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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis Chapter 44

Joseph's policy to stay his brethren, and try their affection for Benjamin. (1-17) Judah's supplication to Joseph. (18-34)

Verses 1-17: Joseph tried how his brethren felt towards Benjamin. Had they envied and hated the other son of Rachel as they had hated him, and if they had the same want of feeling towards their father Jacob as heretofore, they would now have shown it. When the cup was found upon Benjamin, they would have a pretext for leaving him to be a slave. But we cannot judge what men are now, by what they have been formerly; nor what they will do, by what they have done. The steward charged them with being ungrateful, rewarding evil for good; with folly, in taking away the cup of daily use, which would soon be missed, and diligent search made for it; for so it may be read, Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, as having a particular fondness for it, and for which he would search thoroughly? Or, By which, leaving it carelessly at your table, he would make trial whether you were honest men or not? They throw themselves upon Joseph's mercy, and acknowledge the righteousness of God, perhaps thinking of the injury they had formerly done to Joseph, for which they thought God was now reckoning with them. Even in afflictions wherein we believe ourselves wronged by men, we must own that God is righteous, and finds out our sin.

Verses 18-34: Had Joseph been, as Judah supposed him, an utter stranger to the family, he could not but be wrought upon by his powerful reasonings. But neither Jacob nor Benjamin need an intercessor with Joseph; for he himself loved them. Judah's faithful cleaving to Benjamin, now, in his distress, was recompensed long afterwards by the tribe of Benjamin keeping with the tribe of Judah, when the other tribes deserted it. The apostle, when discoursing of the mediation of Christ, observes, that our Lord sprang out of Judah, (Heb 7:14); and he not only made intercession for the transgressors, but he became a Surety for them, testifying therein tender concern, both for his Father and for his brethren. Jesus, the great antitype of Joseph, humbles and proves his people, even after they have had some tastes of his loving-kindness. He brings their sins to their remembrance, that they may exercise and show repentance, and feel how much they owe to his mercy.


David Burnette's Life Application

Passing the Test


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Genesis with Chapter 44 and in today's text we see 

 the Lord restore Jacob's family through the leadership of Joseph. Today we see Joseph place a test for his brothers to see how they would respond to each other and if they had truly changed. A test that they would eventually pass. In making application we see that God has a will for our life and he uses "tests" in our lives through our needs and circumstance. These "tests" sift and change us, bringing us to a point of repentance and obedience. In my life I have had to take these "tests" and I have seen the Lord humble me and sand off the rough edges in my life. Just as the Potter and the Clay our Lord is faithful to shape us through these "tests" in our lives as He never gives up on us. How about you? Do you see these "tests" the Lord allows in our lives to shape us? Let us learn from today's text with the account of Joseph and his brothers to see that the Lord is continually working in our lives and uses "tests" that we need to pass as the Lord shapes our lives.

 

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Genesis 44


Genesis 44

 1And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, Fill the men's sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man's money in his sack's mouth.

 2And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack's mouth of the youngest, and his corn money. And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken.

 3As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses.

 4And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, Up, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good?

 5Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.

 6And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words.

 7And they said unto him, Wherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing:

 8Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks' mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord's house silver or gold?

 9With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord's bondmen.

 10And he said, Now also let it be according unto your words: he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless.

 11Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack.

 12And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin's sack.

 13Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city.

 14And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph's house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground.

 15And Joseph said unto them, What deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine?

 16And Judah said, What shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord's servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.

 17And he said, God forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father.

 18Then Judah came near unto him, and said, Oh my lord, let thy servant, I pray thee, speak a word in my lord's ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh.

 19My lord asked his servants, saying, Have ye a father, or a brother?

 20And we said unto my lord, We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.

 21And thou saidst unto thy servants, Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.

 22And we said unto my lord, The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die.

 23And thou saidst unto thy servants, Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more.

 24And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord.

 25And our father said, Go again, and buy us a little food.

 26And we said, We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man's face, except our youngest brother be with us.

 27And thy servant my father said unto us, Ye know that my wife bare me two sons:

 28And the one went out from me, and I said, Surely he is torn in pieces; and I saw him not since:

 29And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.

 30Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad's life;

 31It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave.

 32For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.

 33Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren.

 34For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.