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Dave Burnette's Commentary

Daniel Chapter 5

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Daniel
Date Penned: BC 536 (Covering Events BC 605-536)
Overview: Daniel's Life (c 1-6)
Theme: Daniel is Counselor to King Nebuchadnezzar (c 1-6)
Message:Daniel Interprets the Writing on the Wall. (v 1-31) 

Daniel: Chapter 5 Commentary

(5:1) Sixty six years have past since chapter 1 which tells of Nebuchadnezzar's strike against Jerusalem in 605 BC. Nebuchadnezzar died in 562 BC after a reign of 43 Years. His son, Evil-merodach, ruled from 562 to 560 BC. His Brother in law Neriglissar reigned four years from 560-556BC After a 2 month reign by Labashi-marduk in 556BC The Babylonian Empire continued from 556-539BC under the command of Nabonidus. Belshazzar was the son of Nabonidus. He co-reigned with his father from 553-539BC.

(5-2) Archaeologists have recently discovered Belshazzar's name on several documents. He ruled with his Father, Nabonidus, staying home to administer the affairs of the Kingdom while his father tried to reopen trade routes taken over by Cyrus and the Persians. Belshazzar was in charge of the city of Babylon when it was captured.

(5:7) Belshazzar served as con-regent with his father Nabonidus. So 1st was Naboonidus, 2nd was Belshazzar. The person who could read the writings would be the 3rd.

(5:8) Although the writing on the wall was only three words in Aramaic (Syriac) a language understood by Babylonians, the people could not determine its prophetic significance. God only gave Daniel the ability to interpret the message of doom to Babylon.

(5:10) This Queen was either Nabonidus's wife or the wife of one of his predecessors, possibly even his wives were with him in the banquet hall. 

(5:17) The king offered Daniel beautiful gifts and great power if he would explain the writing, but Daniel turned him down. He was not showing disrespect in refusing the gifts, but he knew they would be short lived and wanted to show that he was giving an unbiased interpretation to the king.

(5:22,23) Belshazzar knew Babylonian history, and so he knew how God had humbled Nebuchadnezzar. Nevertheless, his banquet was a rebellious challenge to God's authority as he took the sacred vessels from God's Temple and drank from them. No one who understands that God is the Creator of the universe should be foolish enough to challenge him.

(5:27) The writing on the wall was a message for all those who defy God. Although Belshazzar had power and wealth, his kingdom was totally corrupt and he could not withstand the judgement of God. God's Time of judgement comes for all people. Turn away from your sin now. Ask God to forgive you and begin to live by his standards of justice.

(5:28) The Medes and Persians joined forces to overthrow Babylon. This event was predicted in the second phase of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in chapter 2. The silver chest and arms.

(5:31) This Darius is not to be confused with Darius #1 mentioned in Ezra, Haggai, and Zechariah, or Darius #2 (the Persion) mentioned in Nehemiah. Darius the Mede is only named in the Book of Daniel. Other records name no king between Belshazzar and Cyrus. Darius may have been appointed by Cyrus to rule over Babylon as a province of Persia or given another name for Cyrus himself or for his son Cambyses, or even possibly, a descendant of Ahasuerus who is usually called Xerxes.


Dave Burnette's Life Application

The Handwriting on the Wall

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue with the Book of Daniel with Chapter 5. In our text today we see Daniel interpreting the hand righting on the wall as a message for all who defy God. In making application we see that the Lord does judge sin but His Heart is that we would repent and be saved. Today the Lord has written us 66 love letters in the pages of the Bible and has warned us of sin and has given us the truth on how to be saved. How about you? Do you see the truth of the pages of the Bible? Let us learn from our text today and hand writing on the wall to see that our Lord loves us, and has written His plan for us down in the pages of the Bible just as he did when the hand appeared writing on the wall.


Daniel 5

Daniel 5

 1Belshazzar the king made a great feast to a thousand of his lords, and drank wine before the thousand.

 2Belshazzar, whiles he tasted the wine, commanded to bring the golden and silver vessels which his father Nebuchadnezzar had taken out of the temple which was in Jerusalem; that the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, might drink therein.

 3Then they brought the golden vessels that were taken out of the temple of the house of God which was at Jerusalem; and the king, and his princes, his wives, and his concubines, drank in them.

