Dave Burnette's Commentary

Esther Chapter 9

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Mordecai
Date Penned: (470 BC)
Overview: God's Sovereignty and Power Through Esther's Life (c 1-10)
Theme: The Jews are Delivered (c 9-10)
Message: The Jews Triumph Over Their Enemy (1-32)

Esther 9 Commentary

(9:5-16) the Jews defend themselves -  Haman had decreed that on the 13th day of the 12th month (March 7 in our modern calendar anyone could kill the Jews and take their property. Mordecai's decree could not reverse Haman's because no law signed by the king could be repealed. Instead, Mordecai had the king sign a new law giving Jews the right to fight back. When the dreaded day arrived, there was much fighting, but the Jews killed only those who wanted to kill them, and they did not take their enemies possessions, even though they could have (8;11; 9:10, 16). There were no additional riots after the two-day slaughter, so selfish gain and revenge were not primary motives for the Jews. They simply wanted to defend themselves and their families from those who hated them.

(9:11) The alace - Here the word palace refers to the fortified city of Shushan. The king appears to be more concerned about Esther's wishes than the slaughter of his subjects.

(9:19-22) The Historic Days of Purim - People tend to have short memories when it comes to God's faithfulness. To help counter this, Mordecai wrote down these events and encouraged an annual holiday to commemorate the historic days of Purim. Jews still celebrate Purim today. Celebrations of feasting, gladness, and gift giving are important ways to remember God's specific acts. Today the festivities of Christmas and Easter help us remember the birth and resurrection of Jesus Christ. Don't let the celebration or the exchanging of gifts hide the meaning of these great events.

(9:29-31) Esther is Used of God -  Among Jews and most other ancient societies, women predominantly worked in the home, raising children and preparing food, and they stayed generally on the fringe of religious and political life. But Esther was a Jewish woman who broke through the cultural norms -even what was expected of her as a Persian queen stepping outside her expected role to risk her life to help God's people. Whatever your place in life, God can use you. Be open, available, and ready, because God may use you to do what others are afraid even to consider.


Dave Burnette's Life Application

Remember the Victories

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue with the Book of Esther with Chapter 9. In our text today we see the Jews are delivered and triumph over their enemies. To remember the day Mordecai inaugurated the feast of Purim to remember the day. In making application we see the importance of remembering the victories the Lord gives us in our lives. We have short memories and it is important to mark the victories some way in our lives. Today we have Christmas and Easter to remember the birth and resurrection of Christ. We too, need to remember the personal victories with special events to remember and share with other in future days. The day you were saved, baptized, married, etc. are all days to celebrate and share with those you love. How about you? Do you mark the victories in your life with some way to remember what God has done for you? Let us learn from our text today, the victory God gives, and the feast of the Purim for the importance of remembering the victories God gives us in our lives. 


Esther 9

Esther 9

 1Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)

 2The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.

 3And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.

 4For Mordecai was great in the king's house, and his fame went out throughout all the provinces: for this man Mordecai waxed greater and greater.

 5Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.

 6And in Shushan the palace the Jews slew and destroyed five hundred men.

 7And Parshandatha, and Dalphon, and Aspatha,

 8And Poratha, and Adalia, and Aridatha,

 9And Parmashta, and Arisai, and Aridai, and Vajezatha,

 10The ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha, the enemy of the Jews, slew they; but on the spoil laid they not their hand.

 11On that day the number of those that were slain in Shushan the palace was brought before the king.

 12And the king said unto Esther the queen, The Jews have slain and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace, and the ten sons of Haman; what have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? now what is thy petition? and it shall be granted thee: or what is thy request further? and it shall be done.

 13Then said Esther, If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews which are in Shushan to do to morrow also according unto this day's decree, and let Haman's ten sons be hanged upon the gallows.

 14And the king commanded it so to be done: and the decree was given at Shushan; and they hanged Haman's ten sons.

 15For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand.

 16But the other Jews that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together, and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,

 17On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

 18But the Jews that were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

 19Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another.

 20And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,

 21To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,

 22As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto them from sorrow to joy, and from mourning into a good day: that they should make them days of feasting and joy, and of sending portions one to another, and gifts to the poor.

 23And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun, and as Mordecai had written unto them;

 24Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them, and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them, and to destroy them;

 25But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return upon his own head, and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows.

 26Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter, and of that which they had seen concerning this matter, and which had come unto them,

 27The Jews ordained, and took upon them, and upon their seed, and upon all such as joined themselves unto them, so as it should not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing, and according to their appointed time every year;

 28And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province, and every city; and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews, nor the memorial of them perish from their seed.

 29Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim.

 30And he sent the letters unto all the Jews, to the hundred twenty and seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth,

 31To confirm these days of Purim in their times appointed, according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them, and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry.

 32And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim; and it was written in the book.