Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Samuel Chapter 23

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Nathan, Zabud, & Gad 
Date Penned: (930 BC)
Overview: A Record of David's Reign (c 1-24)
Theme: David's Struggles (c 11-24)
Message: David's Last Words (v 1-38)

2 Samuel 23 Commentary

(23:3) David Speaks of a Righteous Ruler - In the style of a prophet, David spoke of a just and righteous ruler. His words will be fulfilled in Jesus Christ when he returns to rule in perfect justice and peace. (For similar prophecies, see Isaiah 11:1-10; Jeremiah 23:5-6; 33:15-18; Zechariah 9:9-10. For the fulfillment of some prophecies, see Matthew 4:14-16; Luke 24:25-27. 44-49; John 5:45-47; 8:28-29.)

(23:8-39) David Acknowledges His Men - These verses tell of some of the exploits that the special corps of David's army carried out. There were two elite groups of men: "the thirty" and "the three" (23:18, 23; 1 Chronicles 11:1-25). To become a member of one of these groups, a man had to show unparalleled courage in battle as well as wisdom in leadership. "The three" was the most elite group. The list of "the thirty" actually contains 37 names, but it mentions some warriors known to have died (Uriah, for example, in 2 Samuel 23:39). Apparently new members were appointed to replace those who had fallen in battle.

(23:16) David Gives an Offering - David poured out the water as an offering to God because he was so moved by the sacrifice it represented. When the Israelites offered sacrifices, they never consumed the blood. It represented life, and they poured it out before God. David would not drink this water that represented the lives of his soldiers. Instead, he offered it to God.

Dave Burnette's Life Application

Fight the Good Fight

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter, making application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Today we continue in the book of 2nd Samuel with Chapter 23.  In our text, we see David's last words and a description of David's Mighty Men as he assembled a great army to fight the enemies of our God. In making an application, we see the need to assemble and organize many great men of God to fight the battle. Today we fight not against flesh and blood but against powers and principalities of the air, the devil, and his demons. God is in control. He will fight the battle through the Church, those in Christ, in a lost and dying world. As the leaders of the Church, we must do as David did to organize an army of soldiers of the Lord who will fight. Fighting for the lost, fighting against sin, and fighting against wickedness as we raise the Blood Stained Banner of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. How about you? Do you see the battle? Are you willing to fight? Let us learn from our text today and the army of David to remember to reach the lost, preach about sin, restore the wounded, and fight the good fight. 


2 Samuel 23

2 Samuel 23

 1Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

 2The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word was in my tongue.

 3The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

 4And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

 5Although my house be not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although he make it not to grow.

 6But the sons of Belial shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:

 7But the man that shall touch them must be fenced with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

 8These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

 9And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

 10He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

 11And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.

 12But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a great victory.

 13And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

 14And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.

 15And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!

 16And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.

 17And he said, Be it far from me, O LORD, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

 18And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.

 19Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

 20And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:

 21And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

 22These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.

 23He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

 24Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,

 25Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,

 26Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,

 27Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,

 28Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,

 29Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,

 30Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,

 31Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,

 32Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,

 33Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

 34Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

 35Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,

 36Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,

 37Zelek the Ammonite, Nahari the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,

 38Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite,

 39Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.