Dave Burnette's Commentary

Joshua Chapter 8

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Joshua 
Date Penned: (1406-1370 BC)
Overview: A Record of Israel in the Promised Land (c 1-24)
Theme: Conquering the Promised Land (c 5-12)
Message: Israel Destroys the City of Ai (v 1-35)

Joshua 8 Commentary

(8:1) Ai is Defeated - After Israel had been cleansed from Achan's sin, the Lord commanded Joshua to attack Ai again- this time to win. The Israelites have learned some lessons that we can follow: (1) Confess your sins when God reveals them to you (719-21) and (2) when you fail, refocus on God, deal with the problem, and move on (7:22-25; 8:1). God wants the cycle of sin, repentance, and forgiveness to strengthen us, not weaken us. The lessons we learn from our failures should make us better able to handle a similar situation the second time around. Because God is eager to give us cleansing, forgiveness, and strength, the only way to lose is to give up. We show what kind of people we are by what we do on the second and third attempts.

(8:2) Soldiers Allowed to Keep the Spoils of Ai - Why did God allow the Israelites to keep the plunder and livestock this time? Israel's laws for handling the spoils of war covered two situations: (1) Cities like Jericho, which were under God's ban (judgment for idolatry), could not be looted (see Deuteronomy 20:16-18). God's people were to be kept holy and separate from every influence of idolatry. (2) The distribution of captured plunder from cities not under the ban was a normal part of warfare. It provided God's people with the necessary food, flocks, and weapons needed to sustain themselves in wartime. Al was not under the ban. The conquering army needed food and equipment. Because soldiers were not paid, the plunder was part of their incentive and reward for going to war.

(8:3) Depending on the Lord - The conquest of Ai was very important to the Israelites. Only 11 miles away from Jericho, Ai was a key stronghold for the Canaanites and a buffer fortress for Bethel (8:12). If the Canaanite kings got wind of an Israelite defeat at Ai, they could unite in a coordinated attack. They did not know that God had restored his power and protection to Joshua's troops. We must depend on God with absolute obedience to be sure of the victory he has promised.

(8:18-19) From Defeat to Victory - The Lord gave Joshua the city. Yesterday's defeat became today's victory. Once sin is dealt with, forgiveness and victory lie ahead. With God's direction we do not need to stay discouraged or burdened with guilt. No matter what setbacks sin may bring, we must renew our efforts to carry out God's will.

(8:30-31) Uncut Stones - The altar was to be built out of uncut stones so it would be holy (see Exodus 20:25). This would prevent the people from worshiping altars like idols or worshiping the craftsmanship of the workers rather than the great works of God.

(8:32) God's Laws - It was most likely the Ten Commandments (recorded in Exodus 20) that Joshua copied on the stones. These were the heart of all God's laws for the Israelites, and they are still to be followed today.

(8:35) Remembering the Lord - Joshua acted in obedience by gathering the people together and reading the law that God had originally given through Moses, reminding the people of all it said. God knows how easily we forget what he tells us. Like the Israelites, we constantly need to review what God has said in his Word. We should not read the Bible as we read most other books--one time quickly. We should read it over and over again as a constant reminder of who God is and what we can become if we obediently follow him.


Dave Burnette's Life Application

The Wrath of God

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Joshua with Chapter 8 and we see the victory of Ai as God grants victory after the sin of Achan was uncovered. After the victory they build an alter and Joshua shares the law again with Israel. What catches my eye is the wrath of God towards the enemies of God as thousands were killed. In making application we see that God is a God of wrath along with being a God of love, mercy, and grace. Living in the Church age and the days of grace I feel that people forget who God truly is. Yes, God is a God of love, mercy, and grace, but God is the God of our text today who judges sin executing judgement on sinners. Preaching this truth is frowned on in many Churches today but the lack of proclaiming the whole counsel of God has created a society that thinks that God just winks at sin and those who reject His Son. The truth is: those who die without Christ spend eternity in Hell. Those who are saved that choose to sin are disciplined. It reminds me of an article I read of a famous comedian who once was a preacher and choose to quit to be a comedian and live a sinful lifestyle because he said he was tired of the ministry. He even said in the article he new the judgement of God would find him one day. Shortly after the article he died of a heart attack at an early age. It was if he announced the wrath and judgement of God that he believed seem to find him. How about you? Do you believe that God still judges sin and sinners? Let us learn from today's text and remembering the love of God along with his wrath.  


