Dave Burnette's Commentary

Judges Chapter 21

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Samuel 
Date Penned: (550 BC)
Overview: A Record of Israel's Compromise in the Promised Land (c 1-21)
Theme: The Moral Failure of Israel (c 17-21)
Message: Wives for the Men of Benjamin (v 1-25)

Judges 21 Commentary

(21:8-12) A Justification for Wrong Actions - The Israelites moved from one mess to another. Because of a rash vow made in the heat of emotion (21:5), here they destroyed another town. The Israelites probably justified killing the people and taking the virgins with the following arguments: (1) An oath could not be broken, and they had vowed that anyone who did not help them fight the tribe of Benjamin would be killed. (2) Because all the women from Benjamin had been killed, the few remaining men needed wives to prevent the tribe from disappearing. To spare the unmarried women from Jabesh-gilead seemed to be the right solution. We do not know all the circumstances behind the brutal massacre at Jabesh-gilead, but the rest of Israel seems to have followed Benjamin's pattern. They put tribal loyalties above God's commands, and they justified wrong actions to correct past mistakes.

(21:25) Wrong Actions Produce Horrendous Results - During the time of the judges, the people of Israel experienced trouble because they acted on their own opinions of what was right and wrong. This produced horrendous results. Today our world is similar. Individuals, groups, and societies have made themselves the final authority without reference to God. When people selfishly satisfy their personal desires at any cost, everyone pays the price. The ultimate heroic act is to submit all our plans, desires, and motives to God. Men like Gideon, Jephthah, and Samson are known for their heroism in battle. But their personal lives were far from heroic. To be truly heroic, we must go into battle each day in our homes, jobs, churches, and societies to make God's kingdom known and enacted there. Our weapons are the standards, morals, truths, and convictions we receive from God's Word. We will lose if we gather the spoils of earthly treasures rather than seeking the treasures of heaven.



Dave Burnette's Life Application

Judge & Judgement

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Judges with Chapter 21 and we see come to the end of this great book that we can make application seeing the lawlessness of a generation. The theme of Israel and a pattern of sin, judgement, and repentance. Is still in our lives today with people doing what is right in their own eyes. In this God rose these Judges who were great men of God. In applying this book we see that we can go the route of Israel and be judged or go the route of the Judges being used of the Lord. How about you? Are you following the Word of God and being used of the Lord or are you doing what is right in your eyes and in the process being Judged by the Lord? Let us learn from our text today and this book we just studied and be a judge verses being in judgement.


Judges 21

Judges 21

 1Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.

 2And the people came to the house of God, and abode there till even before God, and lifted up their voices, and wept sore;

 3And said, O LORD God of Israel, why is this come to pass in Israel, that there should be to day one tribe lacking in Israel?

 4And it came to pass on the morrow, that the people rose early, and built there an altar, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings.

 5And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation unto the LORD? For they had made a great oath concerning him that came not up to the LORD to Mizpeh, saying, He shall surely be put to death.

 6And the children of Israel repented them for Benjamin their brother, and said, There is one tribe cut off from Israel this day.

 7How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have sworn by the LORD that we will not give them of our daughters to wives?

 8And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to the LORD? And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabeshgilead to the assembly.

 9For the people were numbered, and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead there.

 10And the congregation sent thither twelve thousand men of the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children.

 11And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.

 12And they found among the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead four hundred young virgins, that had known no man by lying with any male: and they brought them unto the camp to Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan.

 13And the whole congregation sent some to speak to the children of Benjamin that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them.

 14And Benjamin came again at that time; and they gave them wives which they had saved alive of the women of Jabeshgilead: and yet so they sufficed them not.

 15And the people repented them for Benjamin, because that the LORD had made a breach in the tribes of Israel.

 16Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are destroyed out of Benjamin?

 17And they said, There must be an inheritance for them that be escaped of Benjamin, that a tribe be not destroyed out of Israel.

 18Howbeit we may not give them wives of our daughters: for the children of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that giveth a wife to Benjamin.

 19Then they said, Behold, there is a feast of the LORD in Shiloh yearly in a place which is on the north side of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goeth up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.

 20Therefore they commanded the children of Benjamin, saying, Go and lie in wait in the vineyards;

 21And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.

 22And it shall be, when their fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, that we will say unto them, Be favourable unto them for our sakes: because we reserved not to each man his wife in the war: for ye did not give unto them at this time, that ye should be guilty.

 23And the children of Benjamin did so, and took them wives, according to their number, of them that danced, whom they caught: and they went and returned unto their inheritance, and repaired the cities, and dwelt in them.

 24And the children of Israel departed thence at that time, every man to his tribe and to his family, and they went out from thence every man to his inheritance.

 25In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.