Dave Burnette's Commentary

Micah Chapter 1

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Micah
Date Penned: BC 742-687
Overview: To Warn God's People of Judgement and to Repent (c 1-7)
Theme: The Trial of the Captives (c 1-2)
Message: Grief Over Samaria and Jerusalem (v 1-16)

Micah: Chapter 1 Commentary

(1:1) Micah and Isaiah lived at the same time, about 750-680 BC and undoubtedly know of each other. Micah directed his message mainly to Judah, the Southern Kingdom, but he also had some words for Israel, the Northern Kingdom. Judah enjoyed great prosperity at this time. Of the three kings mentioned, Jotham (750-735) and Hezekiah (715-686) tried to follow God (2 Kings 15) but Ahaz (735-715) was one of the most evil kings ever to reign in Judah (2 Kings 16)

(1:3-4) Jerusalem was the capital city of Judah (Southern Kingdom) and Samaria was the capital city of Israel (Northern Kingdom). The destruction of Samaria was literally fulfilled during Micah's lifetime, in 722 BC (2 Kings 17) just as he had predicted.

(1:5) There are two sins identified in Micah's message - the perversion of worship and injustice toward others which was rampant in the capital cities. Thes sins infiltrated and infected the entire country

(1:9) Samaria's sins were beyond healing and God's judgement on the city had already begun. Its sin was not like a gash in the skin, but more like a stab wound in a vital organ, Sin had caused an injury that would soon prove fatal (Samaris was, in fact, destroyed early in Micah's ministry) Tragically, Samaria's sin had influenced Jerusalem, and judgement would come to its very gates. This probably refers to Sennacherib's siege in 701 BC (2 Kings 18)

(1:10-12) Micah declares God's judgement on city after city because of the people's sins.

(1:13) The people of Lachish influenced many to follow their evil example. We often do the same when we sin. Regardless of whether you consider yourself a leader, your daily actions and words are observed by others more than you suspect, and they may choose to follow your example, whether you know it or not.

(1:14) Moresheth-gath was Micah's hometown 

(1:15) This verse can also be translated "the glory of Israel will enter Adullam" The terrain surrounding Adullam had numerous caves. Micah was wearing that when the enemy approached, Judah's proud princes would be forced to flee and hide in these caves.

(1:16) Micah pictured the devastating sorrow of parents seeing their children taken away to be slaves in a distant land. This happened frequently in both Israel and Judah. most horribly when each nation was completely conquered - Israel in 722 BC and Judah in 586 BC

Dave Burnette's Life Application

A Loving Message

 Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we start the book of Micah with Chapter 1. In our text today we see Micah delivering the word of the Lord to Judah and Samaria  explaining the Lords disapproval of their sin just as a lawyer would in a Court case. In making application we see that the Lord still hates sin but loves the sinner warning them to repent before it is too late. In making application we see the Lord is still delivering His loving message through the pages of the Bible telling us of our sin and to repent before it is too late. How about you? Do you see the warning of the Lord through His Word, the Bible. Let us learn from our text today and the Message of the Bible where the Lord explains how He loves us, how we are sinners, and Jesus-Christ who has paid the price for our sins if we would call on him to be saved.   


Micah 1

Micah 1

 1The word of the LORD that came to Micah the Morasthite in the days of Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, which he saw concerning Samaria and Jerusalem.

 2Hear, all ye people; hearken, O earth, and all that therein is: and let the Lord GOD be witness against you, the LORD from his holy temple.

 3For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of his place, and will come down, and tread upon the high places of the earth.

 4And the mountains shall be molten under him, and the valleys shall be cleft, as wax before the fire, and as the waters that are poured down a steep place.

 5For the transgression of Jacob is all this, and for the sins of the house of Israel. What is the transgression of Jacob? is it not Samaria? and what are the high places of Judah? are they not Jerusalem?

 6Therefore I will make Samaria as an heap of the field, and as plantings of a vineyard: and I will pour down the stones thereof into the valley, and I will discover the foundations thereof.

 7And all the graven images thereof shall be beaten to pieces, and all the hires thereof shall be burned with the fire, and all the idols thereof will I lay desolate: for she gathered it of the hire of an harlot, and they shall return to the hire of an harlot.

 8Therefore I will wail and howl, I will go stripped and naked: I will make a wailing like the dragons, and mourning as the owls.

 9For her wound is incurable; for it is come unto Judah; he is come unto the gate of my people, even to Jerusalem.

 10Declare ye it not at Gath, weep ye not at all: in the house of Aphrah roll thyself in the dust.

 11Pass ye away, thou inhabitant of Saphir, having thy shame naked: the inhabitant of Zaanan came not forth in the mourning of Bethezel; he shall receive of you his standing.

 12For the inhabitant of Maroth waited carefully for good: but evil came down from the LORD unto the gate of Jerusalem.

 13O thou inhabitant of Lachish, bind the chariot to the swift beast: she is the beginning of the sin to the daughter of Zion: for the transgressions of Israel were found in thee.

 14Therefore shalt thou give presents to Moreshethgath: the houses of Achzib shall be a lie to the kings of Israel.

 15Yet will I bring an heir unto thee, O inhabitant of Mareshah: he shall come unto Adullam the glory of Israel.

 16Make thee bald, and poll thee for thy delicate children; enlarge thy baldness as the eagle; for they are gone into captivity from thee.