Matthew Henry's Commentary
God commands Abraham to offer up Isaac. (1,2) Abraham's faith and obedience to the Divine command. (3-10) Another sacrifice
is provided instead of Isaac. (11-14) The covenant with Abraham renewed. (15-19) The family of Nahor. (20-24)
Verse 1,2: We never are secure from trials In Hebrew, to tempt, and to try, or to prove, are
expressed by the same word. Every trial is indeed a temptation, and tends to show the dispositions of the heart, whether holy
or unholy. But God proved Abraham, not to draw him to sin, as Satan tempts. Strong faith is often exercised with strong trials,
and put upon hard services. The command to offer up his son, is given in such language as makes the trial more grievous; every
word here is a sword. Observe, 1. The person to be offered: Take thy son; not thy bullocks and thy lambs. How willingly would
Abraham have parted with them all to redeem Isaac! Thy son; not thy servant. Thine only son; thine only son by Sarah. Take
Isaac, that son whom thou lovest. 2. The place: three days' journey off; so that Abraham might have time to consider, and
might deliberately obey. 3. The manner: Offer him fro a burnt-offering; not only kill his son, his Isaac, but kill him as
a sacrifice; kill him with all that solemn pomp and ceremony, with which he used to offer his burnt-offerings.
Verses 3-10: Never was any gold tried in so hot a fire. Who but Abraham would not have argued
with God? Such would have been the thought of a weak heart; but Abraham knew that he had to do with a God, even Jehovah. Faith
had taught him not to argue, but to obey. He is sure that what God commands is good; that what he promises cannot be broken.
In matters of God, whoever consults with flesh and blood, will never offer up his Isaac to God. The good patriarch rises early,
and begins his sad journey. And now he travels three days, and Isaac still is in his sight! Misery is made worse when long
continued. The expression, We will come again to you, shows that Abraham expected that Isaac, being raised from the dead,
would return with him. It was a very affecting question that Isaac asked him, as they were going together: "My father,"
said Isaac; it was a melting word, which, one would think, should strike deeper in the heart of Abraham, than his knife could
in the heart of Isaac. Yet he waits for his son's question. Then Abraham, where he meant not, prophesies: "My son, God
will provide a lamb for a burnt-offering." The Holy Spirit, by his mouth, seems to predict the Lamb of God, which he
has provided, and which taketh away the sin of the world. Abraham lays the wood in order for his Isaac's funeral pile, and
now tells him the amazing news: Isaac, thou art the lamb which God has provided! Abraham, no doubt, comforting him with the
same hopes with which he himself by faith was comforted. Yet it is necessary that the sacrifice be bound. The great Sacrifice,
which, in the fulness of time, was to be offered up, must be bound, and so must Isaac. This being done, Abraham takes the
knife, and stretches out his hand to give the fatal blow. Here is an act of faith and obedience, which deserves to be a spectacle
to God, angels, and men. God, by his providence, calls us to part with an Isaac sometimes, and we must do it with cheerful
submission to his holy will, (1Sa 3:18).
It was not God's intention that Isaac should actually be sacrificed, yet nobler blood than that of animals, in due time, was
to be shed for sin, even the blood of the only begotten Son of God. But in the mean while God would not in any case have human
sacrifices used. Another sacrifice is provided. Reference must be had to the promised Messiah, the blessed Seed. Christ was
sacrificed in our stead, as this ram instead of Isaac, and his death was our discharge. And observe, that the temple, the
place of sacrifice, was afterwards built upon this same mount Moriah; and Calvary, where Christ was crucified, was near. A
new name was given to that place, for the encouragement of all believers, to the end of the world, cheerfully to trust in
God, and obey him. Jehovah-jireh, the Lord will provide; probably alluding to what Abraham had said, God will provide himself
a lamb. The Lord will always have his eye upon his people, in their straits and distresses, that he may give them seasonable
Verses 15-19: There are high declarations of God's favour to Abraham
in this confirmation of the covenant with him, exceeding any he had yet been blessed with. Those that are willing to part
with any thing for God, shall have it made up to them with unspeakable advantage. The promise, ver. (18),
doubtless points at the Messiah, and the grace of the gospel. Hereby we know the loving-kindness of God our Saviour towards
sinful man, in that he hath not withheld his Son, his only Son, from us. Hereby we perceive the love of Christ, in that he
gave himself a sacrifice for our sins. Yet he lives, and calls to sinners to come to him, and partake of his blood-bought
salvation. He calls to his redeemed people to rejoice in him, and to glorify him. What then shall we render for all his benefits?
Let his love constrain us to live not to ourselves, but to Him who died for us, and rose again. Admiring and adoring His grace,
let us devote our all to his service, who laid down his life for our salvation. Whatever is dearest to us upon earth is our
Isaac. And the only way for us to find comfort in an earthly thing, is to give it by faith into the hands of God. Yet remember
that Abraham was not justified by his readiness to obey, but by the infinitely more noble obedience of Jesus Christ; his faith
receiving this, relying on this, rejoicing in this, disposed and made him able for such wonderful self-denial and duty.
