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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus Chapter 27

he altar of burnt offerings. (1-8) The court of the tabernacle. (9-19) The oil for the lamps. (20,21)

Verses 1-8: In the court before the tabernacle, where the people attended, was an altar, to which they must bring their sacrifices, and on which their priests must offer them to God. It was of wood overlaid with brass. A grate of brass was let into the hollow of the altar, about the middle of which the fire was kept, and the sacrifice burnt. It was made of net-work like a sieve, and hung hollow, that the ashes might fall through. This brazen altar was a type of Christ dying to make atonement for our sins. The wood had been consumed by the fire from heaven, if it had not been secured by the brass: nor could the human nature of Christ have borne the wrath of God, if it had not been supported by Divine power.

Verses 9-19: The tabernacle was enclosed in a court, about sixty yards long and thirty broad, formed by curtains hung upon brazen pillars, fixed in brazen sockets. Within this enclosure the priests and Levites offered the sacrifices, and thither the Jewish people were admitted. These distinctions represented the difference between the visible nominal church, and the true spiritual church, which alone has access to God, and communion with him.

Verse 20,21: The pure oil signified the gifts and graces of the Spirit, which all believers receive from Christ, the good Olive, and without which our light cannot shine before men. The priests were to light the lamps, and tend them. It is the work of ministers, by preaching and expounding the Scriptures, which are as a lamp, to enlighten the church, God's tabernacle upon earth. Blessed be God, this light is not now confined to the Jewish tabernacle, but is a light to lighten the gentiles, and for salvation unto the ends of the earth.


David Burnette's Life Application

Atonement


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Exodus with Chapter 27 and in today's text we more of the detail that goes into the tabernacle as God continues to reveal Himself to man through the construction of this structure. What catches my eye is the alter where atonement was made for sin for a short time each year as a sacrifice was made picturing the sacrifice of Jesus-Christ which would make atonement for all who receive this ultimate sacrifice for mans sin, Himself. The word atone means "at one" to unite, reconcile, and agree. This sacrifice allows a sinful man to unite with a holy God showing us how we can be saved. What a picture of love and grace. How about you? Do you see Jesus in the tabernacle? He is your sacrifice and atonement for your sin.

 

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Exodus 27


Exodus 27

 1And thou shalt make an altar of shittim wood, five cubits long, and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits.

 2And thou shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same: and thou shalt overlay it with brass.

 3And thou shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons, and his fleshhooks, and his firepans: all the vessels thereof thou shalt make of brass.

 4And thou shalt make for it a grate of network of brass; and upon the net shalt thou make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.

 5And thou shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar.

 6And thou shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with brass.

 7And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.

 8Hollow with boards shalt thou make it: as it was shewed thee in the mount, so shall they make it.

 9And thou shalt make the court of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits long for one side:

 10And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets shall be of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.

 11And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets of brass; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

 12And for the breadth of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits: their pillars ten, and their sockets ten.

 13And the breadth of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.

 14The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.

 15And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets three.

 16And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets four.

 17All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets of brass.

 18The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets of brass.

 19All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass.

 20And thou shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring thee pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.

 21In the tabernacle of the congregation without the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before the LORD: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.