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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis Chapter 33

The friendly meeting of Jacob and Esau. (1-16) Jacob comes to Succoth and Shalem, He builds an altar. (17-20)

Verses 1-16: Jacob, having by prayer committed his case to God, went on his way. Come what will, nothing can come amiss to him whose heart is fixed, trusting in God. Jacob bowed to Esau. A humble, submissive behaviour goes far towards turning away wrath. Esau embraced Jacob. God has the hearts of all men in his hands, and can turn them when and how he pleases. It is not in vain to trust in God, and to call upon him in the day of trouble. And when a man's ways please the Lord he maketh even his enemies to be at peace with him. Esau receives Jacob as a brother, and much tenderness passes between them. Esau asks, Who are those with thee? To this common question, Jacob spoke like himself, like a man whose eyes are ever directed towards the Lord. Jacob urged Esau, though his fear was over, and he took his present. It is well when men's religion makes them generous, free-hearted, and open-handed. But Jacob declined Esau's offer to accompany him. It is not desirable to be too intimate with superior ungodly relations, who will expect us to join in their vanities, or at least to wink at them, though they blame, and perhaps mock at, our religion. Such will either be a snare to us, or offended with us. We shall venture the loss of all things, rather than endanger our souls, if we know their value; rather than renounce Christ, if we truly love him. And let Jacob's care and tender attention to his family and flocks remind us of the good Shepherd of our souls, who gathers the lambs with his arm, and carries them in his bosom, and gently leads those that are with young, (Isa 40:11). As parents, teachers or pastors, we should all follow his example.

Verses 17-20: Jacob did not content himself with words of thanks for God's favour to him, but gave real thanks. Also he kept up religion, and the worship of God in his family. Where we have a tent, God must have an altar. Jacob dedicated this altar to the honour of El-elohe-Israel, God, the God of Israel; to the honour of God, the only living and true God; and to the honour of the God of Israel, as a God in covenant with him. Israel's God is Israel's glory. Blessed be his name, he is still the mighty God, the God of Israel. May we praise his name, and rejoice in his love, through our pilgrimage here on earth, and for ever in the heavenly Canaan.


David Burnette's Life Application

Avoid Bitterness


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Genesis with Chapter 33 and in today's text we see Esau's change of heart when Jacob comes to meet him. Esau could of easily been bitter, full of rage, ready to take vengeance on Jacob but instead Esau has learned to not be bitter and is content with his life. In making application we can learn from Esau. In the world we live all of us will face bad situations at the hands of others. People will mistreat you and then you will have to make the decision to forgive. If not, we will hold the person that did us wrong as a prisoner in our mind and become bitter. We can become bitter or we can forgive and become better from the circumstance. I have often heard that bitterness compared to drinking poison thinking it will kill someone else. Bitterness hurts you and you alone. It has also been medically proven that bitterness has many negative physical effects on our health. How about you? Have you been mistreated? If so, are you bitter? Let us learn from Esau and today's text to forgive those who do us wrong and if we do we will reap the benefits of our decision. More importantly we will miss the poison of bitterness. 

 

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Genesis 33


Genesis 33

 1And Jacob lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, Esau came, and with him four hundred men. And he divided the children unto Leah, and unto Rachel, and unto the two handmaids.

 2And he put the handmaids and their children foremost, and Leah and her children after, and Rachel and Joseph hindermost.

 3And he passed over before them, and bowed himself to the ground seven times, until he came near to his brother.

 4And Esau ran to meet him, and embraced him, and fell on his neck, and kissed him: and they wept.

 5And he lifted up his eyes, and saw the women and the children; and said, Who are those with thee? And he said, The children which God hath graciously given thy servant.

 6Then the handmaidens came near, they and their children, and they bowed themselves.

 7And Leah also with her children came near, and bowed themselves: and after came Joseph near and Rachel, and they bowed themselves.

 8And he said, What meanest thou by all this drove which I met? And he said, These are to find grace in the sight of my lord.

 9And Esau said, I have enough, my brother; keep that thou hast unto thyself.

 10And Jacob said, Nay, I pray thee, if now I have found grace in thy sight, then receive my present at my hand: for therefore I have seen thy face, as though I had seen the face of God, and thou wast pleased with me.

 11Take, I pray thee, my blessing that is brought to thee; because God hath dealt graciously with me, and because I have enough. And he urged him, and he took it.

 12And he said, Let us take our journey, and let us go, and I will go before thee.

 13And he said unto him, My lord knoweth that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with young are with me: and if men should overdrive them one day, all the flock will die.

 14Let my lord, I pray thee, pass over before his servant: and I will lead on softly, according as the cattle that goeth before me and the children be able to endure, until I come unto my lord unto Seir.

 15And Esau said, Let me now leave with thee some of the folk that are with me. And he said, What needeth it? let me find grace in the sight of my lord.

 16So Esau returned that day on his way unto Seir.

 17And Jacob journeyed to Succoth, and built him an house, and made booths for his cattle: therefore the name of the place is called Succoth.

 18And Jacob came to Shalem, a city of Shechem, which is in the land of Canaan, when he came from Padanaram; and pitched his tent before the city.

 19And he bought a parcel of a field, where he had spread his tent, at the hand of the children of Hamor, Shechem's father, for an hundred pieces of money.

 20And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.