Joshua 8

Joshua 8

 1And the LORD said unto Joshua, Fear not, neither be thou dismayed: take all the people of war with thee, and arise, go up to Ai: see, I have given into thy hand the king of Ai, and his people, and his city, and his land:

 2And thou shalt do to Ai and her king as thou didst unto Jericho and her king: only the spoil thereof, and the cattle thereof, shall ye take for a prey unto yourselves: lay thee an ambush for the city behind it.

 3So Joshua arose, and all the people of war, to go up against Ai: and Joshua chose out thirty thousand mighty men of valour, and sent them away by night.

 4And he commanded them, saying, Behold, ye shall lie in wait against the city, even behind the city: go not very far from the city, but be ye all ready:

 5And I, and all the people that are with me, will approach unto the city: and it shall come to pass, when they come out against us, as at the first, that we will flee before them,

 6(For they will come out after us) till we have drawn them from the city; for they will say, They flee before us, as at the first: therefore we will flee before them.

 7Then ye shall rise up from the ambush, and seize upon the city: for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand.

 8And it shall be, when ye have taken the city, that ye shall set the city on fire: according to the commandment of the LORD shall ye do. See, I have commanded you.

 9Joshua therefore sent them forth: and they went to lie in ambush, and abode between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of Ai: but Joshua lodged that night among the people.

 10And Joshua rose up early in the morning, and numbered the people, and went up, he and the elders of Israel, before the people to Ai.

 11And all the people, even the people of war that were with him, went up, and drew nigh, and came before the city, and pitched on the north side of Ai: now there was a valley between them and Ai.

 12And he took about five thousand men, and set them to lie in ambush between Bethel and Ai, on the west side of the city.

 13And when they had set the people, even all the host that was on the north of the city, and their liers in wait on the west of the city, Joshua went that night into the midst of the valley.

 14And it came to pass, when the king of Ai saw it, that they hasted and rose up early, and the men of the city went out against Israel to battle, he and all his people, at a time appointed, before the plain; but he wist not that there were liers in ambush against him behind the city.

 15And Joshua and all Israel made as if they were beaten before them, and fled by the way of the wilderness.

 16And all the people that were in Ai were called together to pursue after them: and they pursued after Joshua, and were drawn away from the city.

 17And there was not a man left in Ai or Bethel, that went not out after Israel: and they left the city open, and pursued after Israel.

 18And the LORD said unto Joshua, Stretch out the spear that is in thy hand toward Ai; for I will give it into thine hand. And Joshua stretched out the spear that he had in his hand toward the city.

 19And the ambush arose quickly out of their place, and they ran as soon as he had stretched out his hand: and they entered into the city, and took it, and hasted and set the city on fire.

 20And when the men of Ai looked behind them, they saw, and, behold, the smoke of the city ascended up to heaven, and they had no power to flee this way or that way: and the people that fled to the wilderness turned back upon the pursuers.

 21And when Joshua and all Israel saw that the ambush had taken the city, and that the smoke of the city ascended, then they turned again, and slew the men of Ai.

 22And the other issued out of the city against them; so they were in the midst of Israel, some on this side, and some on that side: and they smote them, so that they let none of them remain or escape.

 23And the king of Ai they took alive, and brought him to Joshua.

 24And it came to pass, when Israel had made an end of slaying all the inhabitants of Ai in the field, in the wilderness wherein they chased them, and when they were all fallen on the edge of the sword, until they were consumed, that all the Israelites returned unto Ai, and smote it with the edge of the sword.

 25And so it was, that all that fell that day, both of men and women, were twelve thousand, even all the men of Ai.

 26For Joshua drew not his hand back, wherewith he stretched out the spear, until he had utterly destroyed all the inhabitants of Ai.

 27Only the cattle and the spoil of that city Israel took for a prey unto themselves, according unto the word of the LORD which he commanded Joshua.

 28And Joshua burnt Ai, and made it an heap for ever, even a desolation unto this day.

 29And the king of Ai he hanged on a tree until eventide: and as soon as the sun was down, Joshua commanded that they should take his carcase down from the tree, and cast it at the entering of the gate of the city, and raise thereon a great heap of stones, that remaineth unto this day.

 30Then Joshua built an altar unto the LORD God of Israel in mount Ebal,

 31As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and they offered thereon burnt offerings unto the LORD, and sacrificed peace offerings.

 32And he wrote there upon the stones a copy of the law of Moses, which he wrote in the presence of the children of Israel.

 33And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of the LORD, as well the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel.

 34And afterward he read all the words of the law, the blessings and cursings, according to all that is written in the book of the law.

 35There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them.