Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Samuel Chapter 6

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Nathan, Zabud, & Gad 
Date Penned: (930 BC)
Overview: A Record of David's Reign (c 1-24)
Theme: David's Successes (c 1-10)
Message: David Brings the Ark to Jerusalem (v 1-23)

2 Samuel 6 Commentary

(6.3) The Ark of the Covenant - The ark of God was a national treasure in Israel and was symbolic of God's presence among the people. It was ordinarily kept in the tabernacle. When the ark was returned to Israel after a brief Philistine captivity, it was kept in Abinadab's home for 20 years (i Samuel 41-7:2). By bringing the ark to Jerusalem, David demonstrated that both the people of Israel and he as their king were submitted completely to God's rule unlike during Saul's reign. David also demonstrated his desire for God's close presence and blessing. (See the notes on Exodus 37:1 and Joshua 3:2-4 for more information on the ark.)

(6:6-7) Uzzah Receives Harsh Punishment - Uzzah was only trying to protect the ark, so was God's anger against Uzzah just? According to Numbers 415-15, the ark was to be moved only by the Levites, who were to carry it using the carrying poles- they were never to touch the ark itself. To touch it was a capital offense under Hebrew law (Numbers 4:15). God's action was directed against both David and Uzzah. David placed the ark on a cart, following the Philistines' example (1 Samuel 6:7-8) rather than God's commands. Uzzah, though sincere in his desire to protect the ark, had to face the consequences of the sin of touching it. Also, Uzzah may not have been a Levite. As David sought to bring Israel back into a relationship with God, God had to dramatically remind him and the people that enthusiasm must be accompanied by obedience to his laws. The next time David tried to bring the ark to Jerusalem, he was careful to handle it correctly ( Chronicles 15:1-15).

(6:8-12) David Sees God's Wrath - David was angry that a well-meaning man had been killed and that his plans for a joyous return of the ark had been spoiled. He undoubtedly knew that the fault was his own for transporting the ark carelessly. After cooling down, he had the ark put into temporary storage while he waited to see if the Lord would allow him to bring it to Jerusalem. This also gave David time to consider the right way to transport the ark. The fact that God blessed the home of Obed-edom was a sign to David that he could try once again to move the ark to Jerusalem.

(6:14) David Wears the Ephod - David wore a linen ephod, the priest's apron, because the celebration was national and religious. Perhaps he had removed his royal clothing as an act of sincerity and humility.

(6:16-23) Michal Shows Contempt Toward David - Michal was David's first wife, but here she is called "Saul's daughter," possibly to show how similar her attitude was to her father's. Her contempt for David probably did not start with David's stand entrance into the city. Perhaps she thought it was undignified to be so expressive in public worship at a time when it was so neglected in the kingdom. Or maybe she thought it was not fitting for a king to display such emotion. She may also have resented David's taking her from Phaltiel, who loved her (see the note on 3:13-16). Whatever the reason, this contempt she felt toward her husband escalated into a difficult confrontation, and Michal ended up childless for life. Feelings of bitterness and resentment that go unchecked will destroy a person's relationship with God and with others. If you have these feelings, go to someone you trust, and deal with them before they escalate into open warfare.

(6:17) David Offers a Sacrifice - Only a priest could place the sacrifices on the altar. Leviticus 1:2-13 indicates that anyone who was ceremonially clean could assist a priest in offering the sacrifice (see the notes on Joshua 3:5 and 1 Samuel 20:26). So David probably offered these sacrifices to God with the aid of a priest. Solomon would do the same (1 Kings 8:62-65).

(6:20-22) Michal Resents David's Public Worship - Michal was disgusted with David as he led the ark's procession into Jerusalem. Like her father, Saul, she was concerned only about outward appearances. But David focused on the inward condition of his heart before God. He was willing to look foolish in the eyes of some in order to worship God more fully and honestly. People may worship God in ways that look foolish to us because we have a different culture or tradition from theirs. We should accept their heartfelt expressions of worship. We should also not be afraid to express our feelings of love and devotion toward God even when others are present.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

A Holy God of Wrath

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter, making application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Today we continue in the book of 2nd Samuel with Chapter 6. In our text, David brings the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem. What catches my eye is Uzzah touching the Ark, which was forbidden, and the Lord smote him. In making an application, we see that God is a Holy God. He does judge sin, and His judgment is swift and just. Today we live in the Church Age, which is a day of grace. God is holding his wrath because of what Christ did and your opportunity for Salvation. When death comes to your door, you will experience the same fury that Uzzah did in our text today. The good news is that saved individuals will escape the judgment of God to spend eternity with Jesus, our Savior. How about you? Have you escaped the wrath of God through your Salvation of Christ? Let us learn from our text today that establishes that God is and He does judge sin and the sinner.


2 Samuel 6

2 Samuel 6

 1Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

 2And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of the LORD of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.

 3And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.

 4And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.

 5And David and all the house of Israel played before the LORD on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

 6And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.

 7And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.

 8And David was displeased, because the LORD had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.

 9And David was afraid of the LORD that day, and said, How shall the ark of the LORD come to me?

 10So David would not remove the ark of the LORD unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.

 11And the ark of the LORD continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and the LORD blessed Obededom, and all his household.

 12And it was told king David, saying, The LORD hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.

 13And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of the LORD had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.

 14And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

 15So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of the LORD with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.

 16And as the ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before the LORD; and she despised him in her heart.

 17And they brought in the ark of the LORD, and set it in his place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before the LORD.

 18And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the LORD of hosts.

 19And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.

 20Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!

 21And David said unto Michal, It was before the LORD, which chose me before thy father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of the LORD, over Israel: therefore will I play before the LORD.

 22And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which thou hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.

 23Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.