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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Exodus Chapter 5

haraoh's displeasure, He increases the tasks of the Israelites. (1-9) The sufferings of the Israelites, Moses' complaint to God. (10-23)

Verses 1-9: God will own his people, though poor and despised, and will find a time to plead their cause. Pharaoh treated all he had heard with contempt. He had no knowledge of Jehovah, no fear of him, no love to him, and therefore refused to obey him. Thus Pharaoh's pride, ambition, covetousness, and political knowledge, hardened him to his own destruction. What Moses and Aaron ask is very reasonable, only to go three days' journey into the desert, and that on a good errand. We will sacrifice unto the Lord our God. Pharaoh was very unreasonable, in saying that the people were idle, and therefore talked of going to sacrifice. He thus misrepresents them, that he might have a pretence to add to their burdens. To this day we find many who are more disposed to find fault with their neighbours, for spending in the service of God a few hours spared from their wordly business, than to blame others, who give twice the time to sinful pleasures. Pharaoh's command was barbarous. Moses and Aaron themselves must get to the burdens. Persecutors take pleasure in putting contempt and hardship upon ministers. The usual tale of bricks must be made, without the usual allowance of straw to mix with the clay. Thus more work was to be laid upon the men, which, if they performed, they would be broken with labour; and if not, they would be punished.

Verses 10-23: The Egyptian task-masters were very severe. See what need we have to pray that we may be delivered from wicked men. The head-workmen justly complained to Pharaoh: but he taunted them. The malice of Satan has often represented the service and worship of God, as fit employment only for those who have nothing else to do, and the business only of the idle; whereas, it is the duty of those who are most busy in the world. Those who are diligent in doing sacrifice to the Lord, will, before God, escape the doom of the slothful servant, though with men they do not. The Israelites should have humbled themselves before God, and have taken to themselves the shame of their sin; but instead of that, they quarrel with those who were to be their deliverers. Moses returned to the Lord. He knew that what he had said and done, was by God's direction; and therefore appeals to him. When we find ourselves at any time perplexed in the way of our duty, we ought to go to God, and lay open our case before him by fervent prayer. Disappointments in our work must not drive us from our God, but still we must ponder why they are sent.


David Burnette's Life Application

Forgetting the Blessings of God


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Exodus with Chapter 5 and in today's text we see Moses obeying God and going to Pharaoh with the message of the Lord to let His people go. What catches my eye is the response of Pharaoh: "Who is the Lord that I should obey His Voice"  What a sad statement. It had only been a few generations since the Egyptians had experienced the blessings of Joseph's dreams that allowed prosperity in their land. Now these Egyptians have placed Israel into slavery and will not experience blessings but rather judgement. Pharaoh doesn't know the Lord, nor will he obey the God of Israel. In making application today we also see countries who have forgotten the blessings of the Lord. They too, forget what God did for them with blessing their families and land. As a result they experience the judgement of God verses the blessings of God due to their forgetfulness. How about you? Do know the Lord and Obey His voice? Do you remember the blessings of the Lord and His workings in your life? Let us learn from our text today and the life of Moses to see that we are to obey His Voice, Remembering how He has worked in your life and the lives of your past generations to see that the Lord has blessed you and your family, then follow the Lord to continue in You blessings life lest we end up like Egypt that experienced the judgement of God because we forgot the Lord. 

 

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Exodus 5


Exodus 5

 1And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Let my people go, that they may hold a feast unto me in the wilderness.

 2And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.

 3And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest he fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.

 4And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get you unto your burdens.

 5And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest from their burdens.

 6And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,

 7Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves.

 8And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.

 9Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.

 10And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw.

 11Go ye, get you straw where ye can find it: yet not ought of your work shall be diminished.

 12So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw.

 13And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.

 14And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded, Wherefore have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and to day, as heretofore?

 15Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants?

 16There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.

 17But he said, Ye are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye say, Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD.

 18Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.

 19And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, after it was said, Ye shall not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task.

 20And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh:

 21And they said unto them, The LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.

 22And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, LORD, wherefore hast thou so evil entreated this people? why is it that thou hast sent me?

 23For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast thou delivered thy people at all.