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Dave Burnette's Commentary

Exodus Chapter 29

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Moses
Date Penned: (1450-1410 BC)
Overview: The Record of God's Deliverance of Israel (c 1-40)
Theme: Israel at Sinai (c 19-40)
Message: The Dedication of the Priests  (v 1-46)

Exodus 29 Commentary

(29:1-46) The Priesthood - Why did God set up the priesthood? The people's sin prevented them from entering God's presence because no sinful person is worthy to approach a perfect God. So God appointed priests from the tribe of Levi and set up the system of sacrifices to make it possible for the people to approach him. He promised to forgive the people's sins if they would offer certain sacrifices administered by the priests on behalf of everyone else. Through these priests and their work, God wished to prepare all people for the coming of Jesus Christ, who would once and for all offer a direct relationship with God for anyone who would come to him. But until Christ came, the priests were the people's representatives before God. Through this Old Testament system, we can better understand the significance of what Christ did for us (see Hebrews 10:1-18).

(29:10-36) The Hebrews Worship -  Why were there such detailed rituals connected with these sacrifices? Partly, they were for quality control. A centralized, standardized form of worship prevented problems of belief that could arise from individuals creating their own worship practices. Also, it differentiated the Hebrews from the pagan Canaanites they would meet in the Promised Land. By closely following God's instructions, the Hebrews could not possibly join the Canaanites in their immoral religious practices. Finally, it showed Israel that God was serious about his relationship with them.

(29:37) The Holiness of God - Notice the overwhelming emphasis on the holiness of God. The priests, the clothes, the tabernacle, and the sacrifices had to be clean and consecrated, all carefully and thoughtfully prepared to be in God's presence. In contrast, today we tend to take God for granted, all too often rushing into worship with almost a casual irreverence. But we worship the almighty creator and sustainer of the universe. Remember that profound truth when you pray or worship, and come before him with reverence and repentance.

(29:45-46) The Fellowship of God - God's action in bringing the Israelites out of Egypt showed his great desire to be with them and protect them. Throughout the Bible, God shows that he is not an absentee landlord. He wants to live among us, even in our hearts. Don't exclude God from any aspect of your life. Allow him to be your God as you obey his Word and communicate with him in prayer.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

Commune with Jesus

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Exodus with Chapter 29 and in today's text we see God establishes the Priesthood of Aaron with the picture of Jesus Christ being our ultimate High Priest. Such detail is given in the sacrifices that we see the heart of God when it comes to His concern for our sin and salvation. What catches my eye today is verses 38-46 which illustrates Christ's continual intercession for the Church. In making application we see our need to respond to Christ's love toward us through our prayers and devotions to Him. Just as we partake of food we should commune with our Lord through continual prayer and meditation on the Word of God. Just as we gain nourishment from the food we eat, we also gain spiritual nourishment from His Word. How about you? Are you aware of the continual love and concern that God has for you? Let us learn from out text today seeing how much God loves us to motivate us to commune with Jesus. 


Exodus 29

Exodus 29

 1And this is the thing that thou shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,

 2And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt thou make them.

 3And thou shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.

 4And Aaron and his sons thou shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and shalt wash them with water.

 5And thou shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious girdle of the ephod:

 6And thou shalt put the mitre upon his head, and put the holy crown upon the mitre.

 7Then shalt thou take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.

 8And thou shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.

 9And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.

 10And thou shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.

 11And thou shalt kill the bullock before the LORD, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

 12And thou shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with thy finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.

 13And thou shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.

 14But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt thou burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

 15Thou shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

 16And thou shalt slay the ram, and thou shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.

 17And thou shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.

 18And thou shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto the LORD: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

 19And thou shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

 20Then shalt thou kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.

 21And thou shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed, and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.

 22Also thou shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:

 23And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before the LORD:

 24And thou shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before the LORD.

 25And thou shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before the LORD: it is an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

 26And thou shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before the LORD: and it shall be thy part.

 27And thou shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:

 28And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto the LORD.

 29And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated in them.

 30And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation to minister in the holy place.

 31And thou shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe his flesh in the holy place.

 32And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

 33And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate and to sanctify them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

 34And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then thou shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

 35And thus shalt thou do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded thee: seven days shalt thou consecrate them.

 36And thou shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement: and thou shalt cleanse the altar, when thou hast made an atonement for it, and thou shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.

 37Seven days thou shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.

 38Now this is that which thou shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.

 39The one lamb thou shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb thou shalt offer at even:

 40And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.

 41And the other lamb thou shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto the LORD.

 42This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD: where I will meet you, to speak there unto thee.

 43And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by my glory.

 44And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to me in the priest's office.

 45And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

 46And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.