Dave Burnette's Commentary

2 Chronicles Chapter 20

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Ezra
Date Penned: (430 BC)
Overview: A History of God's Chosen People (c 1-36)
Theme: The Kingdom of Judah (c 10-36)
Message: Jehoshaphat Defeats Moab and Ammon  (v 1-37)

2 Chronicles 20 Commentary 

(20:3) Fasting Before the Lord - When the nation was faced with disaster, Jehoshaphat called upon the people to get serious with God by fasting going without food or drink--for a designated time. By separating themselves from the daily routine of food preparation and eating, they could devote that extra time to considering their sin and praying to God for help. Hunger pangs would reinforce their feelings of penitence and remind them of their weakness and their dependence upon God. Fasting can still be helpful today as we seek God's will in special situations and during certain seasons.

(20:6-12) Jehoshaphat's Prayer - Jehoshaphat's prayer what is the had several essential ingredients: (1) He committed the situation to God, acknowledging that only God could save the nation. (2) He sought God's favor because his people were God's people. (3) He acknowledged God's sovereignty over the current situation. (4) He praised God and took comfort in his promises. (5) He professed complete dependence on God, not himself, for deliverance. To be God's kind of leader today, follow Jehoshaphat's example--focus entirely on God's power rather than your own.

(20:15) God Fights Our Battles - As the enemy bore down on Judah, God spoke through Jahaziel: "Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle is not yours, but God's." We may not fight an enemy army, but every day we battle temptation, pressure, and "rulers of the darkness of this world" (Ephesians 6:12) who want us to rebel against God. Remember, as believers, we have God's Spirit in us. If we ask for God's help when we face struggles, God will fight for us. And God always triumphs. How do we let God fight for us? (1) By realizing that the battle is not ours, but God's; (2) by recognizing our human limitations and allowing God's strength to work through our fears and weaknesses; (3) by making sure we are pursuing God's interests and not just our own selfish desires; and (4) by asking God for help in our daily battles.

(20:33) A Failure to Follow Through - This summary says that Jehoshaphat did not remove the pagan shrines, while 17:6 and 19:3 say that he did remove them. Jehoshaphat destroyed most of the Baal and Asherah (Ashtoreth) idols, but since he did not succeed in wiping out the corrupt religions practiced at these pagan shrines, they were probably rebuilt each time he had them removed.

(20:37) Avoid Being Unequally Yoked - Jehoshaphat met disaster when he joined forces with wicked King Ahaziah. He did not learn from his disastrous alliance with Ahab (18:28-34) or from his father's alliance with Syria (16:2-9). In each case, the partnership stood on unequal footing because one man served the Lord and the other worshiped idols. We court disaster when we enter into partnerships with unbelievers because our very foundations differ (2 Corinthians 6:14-18). While one serves the Lord, the other does not recognize God's authority. Inevitably, the one who serves God is faced with the temptation to compromise values. When they do, spiritual disaster results. Before entering into partnerships, ask: (1) What are my motives? (2) What problems am I avoiding by seeking this partnership? (3) Is this partnership the best solution, or is it only a quick solution to my problem? (4) Have I prayed and asked others to pray for guidance? (5) Are my potential partner(s) and I really working toward the same goals? (6) Am I willing to settle for less physical gain in order to do what God wants?

Dave Burnette's Life Application

Let the Lord Fight Your Battles

 Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue in the book of 2 Chronicles with Chapter 20 and we see Jehoshaphat defeats Moab and Ammon. What catches my eye is how the Lord spoke through Jahaziel in verse 15 to "Be not Afraid...for the battle is not yours, but God's". In making application we see that battles we face everyday are also the Lord's. We tend to forget, that as Christians, we have Christ living in us and try to fight the enemy in our flesh. As we mature as Christians we need to understand to let the Lord fight our battles by praying and giving control to HIM. How about you? Do you attempt to fight the enemy in your flesh? Let us learn from our text today and the instruction of Jahaziel to remember the battle is the Lord's and not ours - so let the Lord fight our battles.


2 Chronicles 20

2 Chronicles 20

 1It came to pass after this also, that the children of Moab, and the children of Ammon, and with them other beside the Ammonites, came against Jehoshaphat to battle.

