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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus Chapter 25 

hat the Israelites were to offer for making the tabernacle. (1-9) The ark. (10-22) The table, with its furniture. (23-30) The candlestick. (31-40)

Verses 1-9: God chose the people of Israel to be a peculiar people to himself, above all people, and he himself would be their King. He ordered a royal palace to be set up among them for himself, called a sanctuary, or holy place, or habitation. There he showed his presence among them. And because in the wilderness they dwelt in tents, this royal palace was ordered to be a tabernacle, that it might move with them. The people were to furnish Moses with the materials, by their own free will. The best use we can make of our worldly wealth, is to honour God with it in works of piety and charity. We should ask, not only, What must we do? but, What may we do for God? Whatever they gave, they must give it cheerfully, not grudgingly, for God loves a cheerful giver, (2Co 9:7). What is laid out in the service of God, we must reckon well bestowed; and whatsoever is done in God's service, must be done by his direction.

Verses 10-22: The ark was a chest, overlaid with gold, in which the two tables of the law were to be kept. These tables are called the testimony; God in them testified his will. This law was a testimony to the Israelites, to direct them in their duty, and would be a testimony against them, if they transgressed. This ark was placed in the holy of holies; the blood of the sacrifices was sprinkled, and the incense burned, before it, by the high priest; and above it appeared the visible glory, which was the symbol of the Divine presence. This was a type of Christ in his sinless nature, which saw no corruption, in personal union with his Divine nature, atoning for our sins against it, by his death. The cherubim of gold looked one towards another, and both looked downward toward the ark. It denotes the angels' attendance on the Redeemer, their readiness to do his will, their presence in the assemblies of saints, and their desire to look into the mysteries of the gospel. It was covered with a covering of gold, called the mercy-seat. God is said to dwell, or sit between the cherubim, on the mercy-seat. There he would give his law, and hear supplicants, as a prince on his throne.

Verses 23-30: A table was to be made of wood, overlaid with gold, to stand in the outer tabernacle, to be always furnished with the shew-bread. This table, with the articles on it, and its use, seems to typify the communion which the Lord holds with his redeemed people in his ordinances, the provisions of his house, the feasts they are favoured with. Also the food for their souls, which they always find when they hunger after it; and the delight he takes in their persons and services, as presented before him in Christ.

Verses 31-40: The candlestick represents the light of God's word and Spirit, in and through Christ Jesus, afforded in this dark world to his believing people, to direct their worship and obedience, and to afford them consolations. The church is still dark, as the tabernacle was, in comparison with what it will be in heaven; but the word of God is a light shining in a dark place, (2Pe 1:19), and a dark place indeed the world would be without it. In ver. (40) is an express caution to Moses. Nothing was left to his own fancy, or to that of the workmen, or the people; but the will of God must be observed in every particular. Christ's instruction to his disciples, (Mt 28:20), is like this, Observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. Let us remember that we are the temples of the Holy Ghost, that we have the law of God in our hearts, that we are to live a life of communion with God, feast on his ordinances, and are the light of the world, if indeed we are followers of Christ. May the Lord help us to try ourselves by this view of religion, and to walk according thereto.


David Burnette's Life Application

God Wants a Relationship


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Exodus with Chapter 25 and in today's text we see the instruction for the Tabernacle its furniture and the ark of the covenant. Great detail was given in the construction of these items as great symbolism is in the materials. The tabernacle housed the spirit of God and His Holiness and served as a symbol of how God desired to dwell with His people, Israel. In making application we see how God wants to dwell with us. God provides a way for sinful man to dwell with a Holy God, and today that is through the blood Jesus-Christ. This truth revealed in today's text shows us more of the character of God. God loves you and wants a relationship with you. How about you? Do you see that God loves you and wants a relationship with you? Receive the love of God by receiving Jesus- Christ as your Lord and Savior and experience the God who wants to dwell with you.

 

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Exodus 25


Exodus 25

 1And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

 2Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart ye shall take my offering.

 3And this is the offering which ye shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass,

 4And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

 5And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

 6Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense,

 7Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.

 8And let them make me a sanctuary; that I may dwell among them.

 9According to all that I shew thee, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall ye make it.

 10And they shall make an ark of shittim wood: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

 11And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt thou overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.

 12And thou shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it.

 13And thou shalt make staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.

 14And thou shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne with them.

 15The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.

 16And thou shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give thee.

 17And thou shalt make a mercy seat of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.

 18And thou shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt thou make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat.

 19And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat shall ye make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

 20And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.

 21And thou shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark thou shalt put the testimony that I shall give thee.

 22And there I will meet with thee, and I will commune with thee from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give thee in commandment unto the children of Israel.

 23Thou shalt also make a table of shittim wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

 24And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.

 25And thou shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and thou shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.

 26And thou shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof.

 27Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table.

 28And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne with them.

 29And thou shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt thou make them.

 30And thou shalt set upon the table shewbread before me alway.

 31And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

 32And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:

 33Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.

 34And in the candlesticks shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.

 35And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick.

 36Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.

 37And thou shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.

 38And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

 39Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.

 40And look that thou make them after their pattern, which was shewed thee in the mount.