Dave Burnette's Commentary

Exodus Chapter 30 

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Moses
Date Penned: (1450-1410 BC)
Overview: The Record of God's Deliverance of Israel (c 1-40)
Theme: Israel at Sinai (c 19-40)
Message: Procedures to Prepare for Worship  (v 1-38)

Exodus 30 Commentary

(30:1-10) The Day of Atonement - This once-a-year ceremony was called the Day of Atonement. On this day, a sacrifice was made for the sins of the entire Israelite nation. This was the only day the high priest could enter the most holy place, the innermost room of the tabernacle. Here he asked God to forgive the people. The Day of Atonement served as a reminder that the daily, weekly, and monthly sacrifices could cover sins only temporarily. It pointed toward Jesus Christ, the perfect atonement, who could remove sins forever.

(30:11-16) God Pays a Price - This money was like a census tax. It continued the principle that all the people belonged to God and therefore needed to be redeemed by a sacrifice. Whenever a census took place, everyone, rich and poor, was required to pay a ransom. God does not discriminate between people (see Acts 10:34; Galatians 3:28). All of us need mercy and forgiveness because of our sinful thoughts and actions. A rich person cannot buy off God, and a poor person cannot avoid paying. But because Christ became the ultimate sacrifice, he has made the payment for us. All God requires is that we come humbly before him to be forgiven and brought into his family.

(30:34-38) The Incense - The Israelites often burned incense, but the holy incense described here could be burned only in the tabernacle. God himself gave the recipe for this special incense. The sweet-smelling incense was burned in shallow dishes called censers and was used to show honor and reverence to God. It was like prayer lifting up to God. It was a vital part of the sacred ceremony on the Day of Atonement, when the high priest carried his smoking censer into the most holy place. This incense, like the sacred anointing oil, was so holy that the people were strictly forbidden to copy it for personal use.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

An Equal Opportunity

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of Exodus with Chapter 30 and in today's text we see more about the Lord as he continues to reveal Himself in the Tabernacle. We have here the Alter of Incense, the Brazen Laver, and the Oil of Perfume. What catches my eye is the tribute or offering in verse 13 that was required from each soul of the same amount. Showing that God is no respecter of persons or that we all are equal in the eyes of our Lord. In making application I see the need to share the Gospel with everyone. As God has loved me and shared the Gospel with me so I can be saved. It is His will that none should perish but have everlasting life by being saved. If we will make ourselves available God then He will use us to accomplish His Will by letting us share the Gospel with others so others can be saved. How about you? Do you see how God wants all to be saved? Do you make yourself available to share the Gospel with all? Let us learn from today's text and see others as God does - Equal to share and receive the Gospel.


Exodus 30

Exodus 30

 1And thou shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim wood shalt thou make it.

 2A cubit shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.

 3And thou shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and thou shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.

 4And two golden rings shalt thou make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt thou make it; and they shall be for places for the staves to bear it withal.

 5And thou shalt make the staves of shittim wood, and overlay them with gold.

 6And thou shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat that is over the testimony, where I will meet with thee.

 7And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.

 8And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before the LORD throughout your generations.

 9Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.

 10And Aaron shall make an atonement upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements: once in the year shall he make atonement upon it throughout your generations: it is most holy unto the LORD.

 11And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

 12When thou takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom for his soul unto the LORD, when thou numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when thou numberest them.

 13This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of the LORD.

 14Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto the LORD.

 15The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.

 16And thou shalt take the atonement money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation; that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before the LORD, to make an atonement for your souls.

 17And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

 18Thou shalt also make a laver of brass, and his foot also of brass, to wash withal: and thou shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation and the altar, and thou shalt put water therein.

 19For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:

 20When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation, they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto the LORD:

 21So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed throughout their generations.

 22Moreover the LORD spake unto Moses, saying,

 23Take thou also unto thee principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,

 24And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:

 25And thou shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.

 26And thou shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation therewith, and the ark of the testimony,

 27And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick and his vessels, and the altar of incense,

 28And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot.

 29And thou shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.

 30And thou shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office.

 31And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto me throughout your generations.

 32Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall ye make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.

 33Whosoever compoundeth any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.

 34And the LORD said unto Moses, Take unto thee sweet spices, stacte, and onycha, and galbanum; these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:

 35And thou shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy:

 36And thou shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation, where I will meet with thee: it shall be unto you most holy.

 37And as for the perfume which thou shalt make, ye shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto thee holy for the LORD.

 38Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto, shall even be cut off from his people.