Matthew Henry's Commentary
he happy effects of justification through faith in the righteousness of Christ. (1-5) That we are reconciled by his blood.
(6-11) The fall of Adam brought all mankind into sin and death. (12-14) The grace of God, through the righteousness of Christ,
has more power to bring salvation, than Adam's sin had to bring misery, (15-19) as grace did superabound. (20,21)
Verses 1-5: A blessed change takes place in the sinner's state, when he becomes a true believer,
whatever he has been. Being justified by faith he has peace with God. The holy, righteous God, cannot be at peace with a sinner,
while under the guilt of sin. Justification takes away the guilt, and so makes way for peace. This is through our Lord Jesus
Christ; through him as the great Peace-maker, the Mediator between God and man. The saints' happy state is a state of grace.
Into this grace we are brought, which teaches that we were not born in this state. We could not have got into it of ourselves,
but we are led into it, as pardoned offenders. Therein we stand, a posture that denotes perseverance; we stand firm and safe,
upheld by the power of the enemy. And those who have hope for the glory of God hereafter, have enough to rejoice in now. Tribulation
worketh patience, not in and of itself, but the powerful grace of God working in and with the tribulation. Patient sufferers
have most of the Divine consolations, which abound as afflictions abound. It works needful experience of ourselves. This hope
will not disappoint, because it is sealed with the Holy Spirit as a Spirit of love. It is the gracious work of the blessed
Spirit to shed abroad the love of God in the hearts of all the saints. A right sense of God's love to us, will make us not
ashamed, either of our hope, or of our sufferings for him.
Christ died for sinners; not only such as were useless, but such as were guilty and hateful; such that their everlasting destruction
would be to the glory of God's justice. Christ died to save us, not in our sins, but from our sins; and we were yet sinners
when he died for us. Nay, the carnal mind is not only an enemy to God, but enmity itself, chap. (8:7;
Col 1:21). But God designed to deliver from sin, and to work a great change. While the sinful state continues, God
loathes the sinner, and the sinner loathes God, (Zec 11:8). And that for such as these Christ
should die, is a mystery; no other such an instance of love is known, so that it may well be the employment of eternity to
adore and wonder at it. Again; what idea had the apostle when he supposed the case of some one dying for a righteous man?
And yet he only put it as a thing that might be. Was it not the undergoing this suffering, that the person intended to be
benefitted might be released therefrom? But from what are believers in Christ released by his death? Not from bodily death;
for that they all do and must endure. The evil, from which the deliverance could be effected only in this astonishing manner,
must be more dreadful than natural death. There is no evil, to which the argument can be applied, except that which the apostle
actually affirms, sin, and wrath, the punishment of sin, determined by the unerring justice of God. And if, by Divine grace,
they were thus brought to repent, and to believe in Christ, and thus were justified by the price of his bloodshedding, and
by faith in that atonement, much more through Him who died for them and rose again, would they be kept from falling under
the power of sin and Satan, or departing finally from him. The living Lord of all, will complete the purpose of his dying
love, by saving all true believers to the uttermost. Having such a pledge of salvation in the love of God through Christ,
the apostle declared that believers not only rejoiced in the hope of heaven, and even in their tribulations for Christ's sake,
but they gloried in God also, as their unchangeable Friend and all-sufficient Portion, through Christ only.
Verses 12-14: The design of what follows is plain. It is to exalt our views respecting the
blessings Christ has procured for us, by comparing them with the evil which followed upon the fall of our first father; and
by showing that these blessings not only extend to the removal of these evils, but far beyond. Adam sinning, his nature became
guilty and corrupted, and so came to his children. Thus in him all have sinned. And death is by sin; for death is the wages
of sin. Then entered all that misery which is the due desert of sin; temporal, spiritual, eternal death. If Adam had not sinned,
he had not died; but a sentence of death was passed, as upon a criminal; it passed through all men, as an infectious disease
that none escape. In proof of our union with Adam, and our part in his first transgression, observe, that sin prevailed in
the world, for many ages before the giving of the law by Moses. And death reigned in that long time, not only over adults
who wilfully sinned, but also over multitudes of infants, which shows that they had fallen in Adam under condemnation, and
that the sin of Adam extended to all his posterity. He was a figure or type of Him that was to come as Surety of a new covenant,
for all who are related to Him.
Verses 15-19: Through one man's offence,
all mankind are exposed to eternal condemnation. But the grace and mercy of God, and the free gift of righteousness and salvation,
are through Jesus Christ, as man: yet the Lord from heaven has brought the multitude of believers into a more safe and exalted
state than that from which they fell in Adam. This free gift did not place them anew in a state of trial, but fixed them in
a state of justification, as Adam would have been placed, had he stood. Notwithstanding the differences, there is a striking
similarity. As by the offence of one, sin and death prevailed to the condemnation of all men, so by the righteousness of one,
grace prevailed to the justification of all related to Christ by faith. Through the grace of God, the gift by grace has abounded
to many through Christ; yet multitudes choose to remain under the dominion of sin and death, rather than to apply for the
blessings of the reign of grace. But Christ will in nowise cast out any who are willing to come to him.
Verse 20,21: By Christ and his righteousness, we have more and greater privileges than we
lost by the offence of Adam. The moral law showed that many thoughts, tempers, words, and actions, were sinful, thus transgressions
were multiplied. Not making sin to abound the more, but discovering the sinfulness of it, even as the letting in a clearer
light into a room, discovers the dust and filth which were there before, but were not seen. The sin of Adam, and the effect
of corruption in us, are the abounding of that offence which appeared on the entrance of the law. And the terrors of the law
make gospel comforts the more sweet. Thus God the Holy Spirit has, by the blessed apostle, delivered to us a most important
truth, full of consolation, suited to our need as sinners. Whatever one may have above another, every man is a sinner against
God, stands condemned by the law, and needs pardon. A righteousness that is to justify cannot be made up of a mixture of sin
and holiness. There can be no title to an eternal reward without a pure and spotless righteousness: let us look for it, even
to the righteousness of Christ.
David Burnette's Life Application
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue
in the book of Romans with Chapter 5 and in our text we see that Faith brings joy and Adam and Christ contrasted as we see
that our sin was passed down from Adam and we are all sinners. This being said we can have peace with God through Jesus-Christ.
In making application we see our need for a savior, the separation that comes between sinful man and a Holy God, and how we
can have peace with God through our faith in the shed Blood of our Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. How about you? Have you
experienced this amazing peace of God that comes from Salvation in Jesus-Christ? Let us learn from our text today and the
peace of God and pure joy that comes from being set free from our sin though salvation in Lamb of God, Jesus-Christ.
being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ:
2By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the
glory of God.
3And not only so, but we glory
in tribulations also: knowing that tribulation worketh patience;
4And patience, experience; and experience, hope:
5And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost
which is given unto us.
6For when we were
yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly.
scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die.
8But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ
died for us.
9Much more then, being now justified
by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him.
if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved
by his life.
11And not only so, but we also
joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received the atonement.
12Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so
death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:
until the law sin was in the world: but sin is not imputed when there is no law.
14Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude
of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.
15But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead,
much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many.
16And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift: for the judgment was by
one to condemnation, but the free gift is of many offences unto justification.
17For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace
and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)
18Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness
of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
19For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be
20Moreover the law entered,
that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:
21That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal
life by Jesus Christ our Lord.