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Dave Burnette's Commentary

Leviticus Chapter 4

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Moses
Date Penned: (1445-1444 BC)
Overview: A Handbook for the Priests and Levites (c 1-27)
Theme: Worshipping a Holy God (c 1-17)
Message: The Sin Offering (v 1-35)

Leviticus 4 Commentary

(4:1) Sins of Omission - Have you ever done something wrong without realizing it until later? Although your sin was unintentional, it was still sin. One of the purposes of God's commands was to make the Israelites aware of their unintentional sins so they could be forgiven for them and so they would not repeat them. Leviticus 4 and 5 mention some of these unintentional sins and the way the Israelites could be forgiven for them. As you read more of God's laws, let them help you become more aware of sin in your own life.

(4:2-35) Unintentional Sins - The sin offering was for those who (1) committed a sin without realizing it or (2) committed a sin out of weakness or negligence as opposed to outright rebellion against God. Individuals and groups could be guilty of unintentional sins. The death of Jesus Christ was the Bible's final and ultimate sin offering (Hebrews 9:25-28 tells why)

 

 


Dave Burnette's Life Application

Omission and Commission

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of Leviticus with Chapter 4 and in today's text we see the Sin Offering. Yesterday we looked at the Peace Offering, the day before we looked at the Meat Offering. proceeded by the Burnt Offering. All have their symbolism as they relate to the relationship of God and man. The sin offering was offered for both sins of omission and commission. Omission or the sins you commit by not acting in a certain situation and Commission the sins we commit by an action. In making application we are reminded that we can sin by not acting when the Holy Spirit prompts.(ex: failing to witness) and sins we act upon (ex: lying)  Of course the blood of Christ covers all but today's text reminds me of the times when I get too busy to listen to the Holy Spirit. I can be busy doing good things but walk right by what the Lord wanted me to do. I must be sensitive to the Holy Spirit and truly walk with the Lord in a Prayerful state being a true disciple of Christ. How about you? Do you see yourself committing sins of omission by failing to act when the Holy Spirit Prompts? Let is learn form our text today that reminds us to be aware of our sins both of Omission and Commission, then confess them before our Lord Jesus as we grow in our discipleship to Him. 

 

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Leviticus 4

Leviticus 4

 1And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

 2Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them:

 3If the priest that is anointed do sin according to the sin of the people; then let him bring for his sin, which he hath sinned, a young bullock without blemish unto the LORD for a sin offering.

 4And he shall bring the bullock unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD; and shall lay his hand upon the bullock's head, and kill the bullock before the LORD.

 5And the priest that is anointed shall take of the bullock's blood, and bring it to the tabernacle of the congregation:

 6And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of the blood seven times before the LORD, before the vail of the sanctuary.

 7And the priest shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar of sweet incense before the LORD, which is in the tabernacle of the congregation; and shall pour all the blood of the bullock at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

 8And he shall take off from it all the fat of the bullock for the sin offering; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,

 9And the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away,

 10As it was taken off from the bullock of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall burn them upon the altar of the burnt offering.

 11And the skin of the bullock, and all his flesh, with his head, and with his legs, and his inwards, and his dung,

 12Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place, where the ashes are poured out, and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt.

 13And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly, and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;

 14When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation.

 15And the elders of the congregation shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before the LORD: and the bullock shall be killed before the LORD.

 16And the priest that is anointed shall bring of the bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation:

 17And the priest shall dip his finger in some of the blood, and sprinkle it seven times before the LORD, even before the vail.

 18And he shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar which is before the LORD, that is in the tabernacle of the congregation, and shall pour out all the blood at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering, which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

 19And he shall take all his fat from him, and burn it upon the altar.

 20And he shall do with the bullock as he did with the bullock for a sin offering, so shall he do with this: and the priest shall make an atonement for them, and it shall be forgiven them.

 21And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it is a sin offering for the congregation.

 22When a ruler hath sinned, and done somewhat through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD his God concerning things which should not be done, and is guilty;

 23Or if his sin, wherein he hath sinned, come to his knowledge; he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a male without blemish:

 24And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the goat, and kill it in the place where they kill the burnt offering before the LORD: it is a sin offering.

 25And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out his blood at the bottom of the altar of burnt offering.

 26And he shall burn all his fat upon the altar, as the fat of the sacrifice of peace offerings: and the priest shall make an atonement for him as concerning his sin, and it shall be forgiven him.

 27And if any one of the common people sin through ignorance, while he doeth somewhat against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which ought not to be done, and be guilty;

 28Or if his sin, which he hath sinned, come to his knowledge: then he shall bring his offering, a kid of the goats, a female without blemish, for his sin which he hath sinned.

 29And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay the sin offering in the place of the burnt offering.

 30And the priest shall take of the blood thereof with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at the bottom of the altar.

 31And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat is taken away from off the sacrifice of peace offerings; and the priest shall burn it upon the altar for a sweet savour unto the LORD; and the priest shall make an atonement for him, and it shall be forgiven him.

 32And if he bring a lamb for a sin offering, he shall bring it a female without blemish.

 33And he shall lay his hand upon the head of the sin offering, and slay it for a sin offering in the place where they kill the burnt offering.

 34And the priest shall take of the blood of the sin offering with his finger, and put it upon the horns of the altar of burnt offering, and shall pour out all the blood thereof at the bottom of the altar:

 35And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.