 2Then there came some that told Jehoshaphat, saying, There cometh a great multitude against thee from beyond the sea on this side Syria; and, behold, they be in Hazazontamar, which is Engedi.

 3And Jehoshaphat feared, and set himself to seek the LORD, and proclaimed a fast throughout all Judah.

 4And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask help of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD.

 5And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court,

 6And said, O LORD God of our fathers, art not thou God in heaven? and rulest not thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand thee?

 7Art not thou our God, who didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham thy friend for ever?

 8And they dwelt therein, and have built thee a sanctuary therein for thy name, saying,

 9If, when evil cometh upon us, as the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in thy presence, (for thy name is in this house,) and cry unto thee in our affliction, then thou wilt hear and help.

 10And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not;

 11Behold, I say, how they reward us, to come to cast us out of thy possession, which thou hast given us to inherit.

 12O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes are upon thee.

 13And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children.

 14Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of the LORD in the midst of the congregation;

 15And he said, Hearken ye, all Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem, and thou king Jehoshaphat, Thus saith the LORD unto you, Be not afraid nor dismayed by reason of this great multitude; for the battle is not yours, but God's.

 16To morrow go ye down against them: behold, they come up by the cliff of Ziz; and ye shall find them at the end of the brook, before the wilderness of Jeruel.

 17Ye shall not need to fight in this battle: set yourselves, stand ye still, and see the salvation of the LORD with you, O Judah and Jerusalem: fear not, nor be dismayed; to morrow go out against them: for the LORD will be with you.

 18And Jehoshaphat bowed his head with his face to the ground: and all Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem fell before the LORD, worshipping the LORD.

 19And the Levites, of the children of the Kohathites, and of the children of the Korhites, stood up to praise the LORD God of Israel with a loud voice on high.

 20And they rose early in the morning, and went forth into the wilderness of Tekoa: and as they went forth, Jehoshaphat stood and said, Hear me, O Judah, and ye inhabitants of Jerusalem; Believe in the LORD your God, so shall ye be established; believe his prophets, so shall ye prosper.

 21And when he had consulted with the people, he appointed singers unto the LORD, and that should praise the beauty of holiness, as they went out before the army, and to say, Praise the LORD; for his mercy endureth for ever.

 22And when they began to sing and to praise, the LORD set ambushments against the children of Ammon, Moab, and mount Seir, which were come against Judah; and they were smitten.

 23For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy them: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another.

 24And when Judah came toward the watch tower in the wilderness, they looked unto the multitude, and, behold, they were dead bodies fallen to the earth, and none escaped.

 25And when Jehoshaphat and his people came to take away the spoil of them, they found among them in abundance both riches with the dead bodies, and precious jewels, which they stripped off for themselves, more than they could carry away: and they were three days in gathering of the spoil, it was so much.

 26And on the fourth day they assembled themselves in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed the LORD: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day.

 27Then they returned, every man of Judah and Jerusalem, and Jehoshaphat in the forefront of them, to go again to Jerusalem with joy; for the LORD had made them to rejoice over their enemies.

 28And they came to Jerusalem with psalteries and harps and trumpets unto the house of the LORD.

 29And the fear of God was on all the kingdoms of those countries, when they had heard that the LORD fought against the enemies of Israel.

 30So the realm of Jehoshaphat was quiet: for his God gave him rest round about.

 31And Jehoshaphat reigned over Judah: he was thirty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned twenty and five years in Jerusalem. And his mother's name was Azubah the daughter of Shilhi.

 32And he walked in the way of Asa his father, and departed not from it, doing that which was right in the sight of the LORD.

 33Howbeit the high places were not taken away: for as yet the people had not prepared their hearts unto the God of their fathers.

 34Now the rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of Jehu the son of Hanani, who is mentioned in the book of the kings of Israel.

 35And after this did Jehoshaphat king of Judah join himself with Ahaziah king of Israel, who did very wickedly:

 36And he joined himself with him to make ships to go to Tarshish: and they made the ships in Eziongaber.

 37Then Eliezer the son of Dodavah of Mareshah prophesied against Jehoshaphat, saying, Because thou hast joined thyself with Ahaziah, the LORD hath broken thy works. And the ships were broken, that they were not able to go to Tarshish.