Verses 20-24: This chapter ends with some account of Nahor's family, who had settled at Haran.
This seems to be given for the connexion which it had with the church of God. From thence Isaac and Jacob took wives; and
before the account of those events this list is recorded. It shows that though Abraham saw his own family highly honoured
with privileges, admitted into covenant, and blessed with the assurance of the promise, yet he did not look with disdain upon
his relations, but was glad to hear of the increase and welfare of their families.
David Burnette's Life Application
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue
in the book of Genesis with Chapter 22 and in today's text we see that how the Lord shows Abraham in chapter
21 that He fulfills His promise with the gift of Isaac. Now in Chapter 22 we see God putting Abraham to a test of his faith.
As you read you see God telling Abraham to go and sacrifice this gift. What would Abraham do? In the past he
would not trust the Lord and try to do things on his own like he did with Hagar. In the past he would fail when being under
pressure as he did when he lied about Sarah. What would Abraham do this time with Isaac? The Lord gives Abraham
this test, as he did in the past, but this time he passes. Abraham truly has faith in the Lord and the Lord provides
a sacrifice after seeing Abraham's faith. In making application we too are put to the test when it comes to our
faith. The Lord allows situations and circumstances to happen to us to expose our heart. When we fail our test we are given
correction but the Lord loves us enough to give us the test again until we pass. The Lord provided the ram and sacrifice
in Abraham's life and He provides the sacrifice in our life if we just trust Him. How about you? Do you see this
tests in your life? Have you failed the test? Do you see the key to pass the test is faith in the Lord? If so trust God and
let Him provide the sacrifice for you situation in your life. Then walk in victory having faith in the Lord :)
it came to pass after these things, that God did tempt Abraham, and said unto him, Abraham: and he said, Behold, here I am.
2And he said, Take now thy son, thine only
son Isaac, whom thou lovest, and get thee into the land of Moriah; and offer him there for a burnt offering upon one of the
mountains which I will tell thee of.
Abraham rose up early in the morning, and saddled his ass, and took two of his young men with him, and Isaac his son, and
clave the wood for the burnt offering, and rose up, and went unto the place of which God had told him.
4Then on the third day Abraham lifted up his eyes, and saw the place afar off.
5And Abraham said unto his young men, Abide
ye here with the ass; and I and the lad will go yonder and worship, and come again to you.
6And Abraham took the wood of the burnt offering, and laid it upon Isaac his son;
and he took the fire in his hand, and a knife; and they went both of them together.
7And Isaac spake unto Abraham his father, and said, My father: and he said, Here am I, my son. And
he said, Behold the fire and the wood: but where is the lamb for a burnt offering?
8And Abraham said, My son, God will provide himself a lamb for a burnt offering: so they went both
of them together.
9And they came to the place
which God had told him of; and Abraham built an altar there, and laid the wood in order, and bound Isaac his son, and laid
him on the altar upon the wood.
stretched forth his hand, and took the knife to slay his son.
the angel of the LORD called unto him out of heaven, and said, Abraham, Abraham: and he said, Here am I.
12And he said, Lay not thine hand upon the lad, neither do thou any thing unto
him: for now I know that thou fearest God, seeing thou hast not withheld thy son, thine only son from me.
13And Abraham lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold behind him a ram caught
in a thicket by his horns: and Abraham went and took the ram, and offered him up for a burnt offering in the stead of his
14And Abraham called the name of that
place Jehovahjireh: as it is said to this day, In the mount of the LORD it shall be seen.
15And the angel of the LORD called unto Abraham out of heaven the second time,
16And said, By myself have I sworn, saith
the LORD, for because thou hast done this thing, and hast not withheld thy son, thine only son:
17That in blessing I will bless thee, and in multiplying I will multiply thy seed
as the stars of the heaven, and as the sand which is upon the sea shore; and thy seed shall possess the gate of his enemies;
18And in thy seed shall all the nations of
the earth be blessed; because thou hast obeyed my voice.
Abraham returned unto his young men, and they rose up and went together to Beersheba; and Abraham dwelt at Beersheba.
20And it came to pass after these things, that it was told Abraham, saying, Behold,
Milcah, she hath also born children unto thy brother Nahor;
his firstborn, and Buz his brother, and Kemuel the father of Aram,
22And Chesed, and Hazo, and Pildash, and Jidlaph, and Bethuel.
23And Bethuel begat Rebekah: these eight Milcah did bear to Nahor, Abraham's brother.
24And his concubine, whose name was Reumah,
she bare also Tebah, and Gaham, and Thahash, and Maachah.
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