Matthew Henry's Commentary
he restoration of the church. (1-5) A promise concerning the Messiah. (6-10)
The angel showed Joshua, the high priest, to Zechariah, in a vision. Guilt and corruption are great discouragements when we
stand before God. By the guilt of the sins committed by us, we are liable to the justice of God; by the power of sin that
dwells in us, we are hateful to the holiness of God. Even God's Israel are in danger on these accounts; but they have relief
from Jesus Christ, who is made of God to us both righteousness and sanctification. Joshua, the high priest, is accused as
a criminal, but is justified. When we stand before God, to minister to him, or stand up for God, we must expect to meet all
the resistance Satan's subtlety and malice can give. Satan is checked by one that has conquered him, and many times silenced
him. Those who belong to Christ, will find him ready to appear for them, when Satan appears most strongly against them. A
converted soul is a brand plucked out of the fire by a miracle of free grace, therefore shall not be left a prey to Satan.
Joshua appears as one polluted, but is purified; he represents the Israel of God, who are all as an unclean thing, till they
are washed and sanctified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. Israel now were free from idolatry,
but there were many things amiss in them. There were spiritual enemies warring against them, more dangerous than any neighbouring
nations. Christ loathed the filthiness of Joshua's garments, yet did not put him away. Thus God by his grace does with those
whom he chooses to be priests to himself. The guilt of sin is taken away by pardoning mercy, and the power of it is broken
by renewing grace. Thus Christ washes those from their sins in his own blood, whom he makes kings and priests to our God.
Those whom Christ makes spiritual priests, are clothed with the spotless robe of his righteousness, and appear before God
in that; and with the graces of his Spirit, which are ornaments to them. The righteousness of saints, both imputed and implanted,
is the fine linen, clean and white, with which the bride, the Lamb's wife, is arrayed, (Re 19:8).
Joshua is restored to former honours and trusts. The crown of the priesthood is put on him. When the Lord designs to restore
and revive religion, he stirs up prophets and people to pray for it.
All whom God calls to any office he finds fit, or makes so. The Lord will cause the sins of the believer to pass away by his
sanctifying grace, and will enable him to walk in newness of life. As the promises made to David often pass into promises
of the Messiah, so the promises to Joshua look forward to Christ, of whose priesthood Joshua's was a shadow. Whatever trials
we pass through, whatever services we perform, our whole dependence must rest on Christ, the Branch of righteousness. He is
God's servant, employed in his work, obedient to his will, devoted to his honour and glory. He is the Branch from which all
our fruit must be gathered. The eye of his Father was upon him, especially in his sufferings, and when he was buried in the
grave, as the foundation-stones are under ground, out of men's sight. But the prophecy rather denotes the attention paid to
this precious Corner-stone. All believers, from the beginning, had looked forward to it in the types and predictions. All
believers, after Christ's coming, would look to it with faith, hope, and love. Christ shall appear for all his chosen, as
the high priest when before the Lord, with the names of all Israel graven in the precious stones of his breastplate. When
God gave a remnant to Christ, to be brought through grace to glory, then he engraved this precious stone. By him sin shall
be taken away, both the guilt and the dominion of it; he did it in one day, that day in which he suffered and died. What should
terrify when sin is taken away? Then nothing can hurt, and we sit down under Christ's shadow with delight, and are sheltered
by it. And gospel grace, coming with power, makes men forward to draw others to it.
David Burnette's Life Application
Pure Linen of God's Righteousness
Each day we walk through the Bible
chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each
day's text. Today we continue in the book ofZechariah with Chapter 3. In our text today Zechariah sees a vision of Joshua
, the High Priest, standing before God with his filthy rags being exchanged for fine new clothes with Satan's accusations
being rejected before God. In making application we see how as saved individuals our sins are washed away and the Lord sees
us as redeemed with Satan's accusations falling on deaf ear. How about you? Do you see yourself as saved with your sins forgiven?
Let us learn from our text today and the Vision of Zechariah who give us a picture of how the Lord see us as saved in garments
of pure linen of God's Righteousness.
he shewed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist
2And the LORD said unto Satan, The LORD
rebuke thee, O Satan; even the LORD that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee: is not this a brand plucked out of the fire?
3Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel.
4And he answered and spake unto those that stood before him, saying, Take away
the filthy garments from him. And unto him he said, Behold, I have caused thine iniquity to pass from thee, and I will clothe
thee with change of raiment.
5And I said,
Let them set a fair mitre upon his head. So they set a fair mitre upon his head, and clothed him with garments. And the angel
of the LORD stood by.
6And the angel of the
LORD protested unto Joshua, saying,
saith the LORD of hosts; If thou wilt walk in my ways, and if thou wilt keep my charge, then thou shalt also judge my house,
and shalt also keep my courts, and I will give thee places to walk among these that stand by.
8Hear now, O Joshua the high priest, thou, and thy fellows that sit before thee:
for they are men wondered at: for, behold, I will bring forth my servant the BRANCH.
9For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven
eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in
10In that day, saith the LORD of
hosts, shall ye call every man his neighbour under the vine and under the fig tree.