Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Kings Chapter 18

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Jeremiah
Date Penned: (586 BC)
Overview: A History of the Kings of Israel and Judah (c 1-25)
Theme: The Surviving Kingdom (c 18-25)
Message: Hezekiah Rules Judah (v 1-37)

2 Kings 18 Commentary 

(18:4) The Brass Serpent - The brass serpent had been made to cure the Israelites of the bite of venomous snakes (Numbers 21:4-9). It had demonstrated God's presence and power and had reminded the people of his mercy and forgiveness. But it had become an object of worship instead of a reminder of whom to worship, so Hezekiah was forced to destroy it. We must be careful that aids to our worship don't become objects of worship themselves. Most objects are not made to be idols--they become idols by the way people use them.

(18:5) Hezekiah Follows God - "After him was none like him among all the kings of Judah." In dramatic contrast to his father, Ahaz, Hezekiah followed God more closely and sincerely than any other king of Judah or Israel. This statement refers to the kings after the division of the kingdom and so does not include David, considered the king most devoted to God.

(18:7) Hezekiah Trusts God - Judah was sandwiched between two world powers, Egypt and Assyria. Both wanted to control Judah and Israel because they lay at the vital crossroads of all trade in the ancient Middle East. The nation that controlled Judah would have a military and economic advantage over its rivals. When Hezekiah became king, Assyria controlled Judah. Acting with great courage, Hezekiah rebelled against this mighty empire to whom his father had submitted. He placed his faith in God's strength rather than his own, and he obeyed God's commands in spite of the obstacles and dangers that, from a purely human standpoint, looked overwhelming.

(18:9-12) Hezekiah Reforms a Nation - These verses flash back to the days just before Israel's destruction. Hezekiah reigned with his father, Ahaz, for 14 years (729-715 BC), by himself for 18 years (715-697 BC), and with his son Manasseh for 11 years (697- 686 BC), a total of 43 years. The 29 years listed in 18:2 indicate only those years in which Hezekiah had control of the kingdom. While Hezekiah was on the throne, the nation of Israel to the north was destroyed (722 BC). Knowing Israel's fate probably caused Hezekiah to reform his own nation. (For more on Hezekiah, see 2 Chronicles 29-32 and Isaiah 36-39.)

(18:13) Hezekiah Strengthens a Nation - This event occurred in 701 BC, four years after Sennacherib had become Assyria's king. Sennacherib was the son of Sargon II, the king who had deported Israel's people into captivity (17:3-4). To keep Assyria from attacking, the southern kingdom paid tribute annually. But when Sennacherib became king, Hezekiah stopped paying this money, hoping Assyria would ignore him. When Sennacherib and his army retaliated, Hezekiah realized his mistake and paid the tribute money (18:14), but Sennacherib attacked anyway (18:19-37). Although Sennacherib attacked Judah, he was not as war hungry as the previous Assyrian kings, preferring to spend most of his time building and beautifying his capital city, Nineveh. With less frequent invasions, Hezekiah was able to institute many reforms and strengthen the nation.

(18:17) The Titles of the Day -  Sending the Tartan, Rab-saris, and Rab-shakeh (all titles for high officials) was like sending the vice president, the secretary of state, and the head general of the army to speak to the enemy prior to a battle. All of these men were sent in an effort to impress and discourage the Israelites.

(18:19) Who Are You Trusting - "What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?" could also be translated, "Who are you trusting to save you? Nothing can save you from my power.



Dave Burnette's Life Application

Drive Out False gods


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter, making application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Today we continue the book of 2 Kings with Chapter 18.  In our text, we see Hezekiah ruling Judah as Assyria threatens to conquer Judah. What caught my eye was how Hezekiah stood for God in the midst of a nation against God. God's judgment was against the land due to their failure to drive out the pagan gods in the high places, but Hezekiah drove them out. He also stood against the mighty King of Assyria, trusting the Lord. In applying, we see our land worshiping many false gods and our leaders as the King of Assyria. We must be like Hezekiah, driving out false gods in our lives, rebuking evil, standing our ground, and proclaiming the Word of the Lord. How about you? Are you taking a stand for God in a nation moving in the other direction from our Lord? Let us learn from our text today and the life of Hezekiah to drive out the false gods of our lives, rebuke evil, and stand our ground, proclaiming the Word of our Lord, who will bring Victory to our lives.


2 Kings 18

2 Kings 18

 1Now it came to pass in the third year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Hezekiah the son of Ahaz king of Judah began to reign.

