Dave Burnette's Commentary

1 Kings Chapter 14

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Jeremiah
Date Penned: (586 BC)
Overview: A History of the Kings of Israel and Judah (c 1-22)
Theme: The Divided Kingdom (c 12-22)
Message: God's Judgement on Jeroboam (v 1-31)

1 Kings 14 Commentary 

(14:1) Jeroboam's Downfall - These disasters were practical applications to Israel of the specific teachings of Deuteronomy (see Deuteronomy 28:15-19, 36-68; 30:15-20). Ahijah was prophesying the downfall of Israel for the people's flagrant violation of God's commands.

(14:10) A Prophecy on Judgement to Jeroboam's Family - "Him that pisseth against the wall" was a reference to the males of Jeroboam's family. God's message to Jeroboam was that all his male heirs would be wiped out.

(14:14) Baasha is Introduced - Who was this king who would "cut off the house of Jeroboam"? His name was Baasha, and he would kill all of Jeroboam's descendants (15:27-30).

(14:15) Worshiping Idols - "Made their groves" refers to wooden or stone pillars that were set up for use in the worship of Asherah (Ashtoreth), a Canaanite mother-goddess

(14:19) Other Books Mentioned - Three non biblical books are mentioned in 1 and 2 Kings- the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel (14:19), the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah (14:29), and the book of the acts of Solomon (11:41). These historical records of Israel and Judah were the main sources of material God directed the author to use to write 1 and 2 Kings. No copies of these books have been found.

(14:25-26) A Quick Demise - Just five years after Solomon died, the temple and palace were ransacked by foreign invaders. How quickly the glory, power, and money disappeared! When the people became spiritually corrupt and immoral (14÷24), it was just a short time until they lost everything. Wealth, idol worship, and immorality had become more important to them than God. When God is gone from our lives, everything else becomes useless, no matter how valuable it seems.

(14:25) A Weakened Kingdom - When Rehoboam came to power, he inherited a mighty kingdom. Everything he could ever want was given to him. But apparently he did not recognize why he had so much or how it had been obtained. To teach Rehoboam a lesson, God allowed Shishak of Egypt to invade Jerusalem. Egypt was no longer the world power it had once been, and Shishak, possibly resenting Solomon's enormous success, was determined to change that. Shishak's army was not strong enough to destroy Judah, but he weakened the nation so much that it was never the same again.


Dave Burnette's Life Application

A Need to Repent

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter, making application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Today we continue in the book of 1 Kings with Chapter 14.  In our text, we see God's judgment on Jeroboam while Rehoboam rules Judah. What catches my eye is that only five years after Solomon died, we see the ransacking of the Temple and Palace by foreign invaders. How quickly the glory, power, and money disappeared when the people became spiritually corrupt and immoral. In applying, we see how our nation is following this same path. Once a nation under God, we now see a nation that wants nothing to do with God. As a result, we see the hand of God's blessing leaving this nation. How about you? Do you see the U.S.A. following the nation of Israel in our text today? Let us learn from our text today that to be one nation under God and receive God's blessings, and we must repent and follow the Word of God.


1 Kings 14

1 Kings 14

 1At that time Abijah the son of Jeroboam fell sick.

 2And Jeroboam said to his wife, Arise, I pray thee, and disguise thyself, that thou be not known to be the wife of Jeroboam; and get thee to Shiloh: behold, there is Ahijah the prophet, which told me that I should be king over this people.

 3And take with thee ten loaves, and cracknels, and a cruse of honey, and go to him: he shall tell thee what shall become of the child.

 4And Jeroboam's wife did so, and arose, and went to Shiloh, and came to the house of Ahijah. But Ahijah could not see; for his eyes were set by reason of his age.

 5And the LORD said unto Ahijah, Behold, the wife of Jeroboam cometh to ask a thing of thee for her son; for he is sick: thus and thus shalt thou say unto her: for it shall be, when she cometh in, that she shall feign herself to be another woman.

 6And it was so, when Ahijah heard the sound of her feet, as she came in at the door, that he said, Come in, thou wife of Jeroboam; why feignest thou thyself to be another? for I am sent to thee with heavy tidings.

 7Go, tell Jeroboam, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Forasmuch as I exalted thee from among the people, and made thee prince over my people Israel,

 8And rent the kingdom away from the house of David, and gave it thee: and yet thou hast not been as my servant David, who kept my commandments, and who followed me with all his heart, to do that only which was right in mine eyes;

 9But hast done evil above all that were before thee: for thou hast gone and made thee other gods, and molten images, to provoke me to anger, and hast cast me behind thy back:

 10Therefore, behold, I will bring evil upon the house of Jeroboam, and will cut off from Jeroboam him that pisseth against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel, and will take away the remnant of the house of Jeroboam, as a man taketh away dung, till it be all gone.

 11Him that dieth of Jeroboam in the city shall the dogs eat; and him that dieth in the field shall the fowls of the air eat: for the LORD hath spoken it.

 12Arise thou therefore, get thee to thine own house: and when thy feet enter into the city, the child shall die.

 13And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury him: for he only of Jeroboam shall come to the grave, because in him there is found some good thing toward the LORD God of Israel in the house of Jeroboam.

 14Moreover the LORD shall raise him up a king over Israel, who shall cut off the house of Jeroboam that day: but what? even now.

 15For the LORD shall smite Israel, as a reed is shaken in the water, and he shall root up Israel out of this good land, which he gave to their fathers, and shall scatter them beyond the river, because they have made their groves, provoking the LORD to anger.

 16And he shall give Israel up because of the sins of Jeroboam, who did sin, and who made Israel to sin.

 17And Jeroboam's wife arose, and departed, and came to Tirzah: and when she came to the threshold of the door, the child died;

 18And they buried him; and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word of the LORD, which he spake by the hand of his servant Ahijah the prophet.

 19And the rest of the acts of Jeroboam, how he warred, and how he reigned, behold, they are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.

 20And the days which Jeroboam reigned were two and twenty years: and he slept with his fathers, and Nadab his son reigned in his stead.

 21And Rehoboam the son of Solomon reigned in Judah. Rehoboam was forty and one years old when he began to reign, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city which the LORD did choose out of all the tribes of Israel, to put his name there. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess.

 22And Judah did evil in the sight of the LORD, and they provoked him to jealousy with their sins which they had committed, above all that their fathers had done.

 23For they also built them high places, and images, and groves, on every high hill, and under every green tree.

 24And there were also sodomites in the land: and they did according to all the abominations of the nations which the LORD cast out before the children of Israel.

 25And it came to pass in the fifth year of king Rehoboam, that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem:

 26And he took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king's house; he even took away all: and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made.

 27And king Rehoboam made in their stead brasen shields, and committed them unto the hands of the chief of the guard, which kept the door of the king's house.

 28And it was so, when the king went into the house of the LORD, that the guard bare them, and brought them back into the guard chamber.

 29Now the rest of the acts of Rehoboam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah?

 30And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all their days.

 31And Rehoboam slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David. And his mother's name was Naamah an Ammonitess. And Abijam his son reigned in his stead.