Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Samuel Chapter 22

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Nathan, Zabud, & Gad 
Date Penned: (930 BC)
Overview: A Record of David's Reign (c 1-24)
Theme: David's Struggles (c 11-24)
Message: David's Song of Praise (v 1-51)

2 Samuel 22 Commentary

(22:1) David and Music - David was a skilled musician who played his harp for Saul (Samuel 16:23), instituted the music programs for the tabernacle and temple (1 Chronicles 25), and wrote more of the book of Psalms than anyone else. Writing a song like this was not unusual for David. This royal hymn of thanksgiving is almost identical to Psalm 18. 

(22:22-24) David Testifies of the Goodness of God - David was not denying that he had ever sinned. Psalm 51 shows his tremendous anguish over his sin against Uriah and Bath-sheba. But David understood God's faithfulness and was writing this hymn from God's perspective. He knew that God had made him clean again- whiter than snow" (Psalm 51.7), with a "clean heart" (Psalm 51:10). Through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, we also are made clean and perfect. God replaces our sin with his purity, and he no longer sees our sin.

(22:27).God Offers Forgiveness and Restoration - "With the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury" means that to those who sin, God is a judge who will punish them for their sins. One day God will put an end to all who refuse to repent and who remain intent on doing evil. But he offers forgiveness and restoration to all who turn to him (Ezekiel 18:25-29).

(22:47).David Sings to God - David praised God wholeheartedly. Songs of praise are not just songs about God; they are songs to God. This song uses many images (shield, lamp, rock) to portray God's marvelous attributes. Praising God has several aspects to it, and here are a few ways to do it: (1) Appreciate the attributes of his divine nature. As you read the Bible, look for characteristics of God for which to thank him. (2) Focus your heart on him. Take one attribute of God, such as his mercy, and then concentrate on it for an entire week in your meditation and prayer. (3) Say thank you to God for his many gracious gifts to you. Make a list and express your gratitude to him. (4) Thank God for your relationship with him. Through Christ you have been given the gift of salvation. Tell God afresh how much you appreciate it.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

God's Song in Our Heart

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter, making application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Today we continue in the book of 2nd Samuel with Chapter 22.  In our text, we see the lyrics to many hymns and songs we sing today. David made many mistakes but was a man after God's heart. In making an application, we see that no matter what you do or how far you drift from God, God is there whenever you turn from your sin and come to Him. Unfortunately, the consequences and scars from our sins remain, but forgiveness is just a repetitive prayer away. How about you? Do you know that Jesus can and will forgive your sins and restore you in any walk of life? Let us learn from our text today and the life of David to understand that no matter what we have done in the past, we can still be forgiven and have a song of God in our hearts.


2 Samuel 22

2 Samuel 22

 1And David spake unto the LORD the words of this song in the day that the LORD had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:

 2And he said, The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;

 3The God of my rock; in him will I trust: he is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

 4I will call on the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.

 5When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;

 6The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;

 7In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried to my God: and he did hear my voice out of his temple, and my cry did enter into his ears.

 8Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven moved and shook, because he was wroth.

 9There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

 10He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.

 11And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and he was seen upon the wings of the wind.

 12And he made darkness pavilions round about him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.

 13Through the brightness before him were coals of fire kindled.

 14The LORD thundered from heaven, and the most High uttered his voice.

 15And he sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.

 16And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

 17He sent from above, he took me; he drew me out of many waters;

 18He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

 19They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.

 20He brought me forth also into a large place: he delivered me, because he delighted in me.

 21The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.

 22For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.

 23For all his judgments were before me: and as for his statutes, I did not depart from them.

 24I was also upright before him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.

 25Therefore the LORD hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in his eye sight.

 26With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful, and with the upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright.

 27With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself unsavoury.

 28And the afflicted people thou wilt save: but thine eyes are upon the haughty, that thou mayest bring them down.

 29For thou art my lamp, O LORD: and the LORD will lighten my darkness.

 30For by thee I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.

 31As for God, his way is perfect; the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all them that trust in him.

 32For who is God, save the LORD? and who is a rock, save our God?

 33God is my strength and power: and he maketh my way perfect.

 34He maketh my feet like hinds' feet: and setteth me upon my high places.

 35He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

 36Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy gentleness hath made me great.

 37Thou hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.

 38I have pursued mine enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

 39And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.

 40For thou hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast thou subdued under me.

 41Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

 42They looked, but there was none to save; even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.

 43Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth, I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.

 44Thou also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, thou hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

 45Strangers shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

 46Strangers shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.

 47The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

 48It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me.

 49And that bringeth me forth from mine enemies: thou also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.

 50Therefore I will give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and I will sing praises unto thy name.

 51He is the tower of salvation for his king: and sheweth mercy to his anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.