Dave Burnette's Commentary

Jeremiah Chapter 49

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Jeremiah
Date Penned: (627-586 BC)
Overview: To Urge God's People to Turn from Sin to God (c 1-52)
Theme: God's Judgement on the Nations (c 46-52)
Message: Other Nations (v 1-39)

Jeremiah 49 Commentary

(49:1)  The Ammonites - The Ammonites were descendants of Lot through an incestuous relationship with one of his daughters (as were the Moabites; see Genesis 19:30-38). They were condemned for stealing land from God's people and for worshiping the god Molech, to whom they sacrificed children. 

(49:7) The Edomites - The Israelites descended from Jacob, and the Edomites descended from his twin brother, Esau; thus, both nations descended from their father, Isaac. There was constant conflict between these nations, and Edom rejoiced at the fall of Jerusalem (see the book of Obadiah). Teman, a town in the northern part of Edom, was known for its wisdom and was the hometown of Eliphaz, one of Job's friends (Job 2:11). But even the wisdom of Teman could not save Edom from God's wrath. 

(49:8) Teman and Dedan - Dedan was a flourishing city that supported caravan travel. God told its inhabitants to flee to the caves or they would also be destroyed. Teman and Dedan were at opposite ends of the country, so this shows the completeness of God's destruction of Edom. Bozrah (49:13) was a town in northern Edom. 

(49:16) Petra - The land of Edom contained a rock fortress known today as Petra, in southern Jordan. The Edomites thought their fortress was invincible because of its location, but Edom was ultimately destroyed because of its pride. Pride destroys individuals as well as nations. It makes us think we can take care of ourselves without God's help. Even serving God and others can lead us to an elevated view of our own importance. Take inventory of your life and service for God. Ask him to point out and remove any pride you may be harboring. 

(49:23-26) Damascus - Damascus was the capital of Syria, north of Israel. This city was defeated by both Assyria and Babylon. Nebuchadrezzar attacked and defeated Damascus in 605 BC (Amos 1:4-5). It is difficult to attribute the defeat of the army to a particular event, but God utterly destroyed the nation of Syria. 

(49:28-33) Hazor - Kedar was a nomadic nation from the desert east of Israel and south of Syria. Kedar was also known as the "kingdoms of Hazor," not to be confused with the ancient city of Hazor in northern Galilee. In 599 BC Nebuchadrezzar completely destroyed Kedar. 

(49:34) Elam - Elam lay east of Babylon and was attacked by Nebuchadrezzar in 597 BC. Later, Elam became the nucleus of the Persian Empire (Daniel 8:2) and the residence of Darius. 49:38 The throne represents God's judgment and sovereignty. God would preside over Elam's destruction. He has always been the King over all kings, including Elam's


David Burnette's Life Application

Pride Cometh Before a Fall

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the Book of Jeremiah 49 and in our text today we see the God's Judgement on the Nations who oppose Him. What catches my eye is verse 16 where we see the nation of Edom destroyed because of its Pride. It is destructive because Pride is a type of self worship when we put ourselves above others and the Lord. This principle is carried through out the Bible with the Truth that Pride cometh before a fall. How about you? Have you let pride creep into your life? Let us learn from our text today and the and the example of the nation of Edom to remember that Pride Cometh Before a Fall.


Jeremiah 49

Jeremiah 49

 1Concerning the Ammonites, thus saith the LORD; Hath Israel no sons? hath he no heir? why then doth their king inherit Gad, and his people dwell in his cities?

 2Therefore, behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will cause an alarm of war to be heard in Rabbah of the Ammonites; and it shall be a desolate heap, and her daughters shall be burned with fire: then shall Israel be heir unto them that were his heirs, saith the LORD.

 3Howl, O Heshbon, for Ai is spoiled: cry, ye daughters of Rabbah, gird you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and fro by the hedges; for their king shall go into captivity, and his priests and his princes together.

 4Wherefore gloriest thou in the valleys, thy flowing valley, O backsliding daughter? that trusted in her treasures, saying, Who shall come unto me?

 5Behold, I will bring a fear upon thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts, from all those that be about thee; and ye shall be driven out every man right forth; and none shall gather up him that wandereth.

 6And afterward I will bring again the captivity of the children of Ammon, saith the LORD.

