Dave Burnette's Commentary

Judges Chapter 5

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Samuel 
Date Penned: (550 BC)
Overview: A Record of Israel's Compromise in the Promised Land (c 1-21)
Theme: The Rescue of Israel by the Judges (c 3-16)
Message: The Song of Deborah and Barak (v 1-31)

Judges 5 Commentary

(5:1) A Song of Victory - Singing and playing music with instruments was a cherished part of Israel's culture. Judges 5 is a song, sung and possibly composed by Deborah and Barak. It tells the story of Israel's great victory recounted in Judges 4. This victory song was accompanied by joyous celebration. It proclaimed God's greatness by giving him credit for the victory. It was also an excellent way to preserve and retell this wonderful story from generation to generation. (Other songs in the Bible are listed in the chart.)

(5:2-7) A Song of Praise - In victory, Barak and Deborah sang praises to God. Songs of praise focus our attention on God, give us an outlet for spiritual celebration, and remind us of God's faithfulness and character. Whether you are experiencing a great victory or a major dilemma, singing praises to God can have a positive effect on your attitude.

(5:8) Israel Fails to Follow God's Instructions - War was the inevitable result when Israel chose to follow false gods. Although God had given Israel clear directions, the people had failed to put his words into practice. Without God at the center of their national life, pressure from the outside soon became greater than power from within, and they were easy prey for their enemies. If you are letting a desire for recognition, craving for power, or love of money rule your life, you may find yourself besieged by your own enemies- stress, anxiety, illness, fatigue. Keep God at the center of your life, and claim the Holy Spirit's power to fight these destroyers.

(5:15-17) A Failure to Help in Battle - Four tribes--Reuben, Gilead (either Gad or Manasseh), Dan, and Asher--were accused of not lending a helping hand in the battle. No reasons are given for their refusal to help their fellow Israelites, but they may be the same ones that stopped the tribes from driving out the Canaanites in the first place: lack of reliance on God for help, lack of effort, fear of the enemy, and fear of antagonizing those with whom they did business and thus from whom they prospered. This disobedience showed a lack of commitment to God's plan and lack of trust in God's power.



Dave Burnette's Life Application

Sing Unto the Lord


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Judges with Chapter 5 and we see the song of Deborah and Barak as they put to music the victory gained in Chapter 4. In making application we see the importance to sing unto the Lord. The Bible says we are to sing with Hymns, Psalms, and Spiritual Songs making melody in our heart to the Lord. Many times I have been down, discouraged, or in need of a touch from the Lord to be filled with the spirit through my heart making melody to the Lord with a song. As I sang my mind is reminded of victories in my life. I can personally testify of our text today. How about you? Do you see the need and blessings from lifting to the Lord a song. Let us learn from our text today and the song of Deborah and Barak to lift a song to the Lord reminding us of His Blessings in our lives. 


Judges 5

Judges 5

 1Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,

 2Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.

 3Hear, O ye kings; give ear, O ye princes; I, even I, will sing unto the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD God of Israel.

 4LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, when thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.

 5The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.

 6In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, and the travellers walked through byways.

 7The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel.

 8They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

 9My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the LORD.

 10Speak, ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.

 11They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse the righteous acts of the LORD, even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his villages in Israel: then shall the people of the LORD go down to the gates.

 12Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.

 13Then he made him that remaineth have dominion over the nobles among the people: the LORD made me have dominion over the mighty.

 14Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.

 15And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart.

 16Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.

 17Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.

 18Zebulun and Naphtali were a people that jeoparded their lives unto the death in the high places of the field.

 19The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.

 20They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

 21The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength.

 22Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.

 23Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.

 24Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be, blessed shall she be above women in the tent.

 25He asked water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish.

 26She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera, she smote off his head, when she had pierced and stricken through his temples.

 27At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bowed, he fell: where he bowed, there he fell down dead.

 28The mother of Sisera looked out at a window, and cried through the lattice, Why is his chariot so long in coming? why tarry the wheels of his chariots?

 29Her wise ladies answered her, yea, she returned answer to herself,

 30Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?

 31So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but let them that love him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might. And the land had rest forty years.