Dave Burnette's Commentary

Isaiah Chapter 37

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Isaiah
Date Penned: (700-681 BC)
Overview: To Tell of God's Salvation through the Messiah (c 1-66)
Theme: Words of Judgment (c 1-39)
Message: God Will Deliver Jerusalem (v 1-38)

Isaiah 37 Commentary 

(37:3) Don't Give Up - Hezekiah compared Judah to a woman who is trying to give birth to a child but is too weak to deliver. When the situation seemed hopeless, Hezekiah didn't give up. Instead, he asked the prophet Isaiah to pray that God would help his people. No matter how bad your circumstances seem, don't despair. Turn to God and ask for help and deliverance. 

(37:4) Turning to God - Hezekiah did exactly what Isaiah had been calling the people to do (Isaiah 1-35). He turned to God and watched him come to Judah's aid. Turning to God means believing that God is present and that he will help us. 

(37:8-10) Prayer and Faith - Although the answer to Hezekiah's prayer was already in motion because Tirhakah was poised to attack, Hezekiah did not know it. He persisted in prayer and faith even though he could not see the answer coming. When we pray, we must trust that God has already prepared the best answer. Our task is to ask in faith and wait in humility. 

(37:16) Cherubims - Cherubims are mighty angelic beings. The phrase "dwellest between the cherubims" refers to the mercy seat on the ark of the covenant, which was kept in the Jerusalem temple and symbolized God's holiness, power, and sovereignty. 

(37:29) A Hook and Bit - This was a common method of torture the Assyrians used on their captives. The captives were often led away with hooks in their noses or bits in their mouths to hurt and humiliate them. The Lord was threatening to do to the Assyrians what they had done to others. 

(37:30-32) Under Siege - The Assyrians placed Jerusalem under siege, which means that the army surrounded the city, slowly undercut its military defenses, and eventually tunneled through its walls. The people in the city would likely be forced to surrender soon because the Assyrian army cut off their food supply. The Assyrians were also eating their crops, taken from the surrounding fields. This prophecy most likely means that the siege would be lifted in the second year, but it would be too late in the season to plant crops. The people of Jerusalem would not be able to plant and harvest until the third year. 

(37:35) Insulting God - God would defend Jerusalem for the sake of his own reputation and to fulfill his promise to David (2 Samuel 7:5-16). Because the Assyrians had insulted God, they would be rejected as his instrument to punish Jerusalem. What the people of Jerusalem could not possibly do, God would do for them. God is prepared to do the impossible if we trust him enough to ask. 

(37:38) Sennacherib's Death - The death of Sennacherib was prophesied by Isaiah in 10:12,33:34 and in 3727. His death is also recorded in 2 Kings 19.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

Answered Prayer

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today, we continue in the Book of Isaiah with Chapter 37. In our text today, we see how God will deliver Jerusalem as Hezekiah prayed and rent (tore) his clothes for God to intervene with Judah. In making application, we see that the Lord hears our prayers and intervenes when earnestly praying for the will of God to be done. Today, we have the completed Canon of Scriptures with the Word of God, our Bible. We can pray boldly and expect the Lord to intervene if we pray according to His Word and His Will. How about you? Do you pray by the Word of God? Let us learn from our text today and the example of Hezekiah to boldly approach the throne of grace and mercy and have our prayers answered as we pray according to His Word and His Will


Isaiah 37

Isaiah 37

 1And it came to pass, when king Hezekiah heard it, that he rent his clothes, and covered himself with sackcloth, and went into the house of the LORD.

 2And he sent Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and the elders of the priests covered with sackcloth, unto Isaiah the prophet the son of Amoz.

 3And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day is a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and there is not strength to bring forth.

 4It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up thy prayer for the remnant that is left.

 5So the servants of king Hezekiah came to Isaiah.

 6And Isaiah said unto them, Thus shall ye say unto your master, Thus saith the LORD, Be not afraid of the words that thou hast heard, wherewith the servants of the king of Assyria have blasphemed me.

 7Behold, I will send a blast upon him, and he shall hear a rumour, and return to his own land; and I will cause him to fall by the sword in his own land.

 8So Rabshakeh returned, and found the king of Assyria warring against Libnah: for he had heard that he was departed from Lachish.

 9And he heard say concerning Tirhakah king of Ethiopia, He is come forth to make war with thee. And when he heard it, he sent messengers to Hezekiah, saying,

 10Thus shall ye speak to Hezekiah king of Judah, saying, Let not thy God, in whom thou trustest, deceive thee, saying, Jerusalem shall not be given into the hand of the king of Assyria.

 11Behold, thou hast heard what the kings of Assyria have done to all lands by destroying them utterly; and shalt thou be delivered?

 12Have the gods of the nations delivered them which my fathers have destroyed, as Gozan, and Haran, and Rezeph, and the children of Eden which were in Telassar?

 13Where is the king of Hamath, and the king of Arphad, and the king of the city of Sepharvaim, Hena, and Ivah?

 14And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD.

 15And Hezekiah prayed unto the LORD, saying,

 16O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, that dwellest between the cherubims, thou art the God, even thou alone, of all the kingdoms of the earth: thou hast made heaven and earth.

 17Incline thine ear, O LORD, and hear; open thine eyes, O LORD, and see: and hear all the words of Sennacherib, which hath sent to reproach the living God.

 18Of a truth, LORD, the kings of Assyria have laid waste all the nations, and their countries,

 19And have cast their gods into the fire: for they were no gods, but the work of men's hands, wood and stone: therefore they have destroyed them.

 20Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the LORD, even thou only.

 21Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Whereas thou hast prayed to me against Sennacherib king of Assyria:

 22This is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him; The virgin, the daughter of Zion, hath despised thee, and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee.

 23Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted thy voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? even against the Holy One of Israel.

 24By thy servants hast thou reproached the Lord, and hast said, By the multitude of my chariots am I come up to the height of the mountains, to the sides of Lebanon; and I will cut down the tall cedars thereof, and the choice fir trees thereof: and I will enter into the height of his border, and the forest of his Carmel.

 25I have digged, and drunk water; and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of the besieged places.

 26Hast thou not heard long ago, how I have done it; and of ancient times, that I have formed it? now have I brought it to pass, that thou shouldest be to lay waste defenced cities into ruinous heaps.

 27Therefore their inhabitants were of small power, they were dismayed and confounded: they were as the grass of the field, and as the green herb, as the grass on the housetops, and as corn blasted before it be grown up.

 28But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me.

 29Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.

 30And this shall be a sign unto thee, Ye shall eat this year such as groweth of itself; and the second year that which springeth of the same: and in the third year sow ye, and reap, and plant vineyards, and eat the fruit thereof.

 31And the remnant that is escaped of the house of Judah shall again take root downward, and bear fruit upward:

 32For out of Jerusalem shall go forth a remnant, and they that escape out of mount Zion: the zeal of the LORD of hosts shall do this.

 33Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning the king of Assyria, He shall not come into this city, nor shoot an arrow there, nor come before it with shields, nor cast a bank against it.

 34By the way that he came, by the same shall he return, and shall not come into this city, saith the LORD.

 35For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.

 36Then the angel of the LORD went forth, and smote in the camp of the Assyrians a hundred and fourscore and five thousand: and when they arose early in the morning, behold, they were all dead corpses.

 37So Sennacherib king of Assyria departed, and went and returned, and dwelt at Nineveh.

 38And it came to pass, as he was worshipping in the house of Nisroch his god, that Adrammelech and Sharezer his sons smote him with the sword; and they escaped into the land of Armenia: and Esarhaddon his son reigned in his stead.