 7Concerning Edom, thus saith the LORD of hosts; Is wisdom no more in Teman? is counsel perished from the prudent? is their wisdom vanished?

 8Flee ye, turn back, dwell deep, O inhabitants of Dedan; for I will bring the calamity of Esau upon him, the time that I will visit him.

 9If grapegatherers come to thee, would they not leave some gleaning grapes? if thieves by night, they will destroy till they have enough.

 10But I have made Esau bare, I have uncovered his secret places, and he shall not be able to hide himself: his seed is spoiled, and his brethren, and his neighbours, and he is not.

 11Leave thy fatherless children, I will preserve them alive; and let thy widows trust in me.

 12For thus saith the LORD; Behold, they whose judgment was not to drink of the cup have assuredly drunken; and art thou he that shall altogether go unpunished? thou shalt not go unpunished, but thou shalt surely drink of it.

 13For I have sworn by myself, saith the LORD, that Bozrah shall become a desolation, a reproach, a waste, and a curse; and all the cities thereof shall be perpetual wastes.

 14I have heard a rumour from the LORD, and an ambassador is sent unto the heathen, saying, Gather ye together, and come against her, and rise up to the battle.

 15For, lo, I will make thee small among the heathen, and despised among men.

 16Thy terribleness hath deceived thee, and the pride of thine heart, O thou that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, that holdest the height of the hill: though thou shouldest make thy nest as high as the eagle, I will bring thee down from thence, saith the LORD.

 17Also Edom shall be a desolation: every one that goeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss at all the plagues thereof.

 18As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith the LORD, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.

 19Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan against the habitation of the strong: but I will suddenly make him run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? for who is like me? and who will appoint me the time? and who is that shepherd that will stand before me?

 20Therefore hear the counsel of the LORD, that he hath taken against Edom; and his purposes, that he hath purposed against the inhabitants of Teman: Surely the least of the flock shall draw them out: surely he shall make their habitations desolate with them.

 21The earth is moved at the noise of their fall, at the cry the noise thereof was heard in the Red sea.

 22Behold, he shall come up and fly as the eagle, and spread his wings over Bozrah: and at that day shall the heart of the mighty men of Edom be as the heart of a woman in her pangs.

 23Concerning Damascus. Hamath is confounded, and Arpad: for they have heard evil tidings: they are fainthearted; there is sorrow on the sea; it cannot be quiet.

 24Damascus is waxed feeble, and turneth herself to flee, and fear hath seized on her: anguish and sorrows have taken her, as a woman in travail.

 25How is the city of praise not left, the city of my joy!

 26Therefore her young men shall fall in her streets, and all the men of war shall be cut off in that day, saith the LORD of hosts.

 27And I will kindle a fire in the wall of Damascus, and it shall consume the palaces of Benhadad.

 28Concerning Kedar, and concerning the kingdoms of Hazor, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon shall smite, thus saith the LORD; Arise ye, go up to Kedar, and spoil the men of the east.

 29Their tents and their flocks shall they take away: they shall take to themselves their curtains, and all their vessels, and their camels; and they shall cry unto them, Fear is on every side.

 30Flee, get you far off, dwell deep, O ye inhabitants of Hazor, saith the LORD; for Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath taken counsel against you, and hath conceived a purpose against you.

 31Arise, get you up unto the wealthy nation, that dwelleth without care, saith the LORD, which have neither gates nor bars, which dwell alone.

 32And their camels shall be a booty, and the multitude of their cattle a spoil: and I will scatter into all winds them that are in the utmost corners; and I will bring their calamity from all sides thereof, saith the LORD.

 33And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it.

 34The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against Elam in the beginning of the reign of Zedekiah king of Judah, saying,

 35Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Behold, I will break the bow of Elam, the chief of their might.

 36And upon Elam will I bring the four winds from the four quarters of heaven, and will scatter them toward all those winds; and there shall be no nation whither the outcasts of Elam shall not come.

 37For I will cause Elam to be dismayed before their enemies, and before them that seek their life: and I will bring evil upon them, even my fierce anger, saith the LORD; and I will send the sword after them, till I have consumed them:

 38And I will set my throne in Elam, and will destroy from thence the king and the princes, saith the LORD.

 39But it shall come to pass in the latter days, that I will bring again the captivity of Elam, saith the LORD.