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Matthew Henry's Commentary

John Chapter 6 

ive thousand miraculously fed. (1-14) Jesus walks on the sea. (15-21) He directs to spiritual food. (22-27) His discourse with the multitude. (28-65) Many of disciples go back. (66-71)

Verses 1-14: John relates the miracle of feeding the multitude, for its reference to the following discourse. Observe the effect this miracle had upon the people. Even the common Jews expected the Messiah to come into the world, and to be a great Prophet. The Pharisees despised them as not knowing the law; but they knew most of Him who is the end of the law. Yet men may acknowledge Christ as that Prophet, and still turn a deaf ear to him.

Verses 15-21: Here were Christ's disciples in the way of duty, and Christ was praying for them; yet they were in distress. There may be perils and afflictions of this present time, where there is an interest in Christ. Clouds and darkness often surround the children of the light and of the day. They see Jesus walking on the sea. Even the approaches of comfort and deliverance often are so mistaken, as to become the occasions of fear. Nothing is more powerful to convince sinners than that word, "I am Jesus whom thou persecutest;" nothing more powerful to comfort saints than this, "I am Jesus whom thou lovest." If we have received Christ Jesus the Lord, though the night be dark, and the wind high, yet we may comfort ourselves, we shall be at the shore before long.

Verses 22-27: Instead of answering the inquiry how he came there, Jesus blamed their asking. The utmost earnestness should be employed in seeking salvation, in the use of appointed means; yet it is to be sought only as the gift of the Son of man. Him the Father has sealed, proved to be God. He declared the Son of man to be the Son of God with power.

Verses 28-35: Constant exercise of faith in Christ, is the most important and difficult part of the obedience required from us, as sinners seeking salvation. When by his grace we are enabled to live a life of faith in the Son of God, holy tempers follow, and acceptable services may be done. God, even his Father, who gave their fathers that food from heaven to support their natural lives, now gave them the true Bread for the salvation of their souls. Coming to Jesus, and believing on him, signify the same. Christ shows that he is the true Bread; he is to the soul what bread is to the body, nourishes and supports the spiritual life. He is the Bread of God. Bread which the Father gives, which he has made to be the food of our souls. Bread nourishes only by the powers of a living body; but Christ is himself living Bread, and nourishes by his own power. The doctrine of Christ crucified is now as strengthening and comforting to a believer as ever it was. He is the Bread which came down from heaven. It denotes the Divinity of Christ's person and his authority; also, the Divine origin of all the good which flows to us through him. May we with understanding and earnestness say, Lord, evermore give us this Bread.

Verses 36-46: The discovery of their guilt, danger, and remedy, by the teaching of the Holy Spirit, makes men willing and glad to come, and to give up every thing which hinders applying to him for salvation. The Father's will is, that not one of those who were given to the Son, should be rejected or lost by him. No one will come, till Divine grace has subdued, and in part changed his heart; therefore no one who comes will ever be cast out. The gospel finds none willing to be saved in the humbling, holy manner, made known therein; but God draws with his word and the Holy Ghost; and man's duty is to hear and learn; that is to say, to receive the grace offered, and consent to the promise. None had seen the Father but his beloved Son; and the Jews must expect to be taught by his inward power upon their minds, and by his word, and the ministers whom he sent among them.

Verses 47-51: The advantage of the manna was small, it only referred to this life; but the living Bread is so excellent, that the man who feedeth on it shall never die. This bread is Christ's human nature, which he took to present to the Father, as a sacrifice for the sins of the world; to purchase all things pertaining to life and godliness, for sinners of every nation, who repent and believe in him.

Verses 52-59: The flesh and blood of the Son of man, denote the Redeemer in the nature of man; Christ and him crucified, and the redemption wrought out by him, with all the precious benefits of redemption; pardon of sin, acceptance with God, the way to the throne of grace, the promises of the covenant, and eternal life. These are called the flesh and blood of Christ, because they are purchased by the breaking his body, and the shedding of his blood. Also, because they are meat and drink to our souls. Eating this flesh and drinking this blood mean believing in Christ. We partake of Christ and his benefits by faith. The soul that rightly knows its state and wants, finds whatever can calm the conscience, and promote true holiness, in the redeemer, God manifest in the flesh. Meditating upon the cross of Christ gives life to our repentance, love, and gratitude. We live by him, as our bodies live by our food. We live by him, as the members by the head, the branches by the root: because he lives we shall live also.

Verses 60-65: The human nature of Christ had not before been in heaven, but being God and man, that wondrous Person was truly said to have come down from heaven. The Messiah's kingdom was not of this world; and they were to understand by faith, what he had said of a spiritual living upon him, and his fulness. As without the soul of man the flesh is of no value, so without the quickening Spirit of God all forms of religion are dead and worthless. He who made this provision for our souls, alone can teach us these things, and draw us unto Christ, that we may live by faith in him. Let us apply to Christ, thankful that it is declared that every one who is willing to come unto him shall be made welcome.

Verses 66-71: When we admit into our minds hard thoughts of the words and works of Jesus, we enter into temptation, which, if the Lord in mercy prevent not, will end in drawing back. The corrupt and wicked heart of man often makes that an occasion for offence, which is matter of the greatest comfort. Our Lord had, in the foregoing discourse, promised eternal life to his followers; the disciples fastened on that plain saying, and resolved to cleave to him, when others fastened on hard sayings, and forsook him. Christ's doctrine is the word of eternal life, therefore we must live and die by it. If we forsake Christ, we forsake our own mercies. They believed that this Jesus was the Messiah promised to their fathers, the Son of the living God. When we are tempted to backslide or turn away, it is good to remember first principles, and to keep to them. And let us ever remember our Lord's searching question; Shall we go away and forsake our Redeemer? To whom can we go? He alone can give salvation by the forgiveness of sins. And this alone brings confidence, comfort, and joy, and bids fear and despondency flee away. It gains the only solid happiness in this world, and opens a way to the happiness of the next.