 4They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold, and of silver, of brass, of iron, of wood, and of stone.

 5In the same hour came forth fingers of a man's hand, and wrote over against the candlestick upon the plaister of the wall of the king's palace: and the king saw the part of the hand that wrote.

 6Then the king's countenance was changed, and his thoughts troubled him, so that the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another.

 7The king cried aloud to bring in the astrologers, the Chaldeans, and the soothsayers. And the king spake, and said to the wise men of Babylon, Whosoever shall read this writing, and shew me the interpretation thereof, shall be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about his neck, and shall be the third ruler in the kingdom.

 8Then came in all the king's wise men: but they could not read the writing, nor make known to the king the interpretation thereof.

 9Then was king Belshazzar greatly troubled, and his countenance was changed in him, and his lords were astonied.

 10Now the queen by reason of the words of the king and his lords came into the banquet house: and the queen spake and said, O king, live for ever: let not thy thoughts trouble thee, nor let thy countenance be changed:

 11There is a man in thy kingdom, in whom is the spirit of the holy gods; and in the days of thy father light and understanding and wisdom, like the wisdom of the gods, was found in him; whom the king Nebuchadnezzar thy father, the king, I say, thy father, made master of the magicians, astrologers, Chaldeans, and soothsayers;

 12Forasmuch as an excellent spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and shewing of hard sentences, and dissolving of doubts, were found in the same Daniel, whom the king named Belteshazzar: now let Daniel be called, and he will shew the interpretation.

 13Then was Daniel brought in before the king. And the king spake and said unto Daniel, Art thou that Daniel, which art of the children of the captivity of Judah, whom the king my father brought out of Jewry?

 14I have even heard of thee, that the spirit of the gods is in thee, and that light and understanding and excellent wisdom is found in thee.

 15And now the wise men, the astrologers, have been brought in before me, that they should read this writing, and make known unto me the interpretation thereof: but they could not shew the interpretation of the thing:

 16And I have heard of thee, that thou canst make interpretations, and dissolve doubts: now if thou canst read the writing, and make known to me the interpretation thereof, thou shalt be clothed with scarlet, and have a chain of gold about thy neck, and shalt be the third ruler in the kingdom.

 17Then Daniel answered and said before the king, Let thy gifts be to thyself, and give thy rewards to another; yet I will read the writing unto the king, and make known to him the interpretation.

 18O thou king, the most high God gave Nebuchadnezzar thy father a kingdom, and majesty, and glory, and honour:

 19And for the majesty that he gave him, all people, nations, and languages, trembled and feared before him: whom he would he slew; and whom he would he kept alive; and whom he would he set up; and whom he would he put down.

 20But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, he was deposed from his kingly throne, and they took his glory from him:

 21And he was driven from the sons of men; and his heart was made like the beasts, and his dwelling was with the wild asses: they fed him with grass like oxen, and his body was wet with the dew of heaven; till he knew that the most high God ruled in the kingdom of men, and that he appointeth over it whomsoever he will.

 22And thou his son, O Belshazzar, hast not humbled thine heart, though thou knewest all this;

 23But hast lifted up thyself against the Lord of heaven; and they have brought the vessels of his house before thee, and thou, and thy lords, thy wives, and thy concubines, have drunk wine in them; and thou hast praised the gods of silver, and gold, of brass, iron, wood, and stone, which see not, nor hear, nor know: and the God in whose hand thy breath is, and whose are all thy ways, hast thou not glorified:

 24Then was the part of the hand sent from him; and this writing was written.

 25And this is the writing that was written, MENE, MENE, TEKEL, UPHARSIN.

 26This is the interpretation of the thing: MENE; God hath numbered thy kingdom, and finished it.

 27TEKEL; Thou art weighed in the balances, and art found wanting.

 28PERES; Thy kingdom is divided, and given to the Medes and Persians.

 29Then commanded Belshazzar, and they clothed Daniel with scarlet, and put a chain of gold about his neck, and made a proclamation concerning him, that he should be the third ruler in the kingdom.

 30In that night was Belshazzar the king of the Chaldeans slain.

 31And Darius the Median took the kingdom, being about threescore and two years old.