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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Job Chapter 13

ob reproves his friends. (1-12) He professes his confidence in God. (13-22) Job entreats to know his sins. (23-28)

Verses 1-12: With self-preference, Job declared that he needed not to be taught by them. Those who dispute are tempted to magnify themselves, and lower their brethren, more than is fit. When dismayed or distressed with the fear of wrath, the force of temptation, or the weight of affliction, we should apply to the Physician of our souls, who never rejects any, never prescribes amiss, and never leaves any case uncured. To Him we may speak at all times. To broken hearts and wounded consciences, all creatures, without Christ, are physicians of no value. Job evidently speaks with a very angry spirit against his friends. They had advanced some truths which nearly concerned Job, but the heart unhumbled before God, never meekly receives the reproofs of men.

Verses 13-22: Job resolved to cleave to the testimony his own conscience gave of his uprightness. He depended upon God for justification and salvation, the two great things we hope for through Christ. Temporal salvation he little expected, but of his eternal salvation he was very confident; that God would not only be his Saviour to make him happy, but his salvation, in the sight and enjoyment of whom he should be happy. He knew himself not to be a hypocrite, and concluded that he should not be rejected. We should be well pleased with God as a Friend, even when he seems against us as an enemy. We must believe that all shall work for good to us, even when all seems to make against us. We must cleave to God, yea, though we cannot for the present find comfort in him. In a dying hour, we must derive from him living comforts; and this is to trust in him, though he slay us.

Verses 23-28: Job begs to have his sins discovered to him. A true penitent is willing to know the worst of himself; and we should all desire to know what our transgressions are, that we may confess them, and guard against them for the future. Job complains sorrowfully of God's severe dealings with him. Time does not wear out the guilt of sin. When God writes bitter things against us, his design is to make us bring forgotten sins to mind, and so to bring us to repent of them, as to break us off from them. Let young persons beware of indulging in sin. Even in this world they may so possess the sins of their youth, as to have months of sorrow for moments of pleasure. Their wisdom is to remember their Creator in their early days, that they may have assured hope, and sweet peace of conscience, as the solace of their declining years. Job also complains that his present mistakes are strictly noticed. So far from this, God deals not with us according to our deserts. This was the language of Job's melancholy views. If God marks our steps, and narrowly examines our paths, in judgment, both body and soul feel his righteous vengeance. This will be the awful case of unbelievers, yet there is salvation devised, provided, and made known in Christ.


David Burnette's Life Application


Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the Book of Job with Chapter 13. In our text today we see Job comparing his 3 friends to a surgeon who did not know what he was doing. There was truth spoken but wrong assumptions were made along with wrong applications. In making a personal application we see that we are to apply the word of God while rightly dividing the Word of Truth. We must take Scripture in their context to make application. How about you? Do know the Bible and if you do can you make accurate application of the Scriptures? Let us learn from our text today and the expression of Job to his friends to remember to rightly divide the Word of Truth to Apply to our Lives.

 

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Job 13

Job 13

 1Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.

 2What ye know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you.

 3Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.

 4But ye are forgers of lies, ye are all physicians of no value.

 5O that ye would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.

 6Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.

 7Will ye speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for him?

 8Will ye accept his person? will ye contend for God?

 9Is it good that he should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do ye so mock him?

 10He will surely reprove you, if ye do secretly accept persons.

 11Shall not his excellency make you afraid? and his dread fall upon you?

 12Your remembrances are like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay.

 13Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what will.

 14Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in mine hand?

 15Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him: but I will maintain mine own ways before him.

 16He also shall be my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before him.

 17Hear diligently my speech, and my declaration with your ears.

 18Behold now, I have ordered my cause; I know that I shall be justified.

 19Who is he that will plead with me? for now, if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost.

 20Only do not two things unto me: then will I not hide myself from thee.

 21Withdraw thine hand far from me: and let not thy dread make me afraid.

 22Then call thou, and I will answer: or let me speak, and answer thou me.

 23How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.

 24Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and holdest me for thine enemy?

 25Wilt thou break a leaf driven to and fro? and wilt thou pursue the dry stubble?

 26For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth.

 27Thou puttest my feet also in the stocks, and lookest narrowly unto all my paths; thou settest a print upon the heels of my feet.

 28And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.