 2Twenty and five years old was he when he began to reign; and he reigned twenty and nine years in Jerusalem. His mother's name also was Abi, the daughter of Zachariah.

 3And he did that which was right in the sight of the LORD, according to all that David his father did.

 4He removed the high places, and brake the images, and cut down the groves, and brake in pieces the brasen serpent that Moses had made: for unto those days the children of Israel did burn incense to it: and he called it Nehushtan.

 5He trusted in the LORD God of Israel; so that after him was none like him among all the kings of Judah, nor any that were before him.

 6For he clave to the LORD, and departed not from following him, but kept his commandments, which the LORD commanded Moses.

 7And the LORD was with him; and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and he rebelled against the king of Assyria, and served him not.

 8He smote the Philistines, even unto Gaza, and the borders thereof, from the tower of the watchmen to the fenced city.

 9And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Hezekiah, which was the seventh year of Hoshea son of Elah king of Israel, that Shalmaneser king of Assyria came up against Samaria, and besieged it.

 10And at the end of three years they took it: even in the sixth year of Hezekiah, that is in the ninth year of Hoshea king of Israel, Samaria was taken.

 11And the king of Assyria did carry away Israel unto Assyria, and put them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes:

 12Because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD their God, but transgressed his covenant, and all that Moses the servant of the LORD commanded, and would not hear them, nor do them.

 13Now in the fourteenth year of king Hezekiah did Sennacherib king of Assyria come up against all the fenced cities of Judah, and took them.

 14And Hezekiah king of Judah sent to the king of Assyria to Lachish, saying, I have offended; return from me: that which thou puttest on me will I bear. And the king of Assyria appointed unto Hezekiah king of Judah three hundred talents of silver and thirty talents of gold.

 15And Hezekiah gave him all the silver that was found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house.

 16At that time did Hezekiah cut off the gold from the doors of the temple of the LORD, and from the pillars which Hezekiah king of Judah had overlaid, and gave it to the king of Assyria.

 17And the king of Assyria sent Tartan and Rabsaris and Rabshakeh from Lachish to king Hezekiah with a great host against Jerusalem. And they went up and came to Jerusalem. And when they were come up, they came and stood by the conduit of the upper pool, which is in the highway of the fuller's field.

 18And when they had called to the king, there came out to them Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder.

 19And Rabshakeh said unto them, Speak ye now to Hezekiah, Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, What confidence is this wherein thou trustest?

 20Thou sayest, (but they are but vain words,) I have counsel and strength for the war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me?

 21Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him.

 22But if ye say unto me, We trust in the LORD our God: is not that he, whose high places and whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?

 23Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them.

 24How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master's servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen?

 25Am I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, Go up against this land, and destroy it.

 26Then said Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, and Shebna, and Joah, unto Rabshakeh, Speak, I pray thee, to thy servants in the Syrian language; for we understand it: and talk not with us in the Jews' language in the ears of the people that are on the wall.

 27But Rabshakeh said unto them, Hath my master sent me to thy master, and to thee, to speak these words? hath he not sent me to the men which sit on the wall, that they may eat their own dung, and drink their own piss with you?

 28Then Rabshakeh stood and cried with a loud voice in the Jews' language, and spake, saying, Hear the word of the great king, the king of Assyria:

 29Thus saith the king, Let not Hezekiah deceive you: for he shall not be able to deliver you out of his hand:

 30Neither let Hezekiah make you trust in the LORD, saying, The LORD will surely deliver us, and this city shall not be delivered into the hand of the king of Assyria.

 31Hearken not to Hezekiah: for thus saith the king of Assyria, Make an agreement with me by a present, and come out to me, and then eat ye every man of his own vine, and every one of his fig tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his cistern:

 32Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards, a land of oil olive and of honey, that ye may live, and not die: and hearken not unto Hezekiah, when he persuadeth you, saying, The LORD will deliver us.

 33Hath any of the gods of the nations delivered at all his land out of the hand of the king of Assyria?

 34Where are the gods of Hamath, and of Arpad? where are the gods of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah? have they delivered Samaria out of mine hand?

 35Who are they among all the gods of the countries, that have delivered their country out of mine hand, that the LORD should deliver Jerusalem out of mine hand?

 36But the people held their peace, and answered him not a word: for the king's commandment was, saying, Answer him not.

 37Then came Eliakim the son of Hilkiah, which was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder, to Hezekiah with their clothes rent, and told him the words of Rabshakeh.