 


David Burnette's Life Application

Have You Partaken of the Bread of Life?

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of John with Chapter 6. In our text today we see Jesus feeding the five thousand, Jesus walk on water, Jesus explain how He is the Bread of life yet the Jews do not believe. In making application we see that many still refuse to believe that Jesus is the bread of life, the Messiah, the Son of God, the Son of Man, and Deity Himself. How about you? Do you believe that Jesus is who He says He is? Let us learn from our text today and the account of John who recorded the Words and Miracles of Jesus to see that Jesus is the Bread of Life and all who come to Him and receive Him will never hunger or thirst again but will receive eternal life. 

 

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John 6

John 6

 1After these things Jesus went over the sea of Galilee, which is the sea of Tiberias.

 2And a great multitude followed him, because they saw his miracles which he did on them that were diseased.

 3And Jesus went up into a mountain, and there he sat with his disciples.

 4And the passover, a feast of the Jews, was nigh.

 5When Jesus then lifted up his eyes, and saw a great company come unto him, he saith unto Philip, Whence shall we buy bread, that these may eat?

 6And this he said to prove him: for he himself knew what he would do.

 7Philip answered him, Two hundred pennyworth of bread is not sufficient for them, that every one of them may take a little.

 8One of his disciples, Andrew, Simon Peter's brother, saith unto him,

 9There is a lad here, which hath five barley loaves, and two small fishes: but what are they among so many?

 10And Jesus said, Make the men sit down. Now there was much grass in the place. So the men sat down, in number about five thousand.

 11And Jesus took the loaves; and when he had given thanks, he distributed to the disciples, and the disciples to them that were set down; and likewise of the fishes as much as they would.

 12When they were filled, he said unto his disciples, Gather up the fragments that remain, that nothing be lost.

 13Therefore they gathered them together, and filled twelve baskets with the fragments of the five barley loaves, which remained over and above unto them that had eaten.

 14Then those men, when they had seen the miracle that Jesus did, said, This is of a truth that prophet that should come into the world.

 15When Jesus therefore perceived that they would come and take him by force, to make him a king, he departed again into a mountain himself alone.

 16And when even was now come, his disciples went down unto the sea,

 17And entered into a ship, and went over the sea toward Capernaum. And it was now dark, and Jesus was not come to them.

 18And the sea arose by reason of a great wind that blew.

 19So when they had rowed about five and twenty or thirty furlongs, they see Jesus walking on the sea, and drawing nigh unto the ship: and they were afraid.

 20But he saith unto them, It is I; be not afraid.

 21Then they willingly received him into the ship: and immediately the ship was at the land whither they went.

 22The day following, when the people which stood on the other side of the sea saw that there was none other boat there, save that one whereinto his disciples were entered, and that Jesus went not with his disciples into the boat, but that his disciples were gone away alone;

 23(Howbeit there came other boats from Tiberias nigh unto the place where they did eat bread, after that the Lord had given thanks:)

 24When the people therefore saw that Jesus was not there, neither his disciples, they also took shipping, and came to Capernaum, seeking for Jesus.

 25And when they had found him on the other side of the sea, they said unto him, Rabbi, when camest thou hither?

 26Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.

 27Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.

 28Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?

 29Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.

 30They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee? what dost thou work?

 31Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

 32Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.

 33For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.

 34Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.

 35And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst.

 36But I said unto you, That ye also have seen me, and believe not.

 37All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.

 38For I came down from heaven, not to do mine own will, but the will of him that sent me.

 39And this is the Father's will which hath sent me, that of all which he hath given me I should lose nothing, but should raise it up again at the last day.

 40And this is the will of him that sent me, that every one which seeth the Son, and believeth on him, may have everlasting life: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 41The Jews then murmured at him, because he said, I am the bread which came down from heaven.

 42And they said, Is not this Jesus, the son of Joseph, whose father and mother we know? how is it then that he saith, I came down from heaven?

 43Jesus therefore answered and said unto them, Murmur not among yourselves.

 44No man can come to me, except the Father which hath sent me draw him: and I will raise him up at the last day.

 45It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me.

 46Not that any man hath seen the Father, save he which is of God, he hath seen the Father.

 47Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that believeth on me hath everlasting life.

 48I am that bread of life.

 49Your fathers did eat manna in the wilderness, and are dead.

 50This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die.

 51I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.

 52The Jews therefore strove among themselves, saying, How can this man give us his flesh to eat?

 53Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you.

 54Whoso eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, hath eternal life; and I will raise him up at the last day.

 55For my flesh is meat indeed, and my blood is drink indeed.

 56He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.

 57As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

 58This is that bread which came down from heaven: not as your fathers did eat manna, and are dead: he that eateth of this bread shall live for ever.

 59These things said he in the synagogue, as he taught in Capernaum.

 60Many therefore of his disciples, when they had heard this, said, This is an hard saying; who can hear it?

 61When Jesus knew in himself that his disciples murmured at it, he said unto them, Doth this offend you?

 62What and if ye shall see the Son of man ascend up where he was before?

 63It is the spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.

 64But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him.

 65And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father.

 66From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him.

 67Then said Jesus unto the twelve, Will ye also go away?

 68Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.

 69And we believe and are sure that thou art that Christ, the Son of the living God.

 70Jesus answered them, Have not I chosen you twelve, and one of you is a devil?

 71He spake of Judas Iscariot the son of Simon: for he it was that should betray him, being one of the twelve.