Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Samuel Chapter 10

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Nathan, Zabud, & Gad 
Date Penned: (930 BC)
Overview: A Record of David's Reign (c 1-24)
Theme: David's Successes (c 1-10)
Message: David Defeats the Syrians (v 1-19)

2 Samuel 10 Commentary

(10:4-5) The Ambassadors Suffer Shame - In Israelite culture, all men wore full beards. It was a sign of maturity and authority. Thus when these ambassadors had their beards half-shaved, they suffered great indignity and shame. Having their garments cut off was also meant to humiliate and embarrass them.

(10:6) Hanun Takes the Wrong Advice - Hanun took the wrong advice because he didn't believe the true motives of the ambassadors. Rather than accepting their sympathy, he humiliated them. Then he made matters worse by marshaling his forces for war in reaction to David's anger over this international incident. Hanun should have thought through the advice from his commanders more carefully, but even if he had not, he should have tried to negotiate with David. Instead, he refused to admit any fault and prepared for war. Often we respond angrily and defensively rather than admitting our mistakes, apologizing, and trying to defuse the other person's anger. Instead of taking a stand and fighting, we should seek peace.

(10:12) Joab Trusts the Lord - Our faith in God and our actions should work together. Joab said, "Be of good courage." In other words, the people needed to do what they could, using their minds to figure out the best techniques and using their available resources. But Joab also said, "The LORD do that which seemeth him good." He knew that the outcome was ultimately in God's hands. We should use our minds and our resources to obey God while at the same time trusting him for the outcome.

Dave Burnette's Life Application


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter, making application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Today we continue in the book of 2nd Samuel with Chapter 10. In our text, we see David Defeating the Syrians. What catches my eye is the unity exhibited in the army of David with Joab as he communicated and directed his men to work together; 2 sections were now working together. In making an application, we see the value of the Church working together even though there are many separate Ministries in a Church. Unity is a crucial component for success in the Church. How about you? Are you working within the framework of your Church to add to the Unity of the Body? Let us learn from our text today, working together working in the Body of Christ in Unity


2 Samuel 10

2 Samuel 10

 1And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.

 2Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.

 3And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest thou that David doth honour thy father, that he hath sent comforters unto thee? hath not David rather sent his servants unto thee, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?

 4Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.

 5When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

 6And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.

 7And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.

 8And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

 9When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

 10And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.

 11And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then thou shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for thee, then I will come and help thee.

 12Be of good courage, and let us play the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and the LORD do that which seemeth him good.

 13And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.

 14And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.

 15And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

 16And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

 17And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.

 18And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.

 19And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.