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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis Chapter 20

Abraham's sojourn at Gerar, Sarah is taken by Abimelech. (1-8) Abimelech's rebuke to Abraham. (9-13) Abimelech restores Sarah. (14-18)

Verses 1-8: Crooked policy will not prosper: it brings ourselves and others into danger. God gives Abimelech notice of his danger of sin, and his danger of death for his sin. Every wilful sinner is a dead man, but Abimelech pleads ignorance. If our consciences witness, that, however we may have been cheated into a snare, we have not knowingly sinned against God, it will be our rejoicing in the day of evil. It is matter of comfort to those who are honest, that God knows their honesty, and will acknowledge it. It is a great mercy to be hindered from committing sin; of this God must have the glory. But if we have ignorantly done wrong, that will not excuse us, if we knowingly persist in it. He that does wrong, whoever he is, prince or peasant, shall certainly receive for the wrong which he has done, unless he repent, and, if possible, make restitution.

Verses 9-13: See here much to blame, even in the father of the faithful. Mark his distrust of God, his undue care about life, his intent to deceive. He also threw temptation in the way of others, caused affliction to them, exposed himself and Sarah to just rebukes, and yet attempted an excuse. These things are written for our warning, not for us to imitate. Even Abraham hath not whereof to glory. He cannot be justified by his works, but must be indebted for justification, to that righteousness which is upon all and unto all them that believe. We must not condemn all as hypocrites who fall into sin, if they do not continue in it. But let the unhumbled and impenitent take heed that they do not sin on, thinking that grace may abound. Abimelech, being warned of God, takes the warning; and being truly afraid of sin and its consequences, he rose early to pursue the directions given him.

Verses 14-18: We often trouble ourselves, and even are led into temptation and sin, by groundless suspicions; and find the fear of God where we expected it not. Agreements to deceive generally end in shame and sorrow; and restraints from sin, though by suffering, should be thankfully acknowledged. Though the Lord rebuke, yet he will pardon and deliver his people, and he will give them favour in the sight of those with whom they sojourn; and overrule their infirmities, when they are humbled for them, so that they shall prove useful to themselves and others


David Burnette's Life Application

Repetitive Sin


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Genesis with Chapter 20 and in today's text we see Abraham and his continued sin of Lying. When fearful, Abraham lied thinking he would be killed for have Sarah as his wife by Abimelech and we see Abraham sin. Just as he did in chapter 12,  Abraham lied about Sarah being his wife by calling her his sister. You would think after all Abraham had seen the Lord do in his life, the promises that God had made to him, and seen fulfilled, that Abraham would trust the Lord to protect him. Yet when under pressure he sinned by lying. In making application we can learn by Abraham's tendency to commit the same sin repetitively . When we sin we can ask for forgiveness but let us not forget our tendency to give in to that sin again. In making application I have learned that we all have the tendency towards repetitive sin. What I have learned is that I need to take steps to not be placed in that situation again, learn scripture that deals with that sin, and pray for protection daily to avoid the besetting sin. For example the person who has a tendency to sin with alcohol should avoid bars and friends who would tempt him to drink. How about you? Do you have a sin that you struggle with? If so purpose in your heart to take steps to avoid being placed in a place of failure? Stay humble before the Lord, Pray and focus on Him when faced with temptation.

 

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Genesis 20


Genesis 20

 1And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

 2And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, She is my sister: and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.

 3But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to him, Behold, thou art but a dead man, for the woman which thou hast taken; for she is a man's wife.

 4But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, LORD, wilt thou slay also a righteous nation?

 5Said he not unto me, She is my sister? and she, even she herself said, He is my brother: in the integrity of my heart and innocency of my hands have I done this.

 6And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I thee not to touch her.

 7Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine.

 8Therefore Abimelech rose early in the morning, and called all his servants, and told all these things in their ears: and the men were sore afraid.

 9Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.

 10And Abimelech said unto Abraham, What sawest thou, that thou hast done this thing?

 11And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the fear of God is not in this place; and they will slay me for my wife's sake.

 12And yet indeed she is my sister; she is the daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother; and she became my wife.

 13And it came to pass, when God caused me to wander from my father's house, that I said unto her, This is thy kindness which thou shalt shew unto me; at every place whither we shall come, say of me, He is my brother.

 14And Abimelech took sheep, and oxen, and menservants, and womenservants, and gave them unto Abraham, and restored him Sarah his wife.

 15And Abimelech said, Behold, my land is before thee: dwell where it pleaseth thee.

 16And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a thousand pieces of silver: behold, he is to thee a covering of the eyes, unto all that are with thee, and with all other: thus she was reproved.

 17So Abraham prayed unto God: and God healed Abimelech, and his wife, and his maidservants; and they bare children.

 18For the LORD had fast closed up all the wombs of the house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.