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Dave Burnette's Commentary

John Chapter 10 

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: John the Apostle
Date Penned: (85-90 AD)
Overview: Eternal Life is in Jesus-Christ Alone (c 1-21)
Theme:  Message & Ministry of Jesus Christ, The Son of God (c 2-12)
Message: Jesus is the Good Shepherd (v 1-471)

John 10 Commentary

(10:1-21) Jesus is the Good Shepherd - This chapter begins with an extended figure of speech or illustration (10:6), similar to a parable, about shepherds and sheep. John provides two aspects of the illustration: the “gate” (10:1-3) and the “shepherd” (10:3-5), each with its own interpretations—the “gate” is interpreted in 10:7-10, and the “shepherd” in 10:11-18. The entire passage calls to mind the imagery of Ezekiel 34, where the prophet castigated the false shepherds (Israel’s evil leaders) and predicted that the true Shepherd (the Messiah) would come and provide God’s people (the sheep) with genuine care and leadership. In comparison to the Pharisees, who were bad leaders of God’s people, Jesus was the true Shepherd of all God’s people. The healed man who believed in Jesus (in the previous chapter) represented all believers who would come out of Judaism to follow Jesus, as sheep follow their shepherd.

(10:22-42) Religious leaders Surround Jesus at the Temple - As this section begins, there has been a temporary stalemate between Jesus and his opponents. They have become divided, so they are unable for a time to mount an effective attack against him. It must have been a period of intense frustration for the Jewish religious leaders. Finally, an opportunity for confrontation developed one day while Jesus was visiting the Temple.


Dave Burnette's Life Application

Are You in Good Hands?

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of John with Chapter 10. In our text today we see Jesus giving us the illustration of how He is the Good Shepherd telling us of truth of how there is only one way to father and that is through the door, Jesus-Christ. The Chapter goes on to explain the Eternal Security we have in our Salvation as we are in the Hand of Jesus. In making application we see that we can live in freedom and victory in Jesus because we are Eternally Secure in Him. Jesus, who saves us is able to keep us from anything that tries to pluck us out of His hand, even ourselves. How about you? Do you see the way to Heaven is in and through the Good Shepherd? Let us learn from our text today and the words of Jesus to see that He is the Good Shepherd, the only way to Heaven, and in His Hands we are Eternally Secure in Him.


John 10

John 10

 1Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

 2But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

 3To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

 4And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

 5And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

 6This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.

 7Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

 8All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.

 9I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

 10The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

 11I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

 12But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.

 13The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.

 14I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

 15As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

 16And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

 17Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

 18No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

 19There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings.

 20And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?

 21Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?

 22And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.

 23And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.

 24Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.

 25Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.

 26But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

 27My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

 28And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

 29My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.

 30I and my Father are one.

 31Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

 32Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?

 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

 34Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?

 35If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;

 36Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?

 37If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.

 38But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.

 39Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,

 40And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode.

 41And many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.

 42And many believed on him there.