Dave Burnette's Commentary

Isaiah Chapter 27

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Isaiah
Date Penned: (700-681 BC)
Overview: To Tell of God's Salvation through the Messiah (c 1-66)
Theme: Words of Judgment (c 1-39)
Message: The Lord will Deliver Israel (v 1-13)

Isaiah 27 Commentary 

(27:4) God Will Deliver His People - "That day" refers to the end of the evil world as we know it. In ancient Aramean (Ugaritic) literature, leviathan was a seven-headed monster, the enemy of God's created order. Thus, Isaiah was comparing God's slaughter of the wicked to the conquering of a great enemy. This could be referring to all of Israel's enemies at the time or to the great enemy of this world, Satan. Although evil is a powerful enemy, God will crush it and abolish it from the earth forever. 

(27:2-6) The Vineyard - The trampled vineyard of Isaiah 5 will be restored in God's new earth. God will protect and care for the vineyard, his people. It will no longer produce worthless fruit but will produce enough good fruit for the whole world. And through Israel, Isaiah prophesied, Gentiles would come to know God. 

(27:8-9) God Forgives Sin - Only God can take away sin, but to be driven out of the land was considered the penalty that would purify his people. Deuteronomy 28:49-52, 64 contains God's warning about these consequences. 

(27:11) Trees -  Isaiah compares the state of Israel's spiritual life to the dead branches of a tree that are broken off and used to make fires. Trees in Scripture often represent spiritual life. We can think of the trunk as the channel of strength from God and the branches as the people who serve him. Tree branches sometimes waver and blow in the wind. Like Israel, they may dry up from internal rottenness and become useless for anything except building a fire. What kind of branch are you? If you are withering spiritually, find ways to renew your attachment to God through prayer, worship, and fellowship with other believers. 

(27:12) Purging - God's purpose in judging the earth is not vengeance but purging. He wants to correct us and bring us back to him. God does not punish us for our sin just to make us suffer, but to make the faithful better equipped for fruitful service.

Dave Burnette's Life Application


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today, we continue in the Book of Isaiah with Chapter 27. In our text today, we see how the Lord will deliver Israel. What catches my eye is verse 11, where Isaiah compares Israel's spiritual life with dead tree branches broken off and used for fuel. In making application, we see that Trees in scripture often represent spiritual life. The Truck is the channel of strength from God, and the branches are people who serve Him. Good branches allow the Holy Spirit to flow through them and produce fruit, while bad branches wither up and are used as firewood. How about you? What kind of branch are you? Let us learn from the text of Isaiah to examine our lives to see if we are yielded to the Lord, allowing Him to flow through us, to produce fruit instead of being useless for the Master's use and, ultimately, firewood.


Isaiah 27

Isaiah 27

 1In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

 2In that day sing ye unto her, A vineyard of red wine.

 3I the LORD do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

 4Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.

 5Or let him take hold of my strength, that he may make peace with me; and he shall make peace with me.

 6He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.

 7Hath he smitten him, as he smote those that smote him? or is he slain according to the slaughter of them that are slain by him?

 8In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.

 9By this therefore shall the iniquity of Jacob be purged; and this is all the fruit to take away his sin; when he maketh all the stones of the altar as chalkstones that are beaten in sunder, the groves and images shall not stand up.

 10Yet the defenced city shall be desolate, and the habitation forsaken, and left like a wilderness: there shall the calf feed, and there shall he lie down, and consume the branches thereof.

 11When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, and set them on fire: for it is a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.

 12And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel.

 13And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem.