Matthew Henry's Commentary
The serpent deceives Eve. (1-5) Adam and Eve transgress the Divine command, and fall into sin and misery. (6-8) God
calls upon Adam and Eve to answer. (9-13) The serpent cursed, The promised Seed. (14,15) The punishment of mankind. (16-19)
The first clothing of mankind. (20,21) Adam and Eve are driven out from paradise. (22-24)
1-5: Satan assaulted our first parents, to draw them to sin, and the temptation proved fatal to them. The
tempter was the devil, in the shape and likeness of a serpent. Satan's plan was to draw our first parents to sin, and so to
separate between them and their God. Thus the devil was from the beginning a murderer, and the great mischief maker. The person
tempted was the woman: it was Satan's policy to enter into talk with her when she was alone. There are many temptations to
which being alone gives great advantage; but the communion of saints tends very much to their strength and safety. Satan took
advantage by finding her near the forbidden tree. They that would not eat the forbidden fruit, must not come near the forbidden
tree. Satan tempted Eve, that by her he might tempt Adam. It is his policy to send temptations by hands we do not suspect,
and by those that have most influence upon us. Satan questioned whether it were a sin or not, to eat of this tree. He did
not disclose his design at first, but he put a question which seemed innocent. Those who would be safe, need to be shy of
talking with the tempter. He quoted the command wrong. He spoke in a taunting way. The devil, as he is a liar, so he is a
scoffer from the beginning; and scoffers are his children. It is the craft of Satan to speak of the Divine law as uncertain
or unreasonable, and so to draw people to sin; it is our wisdom to keep up a firm belief of God's command, and a high respect
for it. Has God said, Ye shall not lie, nor take his name in vain, nor be drunk, &c.? Yes, I am sure he has, and it is
well said; and by his grace I will abide by it. It was Eve's weakness to enter into this talk with the serpent: she might
have perceived by his question, that he had no good design, and should therefore have started back. Satan teaches men first
to doubt, and then to deny. He promises advantage from their eating this fruit. He aims to make them discontented with their
present state, as if it were not so good as it might be, and should be. No condition will of itself bring content, unless
the mind be brought to it. He tempts them to seek preferment, as if they were fit to be gods. Satan ruined himself by desiring
to be like the Most High, therefore he sought to infect our first parents with the same desire, that he might ruin them too.
And still the devil draws people into his interest, by suggesting to them hard thoughts of God, and false hopes of advantage
by sin. Let us, therefore, always think well of God as the best good, and think ill of sin as the worst evil: thus let us
resist the devil, and he will flee from us.
Verses 6-8: Observe the steps
of the transgression: not steps upward, but downward toward the pit. 1. She saw. A great deal of sin comes in at the eye.
Let us not look on that which we are in danger of lusting after, (Mt 5:28). 2. She took. It was
her own act and deed. Satan may tempt, but he cannot force; may persuade us to cast ourselves down, but he cannot cast us
down, (Mt 4:6). 3. She did eat. When she looked perhaps she did not intend to take; or when she
took, not to eat: but it ended in that. It is wisdom to stop the first motions of sin, and to leave it off before it be meddled
with. 4. She gave it also to her husband with her. Those that have done ill, are willing to draw in others to do the same.
5. He did eat. In neglecting the tree of life, of which he was allowed to eat, and eating of the tree of knowledge, which
was forbidden, Adam plainly showed a contempt of what God had bestowed on him, and a desire for what God did not see fit to
give him. He would have what he pleased, and do what he pleased. His sin was, in one word, disobedience, (Ro 5:19); disobedience
to a plain, easy, and express command. He had no corrupt nature within, to betray him; but had a freedom of will, in full
strength, not weakened or impaired. He turned aside quickly. He drew all his posterity into sin and ruin. Who then can say
that Adam's sin had but little harm in it? When too late, Adam and Eve saw the folly of eating forbidden fruit. They saw the
happiness they fell from, and the misery they were fallen into. They saw a loving God provoked, his grace and favour forfeited.
