Dave Burnette's Commentary

Job Chapter 31

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Unknown, possibly Job, Moses, Solomon, and Elihu
Date Penned: (2000-1800 BC)
Overview: Faith in God's Sovereignty Through Trials (c 1-42)
Theme: Three Friends Answer Job (c 3-31)
Message: Job's Third Discussion (v 1-40)

Job 31 Commentary

(31:1-4) Job Avoids Sin - Job had not only avoided committing the great sin of adultery; he had not even taken the first step toward that sin by looking at a woman with lust. Job said he was innocent of both outward and inward sins. In Job 29, Job reviewed his good deeds. Here in Job 31, he listed sins he had not committed in his heart (31:1-12), against his neighbors (31:13-23), or against God (31:24-34).

(31:24-28) Job Avoids Idolatry - Job affirmed that depending on wealth for happiness is idolatry and denies the God of heaven. We excuse our society's obsession with money and possessions as a necessary evil or "the way it works" in the modern world. But every society in every age has valued the power and prestige that money brings. True believers must purge themselves of the deep-seated desire for more power, prestige, and possessions. They must also not withhold their resources from neighbors near and far who have desperate physical needs.

(31:33-34) We Cannot Hide From God - Job declared that he did not try to hide his sin as people often do. The fear that our sins will be discovered leads us to patterns of deception. We cover up our sins with lies so that we will appear good to others. But we cannot hide from God. Do you try to keep people from seeing how you really behave and think? When you acknowledge your sins, you free yourself to receive forgiveness and new life.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

The Pursuit of Wealth

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the Book of Job with Chapter 31. In our text today we see Job continuing to speak on his trials. What catches my eye is verses 24-28 when Job says that depending on wealth for happiness is idolatry. In making application we see this dependence on wealth that drives our nation. We have replaced God, Church, and Family with a lust for wealth. Many don't have a relationship with the Lord, go to Church, or spend time with their family because they embraced the pursuit of wealth as their God. How about you? Do you put your job or career ahead of your time with the Lord, Church attendance, or family time? Let us learn from our text today and the advice of Job to realize that dependance on wealth is idolatry.


Job 31

Job 31

 1I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid?

 2For what portion of God is there from above? and what inheritance of the Almighty from on high?

 3Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?

 4Doth not he see my ways, and count all my steps?

 5If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit;

 6Let me be weighed in an even balance that God may know mine integrity.

 7If my step hath turned out of the way, and mine heart walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands;

 8Then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out.

 9If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighbour's door;

 10Then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.

 11For this is an heinous crime; yea, it is an iniquity to be punished by the judges.

 12For it is a fire that consumeth to destruction, and would root out all mine increase.

 13If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;

 14What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when he visiteth, what shall I answer him?

 15Did not he that made me in the womb make him? and did not one fashion us in the womb?

 16If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

 17Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof;

 18(For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)

 19If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;

 20If his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece of my sheep;

 21If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

 22Then let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone.

 23For destruction from God was a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.

 24If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, Thou art my confidence;

 25If I rejoice because my wealth was great, and because mine hand had gotten much;

 26If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness;

 27And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:

 28This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.

 29If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

 30Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.

 31If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.

 32The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller.

 33If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:

 34Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?

 35Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that mine adversary had written a book.

 36Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to me.

 37I would declare unto him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near unto him.

 38If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;

 39If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

 40Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.