Dave Burnette's Commentary

Exodus Chapter 10

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Moses
Date Penned: (1450-1410 BC)
Overview: The Record of God's Deliverance of Israel (c 1-40)
Theme: Israel in Egypt (c 1-12)
Message: Locust Cover the Land (v 1-29)

Exodus 10 Commentary

(10:1-2) God gives Moses a Story to be Told - God told Moses that his miraculous experiences with Pharaoh should be retold to his descendants. What stories Moses had to tell! Living out one of the greatest dramas in biblical history, he witnessed events few people would ever see. It is important to tell our children about God's work in our past and to help them see what he is doing right now. What are the turning points in your life where God intervened? What is God doing for you now? Your stories will form the foundation of your children's belief in God.

(10:22) Pharaoh's god is powerless - As each gloomy plague descended upon the land, the Egyptian people realized how powerless their own gods were to stop it. Each plague was a challenge to a major Egyptian god. Hapi, the god of the Nile River, could not prevent the waters from turning to blood (7:20). Hathor, the crafty cow-goddess, was helpless as Egyptian livestock died in droves (9:6). Amon-Re, the sun god and chief of the Egyptian gods, could not stop an eerie darkness from covering the land for three full days (10:21-22). The Egyptian gods were (1) not personal, centering around images like the sun or the river; (2) numerous; and (3) not exclusive any and all could be worshiped). By contrast, the God of the Hebrews was (1) a living, personal being; (2) the only true God; and (3) the only God who should be worshiped. God was proving to the Hebrews and the Egyptians that he alone is the living and all-powerful God.

(10:27-28) Pharaoh's Heart is Exposed - Why was Pharaoh so reluctant to let the people go? The Hebrews were Egypt's free labor-the builders of their great cities. As Egypt's leader, Pharaoh would not easily let such a great resource go.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

Sin's High Price

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Exodus with Chapter 10 and i n today's text we see the releasing of plagues 8 & 9 of the 10 which are set in motion with the Locusts eating everything in sight and darkness covering the land. A devastating and costly plague as food in this day was the ultimate resource. Now the decision of Pharaoh to sin against the God of Israel is really costing him in his wealth and finances. In looking back, if Pharaoh could have seen the cost of his disobedience to him and his people - maybe he would have repented. He didn't, and even a higher price will be paid on the 10th plague. Pharaoh will let Israel go but the process will bankrupt him. In making application I see the timeless truth of sin costing far more than we want to pay. I think about my sin and the price I have paid. Not to mention the people it effected. I have repented but what hurts me the worst is the pain others have suffered at my hand. How about you? Do you see the cost of your sin? Let us learn from Pharaoh and repent when the Lord convicts lest we too find that sin costs more than we want to pay.


Exodus 10

Exodus 10

 1And the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I might shew these my signs before him:

 2And that thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, and of thy son's son, what things I have wrought in Egypt, and my signs which I have done among them; that ye may know how that I am the LORD.

 3And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before me? let my people go, that they may serve me.

 4Else, if thou refuse to let my people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast:

 5And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field:

 6And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers' fathers have seen, since the day that they were upon the earth unto this day. And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh.

 7And Pharaoh's servants said unto him, How long shall this man be a snare unto us? let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God: knowest thou not yet that Egypt is destroyed?

 8And Moses and Aaron were brought again unto Pharaoh: and he said unto them, Go, serve the LORD your God: but who are they that shall go?

 9And Moses said, We will go with our young and with our old, with our sons and with our daughters, with our flocks and with our herds will we go; for we must hold a feast unto the LORD.

 10And he said unto them, Let the LORD be so with you, as I will let you go, and your little ones: look to it; for evil is before you.

 11Not so: go now ye that are men, and serve the LORD; for that ye did desire. And they were driven out from Pharaoh's presence.

 12And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hath left.

 13And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.

 14And the locust went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt: very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such.

 15For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt.

 16Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he said, I have sinned against the LORD your God, and against you.

 17Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only this once, and intreat the LORD your God, that he may take away from me this death only.

 18And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD.

 19And the LORD turned a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt.

 20But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

 21And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.

 22And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

 23They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

 24And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, Go ye, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you.

 25And Moses said, Thou must give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice unto the LORD our God.

 26Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve the LORD our God; and we know not with what we must serve the LORD, until we come thither.

 27But the LORD hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.

 28And Pharaoh said unto him, Get thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no more; for in that day thou seest my face thou shalt die.

 29And Moses said, Thou hast spoken well, I will see thy face again no more.