Matthew Henry's Commentary
lders exhorted and encouraged. (1-4) Younger Christians are to submit to their elders, and to yield with humility and patience
to God, and to be sober, watchful, and stedfast in faith. (5-9) Prayers for their growth and establishment. (10-14)
Verses 1-4: The apostle Peter does not command, but exhorts. He does not claim power to rule
over all pastors and churches. It was the peculiar honour of Peter and a few more, to be witnesses of Christ's sufferings;
but it is the privilege of all true Christians to partake of the glory that shall be revealed. These poor, dispersed, suffering
Christians, were the flock of God, redeemed to God by the great Shepherd, living in holy love and communion, according to
the will of God. They are also dignified with the title of God's heritage or clergy; his peculiar lot, chosen for his own
people, to enjoy his special favour, and to do him special service. Christ is the chief Shepherd of the whole flock and heritage
of God. And all faithful ministers will receive a crown of unfading glory, infinitely better and more honourable than all
the authority, wealth, and pleasure of the world.
Verses 5-9: Humility
preserves peace and order in all Christian churches and societies; pride disturbs them. Where God gives grace to be humble,
he will give wisdom, faith, and holiness. To be humble, and subject to our reconciled God, will bring greater comfort to the
soul than the gratification of pride and ambition. But it is to be in due time; not in thy fancied time, but God's own wisely
appointed time. Does he wait, and wilt not thou? What difficulties will not the firm belief of his wisdom, power, and goodness
get over! Then be humble under his hand. Cast "all you care;" personal cares, family cares, cares for the present,
and cares for the future, for yourselves, for others, for the church, on God. These are burdensome, and often very sinful,
when they arise from unbelief and distrust, when they torture and distract the mind, unfit us for duties, and hinder our delight
in the service of God. The remedy is, to cast our care upon God, and leave every event to his wise and gracious disposal.
Firm belief that the Divine will and counsels are right, calms the spirit of a man. Truly the godly too often forget this,
and fret themselves to no purpose. Refer all to God's disposal. The golden mines of all spiritual comfort and good are wholly
his, and the Spirit itself. Then, will he not furnish what is fit for us, if we humbly attend on him, and lay the care of
providing for us, upon his wisdom and love? The whole design of Satan is to devour and destroy souls. He always is contriving
whom he may insnare to eternal ruin. Our duty plainly is, to be sober; to govern both the outward and the inward man by the
rules of temperance. To be vigilant; suspicious of constant danger from this spiritual enemy, watchful and diligent to prevent
his designs. Be stedfast, or solid, by faith. A man cannot fight upon a quagmire, there is no standing without firm ground
to tread upon; this faith alone furnishes. It lifts the soul to the firm advanced ground of the promises, and fixes it there.
The consideration of what others suffer, is proper to encourage us to bear our share in any affliction; and in whatever form
Satan assaults us, or by whatever means, we may know that our brethren experience the same.
10-14: In conclusion, the apostle prays to God for them, as the God of all grace. Perfect implies their progress
towards perfection. Stablish imports the curing of our natural lightness and inconstancy. Strengthen has respect to the growth
of graces, especially where weakest and lowest. Settle signifies to fix upon a sure foundation, and may refer to Him who is
the Foundation and Strength of believers. These expressions show that perseverance and progress in grace are first to be sought
after by every Christian. The power of these doctrines on the hearts, and the fruits in the lives, showed who are partakers
of the grace of God. The cherishing and increase of Christian love, and of affection one to another, is no matter of empty
compliment, but the stamp and badge of Jesus Christ on his followers. Others may have a false peace for a time, and wicked
men may wish for it to themselves and to one another; but theirs is a vain hope, and will come to nought. All solid peace
is founded on Christ, and flows from him
David Burnette's Life Application
Strategy of the Enemy
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue
the book of 1 Peter with Chapter 5 and today we see Peter reminding the leadership of the Church to feed the flock as the
enemy is an adversary that will be looking to attack the flock like a lion. In making application I am reminded of how a lion
roars to scare and scatter the flock to isolate and attack the weak. Today the enemy still uses the same strategy to attack
the weak in the body of Christ so the body must rise up, feed the flock, and make the enemies strategy known to all. How about
you? Do you see the strategy of the enemy? Let us learn from our text today and the words of Peter to see the strategy of
the enemy and how the body of Christ is to strengthen one another making his way known so we will can stand against his attacks.
1 Peter 5
elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, and also a partaker
of the glory that shall be revealed:
the flock of God which is among you, taking the oversight thereof, not by constraint, but willingly; not for filthy lucre,
but of a ready mind;
3Neither as being lords
over God's heritage, but being examples to the flock.
when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away.
5Likewise, ye younger, submit yourselves unto the elder. Yea, all of you
be subject one to another, and be clothed with humility: for God resisteth the proud, and giveth grace to the humble.
6Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may
exalt you in due time:
7Casting all your care
upon him; for he careth for you.
be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:
9Whom resist stedfast in the faith, knowing that the same afflictions are
accomplished in your brethren that are in the world.
the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make
you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you.
him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
Silvanus, a faithful brother unto you, as I suppose, I have written briefly, exhorting, and testifying that this is the true
grace of God wherein ye stand.
that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you; and so doth Marcus my son.
14Greet ye one another with a kiss of charity. Peace be with you all that are in Christ Jesus. Amen.