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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Joshua Chapter 19

he lot of Simeon. (1-9) The lot of Zebulun. (10-16) The lot of Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan. (17-51)

Verses 1-9: The men of Judah did not oppose taking away the cities within their border, when convinced that they had more than was right. If a true believer has obtained an unintended and improper advantage in any thing, he will give it up without murmuring. Love seeketh not her own, and doth not behave unseemly; it will induce those in whom it richly dwells, to part with their own to supply what is lacking to their brethren.

Verses 10-16: In the division to each tribe of Israel, the prophetic blessings of Jacob were fulfilled. They chose for themselves, or it was divided to them by lot, in the manner and places that he foresaw. So sure a rule to go by is the word of prophecy: we see by it what to believe, and it proves beyond all dispute the things that are of God.

Verses 17-51: Joshua waited till all the tribes were settled, before he asked any provision for himself. He was content to be unfixed, till he saw them all placed, and herein is an example to all in public places, to prefer the common welfare before private advantage. Those who labour most to do good to others, seek an inheritance in the Canaan above: but it will be soon enough to enter thereon, when they have done all the service to their brethren of which they are capable. Nor can any thing more effectually assure them of their title to it, than endeavouring to bring others to desire, to seek, and to obtain it. Our Lord Jesus came and dwelt on earth, not in pomp but poverty, providing rest for man, yet himself not having where to lay his head; for Christ pleased not himself. Nor would he enter upon his inheritance, till by his obedience to death he secured the eternal inheritance for all his people; nor will he account his own glory completed, till every ransomed sinner is put in possession of his heavenly rest.

 

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Joshua 19

Joshua 19

 1And the second lot came forth to Simeon, even for the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families: and their inheritance was within the inheritance of the children of Judah.

 2And they had in their inheritance Beersheba, and Sheba, and Moladah,

 3And Hazarshual, and Balah, and Azem,

 4And Eltolad, and Bethul, and Hormah,

 5And Ziklag, and Bethmarcaboth, and Hazarsusah,

 6And Bethlebaoth, and Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages:

 7Ain, Remmon, and Ether, and Ashan; four cities and their villages:

 8And all the villages that were round about these cities to Baalathbeer, Ramath of the south. This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Simeon according to their families.

 9Out of the portion of the children of Judah was the inheritance of the children of Simeon: for the part of the children of Judah was too much for them: therefore the children of Simeon had their inheritance within the inheritance of them.

 10And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid:

 11And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam;

 12And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sunrising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,

 13And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah;

 14And the border compasseth it on the north side to Hannathon: and the outgoings thereof are in the valley of Jiphthahel:

 15And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages.

 16This is the inheritance of the children of Zebulun according to their families, these cities with their villages.

 17And the fourth lot came out to Issachar, for the children of Issachar according to their families.

 18And their border was toward Jezreel, and Chesulloth, and Shunem,

 19And Haphraim, and Shihon, and Anaharath,

 20And Rabbith, and Kishion, and Abez,

 21And Remeth, and Engannim, and Enhaddah, and Bethpazzez;

 22And the coast reacheth to Tabor, and Shahazimah, and Bethshemesh; and the outgoings of their border were at Jordan: sixteen cities with their villages.

 23This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Issachar according to their families, the cities and their villages.

 24And the fifth lot came out for the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families.

 25And their border was Helkath, and Hali, and Beten, and Achshaph,

 26And Alammelech, and Amad, and Misheal; and reacheth to Carmel westward, and to Shihorlibnath;

 27And turneth toward the sunrising to Bethdagon, and reacheth to Zebulun, and to the valley of Jiphthahel toward the north side of Bethemek, and Neiel, and goeth out to Cabul on the left hand,

 28And Hebron, and Rehob, and Hammon, and Kanah, even unto great Zidon;

 29And then the coast turneth to Ramah, and to the strong city Tyre; and the coast turneth to Hosah; and the outgoings thereof are at the sea from the coast to Achzib:

 30Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.

 31This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Asher according to their families, these cities with their villages.

 32The sixth lot came out to the children of Naphtali, even for the children of Naphtali according to their families.

 33And their coast was from Heleph, from Allon to Zaanannim, and Adami, Nekeb, and Jabneel, unto Lakum; and the outgoings thereof were at Jordan:

 34And then the coast turneth westward to Aznothtabor, and goeth out from thence to Hukkok, and reacheth to Zebulun on the south side, and reacheth to Asher on the west side, and to Judah upon Jordan toward the sunrising.

 35And the fenced cities are Ziddim, Zer, and Hammath, Rakkath, and Chinnereth,

 36And Adamah, and Ramah, and Hazor,

 37And Kedesh, and Edrei, and Enhazor,

 38And Iron, and Migdalel, Horem, and Bethanath, and Bethshemesh; nineteen cities with their villages.

 39This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Naphtali according to their families, the cities and their villages.

 40And the seventh lot came out for the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families.

 41And the coast of their inheritance was Zorah, and Eshtaol, and Irshemesh,

 42And Shaalabbin, and Ajalon, and Jethlah,

 43And Elon, and Thimnathah, and Ekron,

 44And Eltekeh, and Gibbethon, and Baalath,

 45And Jehud, and Beneberak, and Gathrimmon,

 46And Mejarkon, and Rakkon, with the border before Japho.

 47And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father.

 48This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Dan according to their families, these cities with their villages.

 49When they had made an end of dividing the land for inheritance by their coasts, the children of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua the son of Nun among them:

 50According to the word of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked, even Timnathserah in mount Ephraim: and he built the city, and dwelt therein.

 51These are the inheritances, which Eleazar the priest, and Joshua the son of Nun, and the heads of the fathers of the tribes of the children of Israel, divided for an inheritance by lot in Shiloh before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. So they made an end of dividing the country.