Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Chronicles Chapter 10

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Ezra
Date Penned: (430 BC)
Overview: A History of God's Chosen People (c 1-36)
Theme: The Kingdom of Judah (c 10-36)
Message: The Nation of Israel Splits Apart (v 1-19)

2 Chronicles 10 Commentary 

(10:1) Rehoboam Follows the Wrong Advice - Following bad advice can cause disaster. Rehoboam lost the chance to rule a peaceful, united kingdom because he rejected the advice of Solomon's older counselors, preferring the counsel of his peers. Rehoboam made two errors in seeking advice: (1) He did not give extra consideration to the suggestions of those who knew the situation better than he did, and (2) he did not ask God for wisdom to discern which was the better option. It is easy to follow the advice of our peers because they often feel as we do. But their perspective may be limited. It is important to listen carefully to those who have a sense of history and more experience than we do. They can often see the bigger picture.

(10:2) Rehoboam is crowned in Shechem - The crowning of an Israelite king would normally have taken place in Jerusalem, the capital city. Rehoboam saw that there was the possibility of trouble in the north, so to maintain his hold on the country, he chose Shechem, a city about 35 miles north of Jerusalem. Shechem was an ancient site for making covenants (Joshua 24:1).

(10:3) Ahijah predicts Israel would be split in two - Why was Jeroboam in Egypt? Ahijah the prophet had predicted that Israel would split in two and that Jeroboam would become king of the northern section. When Solomon learned of this prophecy, he tried to kill Jeroboam, and Jeroboam was forced to flee to Egypt (1 Kings 11:26-40).

(10:14) An Unbalanced Picture - Rehoboam must have gotten an unbalanced picture of leadership from his father, Solomon. Apparently Rehoboam saw only the difficulty of leading the nation, not the opportunities. He mentioned only the harsher aspects of Solomon's rule, and he himself decided to be very harsh toward the people. As you discuss your responsibilities at work, at church, or as a parent, be sure that you temper any words of difficulty with words of joy. Otherwise you may sour the attitudes of those you influence toward the work you do and the people you serve.

(10:16) The Wrong Motives - In trying to have it all, Rehoboam lost almost everything. Motivated by greed and power, he pressed too hard and divided his kingdom. He didn't need more money or power because he had inherited the richest kingdom in the world. He didn't need more control because he was the king. His demands were based on selfishness rather than reason or spiritual discernment. Those who insist on having it all often wind up with little or nothing.

(10:19) Israel and Judah - This is the beginning of the history of the divided kingdom. The peaceful united kingdom under Solomon divided into two parts. Ten of the tribes followed Jeroboam and became the nation of Israel, the northern kingdom. The other two tribes, Judah and Benjamin, remained loyal to David's line and accepted Rehoboam's rule. They became Judah, the southern kingdom.

Dave Burnette's Life Application



Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of 2 Chronicles with Chapter 10 and we see the nation of Israel split apart as Rehoboam speaks roughly to the people and the northern tribes revolt. What catches my eye is the Greed of Rehoboam. He inherited the richest, most powerful kingdom in the world but still pressed the people to a point of division. In his quest for more he lost it all. In making application we see the principle of Greed play out in our lives. In the U.S. the poorest person is rich in many countries having food, water, shelter, and healthcare. The middle class and the rich have more than enough to sustain themselves but for the "toys" of this world they sacrifice their families and relationships for the sake of Greed. In wanting it all many loose it all. Many divorces and family breakups have the root of Greed at the base of this tragedy. Like Rehoboam we really have it all, so lets not let Greed have a place in our lives which will ultimately destroy what is really important in our lives. How about you? Do you see the enticement of Greed in you life? Let us learn from our text today and the life of Rehoboam to remember that Greed separates us from what is really important in our lives


2 Chronicles 10

2 Chronicles 10

 1And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king.

 2And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt, whither he fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt.

 3And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying,

 4Thy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.

 5And he said unto them, Come again unto me after three days. And the people departed.

 6And king Rehoboam took counsel with the old men that had stood before Solomon his father while he yet lived, saying, What counsel give ye me to return answer to this people?

 7And they spake unto him, saying, If thou be kind to this people, and please them, and speak good words to them, they will be thy servants for ever.

 8But he forsook the counsel which the old men gave him, and took counsel with the young men that were brought up with him, that stood before him.

 9And he said unto them, What advice give ye that we may return answer to this people, which have spoken to me, saying, Ease somewhat the yoke that thy father did put upon us?

 10And the young men that were brought up with him spake unto him, saying, Thus shalt thou answer the people that spake unto thee, saying, Thy father made our yoke heavy, but make thou it somewhat lighter for us; thus shalt thou say unto them, My little finger shall be thicker than my father's loins.

 11For whereas my father put a heavy yoke upon you, I will put more to your yoke: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

 12So Jeroboam and all the people came to Rehoboam on the third day, as the king bade, saying, Come again to me on the third day.

 13And the king answered them roughly; and king Rehoboam forsook the counsel of the old men,

 14And answered them after the advice of the young men, saying, My father made your yoke heavy, but I will add thereto: my father chastised you with whips, but I will chastise you with scorpions.

 15So the king hearkened not unto the people: for the cause was of God, that the LORD might perform his word, which he spake by the hand of Ahijah the Shilonite to Jeroboam the son of Nebat.

 16And when all Israel saw that the king would not hearken unto them, the people answered the king, saying, What portion have we in David? and we have none inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to your tents, O Israel: and now, David, see to thine own house. So all Israel went to their tents.

 17But as for the children of Israel that dwelt in the cities of Judah, Rehoboam reigned over them.

 18Then king Rehoboam sent Hadoram that was over the tribute; and the children of Israel stoned him with stones, that he died. But king Rehoboam made speed to get him up to his chariot, to flee to Jerusalem.

 19And Israel rebelled against the house of David unto this day.