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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Genesis Chapter 10

The sons of Noah, of Japheth, of Ham. (1-7) Nimrod the first monarch. (8-14) The descendants of Canaan, The sons of Shem. (15-32)

Verses 1-7: This chapter shows concerning the three sons of Noah, that of them was the whole earth overspread. No nation but that of the Jews can be sure from which of these seventy it has come. The lists of names of fathers and sons were preserved of the Jews alone, for the sake of the Messiah. Many learned men, however, have, with some probability, shown which of the nations of the earth descended from each of the sons of Noah To the posterity of Japheth were allotted the isles of the gentiles; probably, the island of Britain among the rest. All places beyond the sea from Judea are called isles, (Jer 25:22). That promise, (Isa 42:4), The isles shall wait for his law, speaks of the conversion of the gentiles to the faith of Christ.

Verses 8-14: Nimrod was a great man in his day; he began to be mighty in the earth, Those before him were content to be upon the same level with their neighbours, and though every man bare rule in his own house, yet no man pretended any further. Nimrod was resolved to lord it over his neighbours. The spirit of the giants before the flood, who became mighty men, and men of renown, (Ge 6:4), revived in him. Nimrod was a great hunter. Hunting then was the method of preventing the hurtful increase of wild beasts. This required great courage and address, and thus gave an opportunity for Nimrod to command others, and gradually attached a number of men to one leader. From such a beginning, it is likely, that Nimrod began to rule, and to force others to submit. He invaded his neighbours' rights and properties, and persecuted innocent men; endeavouring to make all his own by force and violence. He carried on his oppressions and violence in defiance of God himself. Nimrod was a great ruler. Some way or other, by arts or arms, he got into power, and so founded a monarchy, which was the terror of the mighty, and bid fair to rule all the world. Nimrod was a great builder. Observe in Nimrod the nature of ambition. It is boundless; much would have more, and still cries, Give, give. It is restless; Nimrod, when he had four cities under his command, could not be content till he had four more. It is expensive; Nimrod will rather be at the charge of rearing cities, than not have the honour of ruling them. It is daring, and will stick at nothing. Nimrod's name signifies rebellion; tyrants to men are rebels to God. The days are coming, when conquerors will no longer be spoken of with praise, as in man's partial histories, but be branded with infamy, as in the impartial records of the Bible.

Verses 15-32: The posterity of Canaan were numerous, rich, and pleasantly seated; yet Canaan was under a Divine curse, and not a curse causeless. Those that are under the curse of God, may, perhaps, thrive and prosper in this world; for we cannot know love or hatred, the blessing or the curse, by what is before us, but by what is within us. The curse of God always works really, and always terribly. Perhaps it is a secret curse, a curse to the soul, and does not work so that others can see it; or a slow curse, and does not work soon; but sinners are reserved by it for a day of wrath Canaan here has a better land than either Shem or Japheth, and yet they have a better lot, for they inherit the blessing. Abram and his seed, God's covenant people, descended from Eber, and from him were called Hebrews. How much better it is to be like Eber, the father of a family of saints and honest men, than the father of a family of hunters after power, worldly wealth, or vanities. Goodness is true greatness.


David Burnette's Life Application

Sin's Influence


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Genesis with Chapter 10 and in today's text we see the genealogy of the sons of Noah. As in many families Shem and Japheth took the right path while Ham chose a sinful path and his family tree contains many enemies of the people of God through out the ages. I look at Noah the great hero of the faith in chapter 9 who sinned and then was drunk which led to Ham's Sin and curse. It shows us that even people used of God still sin and make bad choices and these choices have long lasting consequences. In making application of today's text to my life I am reminded that I must guard my heart from sin and live Humbly before my God. Not just for my life but the life of my kids also. My sin affects their lives. How about you? Do you live humbly and guard your heart from sin? Remember your kids and future generations will be affected by the sins we commit. Let us focus and live righteously before our God for it affects our families for years to come.

 

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Genesis 10


Genesis 10

 1Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.

 2The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.

 3And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.

 4And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

 5By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

 6And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.

 7And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.

 8And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.

 9He was a mighty hunter before the LORD: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the LORD.

 10And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.

 11Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,

 12And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.

 13And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,

 14And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.

 15And Canaan begat Sidon his first born, and Heth,

 16And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,

 17And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,

 18And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.

 19And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.

 20These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.

 21Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.

 22The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.

 23And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.

 24And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.

 25And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan.

 26And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,

 27And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,

 28And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,

 29And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.

 30And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.

 31These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.

 32These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.