See her what dishonour and trouble sin is; it makes mischief wherever it gets in, and destroys all comfort. Sooner or later
it will bring shame; either the shame of true repentance, which ends in glory, or that shame and everlasting contempt, to
which the wicked shall rise at the great day. See here what is commonly the folly of those that have sinned. They have more
care to save their credit before men, than to obtain their pardon from God. The excuses men make to cover and lessen their
sins, are vain and frivolous; like the aprons of fig-leaves, they make the matter never the better: yet we are all apt to
cover our transgressions as Adam. Before they sinned, they would have welcomed God's gracious visits with humble joy; but
now he was become a terror to them. No marvel that they became a terror to themselves, and full of confusion. This shows the
falsehood of the tempter, and the frauds of his temptations. Satan promised they should be safe, but they cannot so much as
think themselves so! Adam and Eve were now miserable comforters to each other!
9-13: Observe the startling question, Adam, where art thou? Those who by sin go astray from God, should seriously
consider where they are; they are afar off from all good, in the midst of their enemies, in bondage to Satan, and in the high
road to utter ruin. This lost sheep had wandered without end, if the good Shepherd had not sought after him, and told him,
that where he was straying he could not be either happy or easy. If sinners will but consider where they are, they will not
rest till they return to God. It is the common fault and folly of those that have done ill, when questioned about it, to acknowledge
only that which is so manifest that they cannot deny it. Like Adam, we have reason to be afraid of approaching to God, if
we are not covered and clothed with the righteousness of Christ. Sin appears most plainly in the glass of the commandment,
therefore God set it before Adam; and in it we should see our faces. But instead of acknowledging the sin in its full extent,
and taking shame to themselves, Adam and Eve excuse the sin, and lay the shame and blame on others. There is a strange proneness
in those that are tempted, to say, they are tempted of God; as if our abuse of God's gifts would excuse our breaking God's
laws. Those who are willing to take the pleasure and profit of sin, are backward to take the blame and shame of it. Learn
hence, that Satan's temptations are all beguilings; his arguments are all deceits; his allurements are all cheats; when he
speaks fair, believe him not. It is by the deceitfulness of sin the heart is hardened. See (Ro 7:11;
Heb 3:13). But though Satan's subtlety may draw us into sin, yet it will not justify us in sin. Though he is the tempter,
we are the sinners. Let it not lessen our sorrow for sin, that we were beguiled into it; but let it increase our self-indignation,
that we should suffer ourselves to be deceived by a known cheat, and a sworn enemy, who would destroy our souls.
David Burnette's Life Application
Beginning of Sin
Again many applications can be made from today's text.
What stands out to me is how both Adam and Eve sinned and when caught they immediately blamed someone else instead
of acknowledging their responsibility and sin. It shows their heart and attitude toward God and sin. If either Adam
or Eve would have had the right attitude towards God and His authority they could of stopped the other from sinning because
they were with each other when they disobeyed. When they sinned their sin nature was passed down to you and me. Of course
that is why Jesus paid the price of our sin on the cross and why we have to be saved. Let us learn from the mistakes
in the past. Sin starts in our heart and attitude. Not acknowledging God as our authority or having the right attitude towards
sin will allow us to choose to sin when tempted. How about you? I know we all sin and must be saved but does sin rule your
life? Do you fail time after time? If so, do you acknowledge God as your authority and do you view sin as wickedness
and stay as far away as you can from it?
the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath
God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:
3But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said,
Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.
the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:
God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.
6And when the woman saw that the tree was
good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof,
and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.
7And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves
together, and made themselves aprons.
they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from
the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou?
10And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.
11And he said, Who told thee that thou wast
naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not eat?
12And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with me, she gave me of the
tree, and I did eat.
13And the LORD God said
unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did eat.
14And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art
cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the
days of thy life:
15And I will put enmity
between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.
16Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy sorrow and thy conception;
in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
17And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife,
and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake;
in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life;
also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
19In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground;
for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
20And Adam called his wife's name Eve; because she was the mother of all living.
21Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make coats of skins, and clothed
22And the LORD God said, Behold, the
man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life,
and eat, and live for ever:
LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.
24So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims,
and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.