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Matthew Henry's Commentary

John Chapter 10 

he parable of the good shepherd. (1-5) Christ the Door. (6-9) Christ the good Shepherd. (10-18) The Jews' opinion concerning Jesus. (19-21) His discourse at the feast of dedication. (22-30) The Jews attempt to stone Jesus. (31-38) He departs from Jerusalem. (39-42)

Verses 1-5: Here is a parable or similitude, taken from the customs of the East, in the management of sheep. Men, as creatures depending on their Creator, are called the sheep of his pasture. The church of God in the world is as a sheep-fold, exposed to deceivers and persecutors. The great Shepherd of the sheep knows all that are his, guards them by his providence, guides them by his Spirit and word, and goes before them, as the Eastern shepherds went before their sheep, to set them in the way of his steps. Ministers must serve the sheep in their spiritual concerns. The Spirit of Christ will set before them an open door. The sheep of Christ will observe their Shepherd, and be cautious and shy of strangers, who would draw them from faith in him to fancies about him.

Verses 6-9: Many who hear the word of Christ, do not understand it, because they will not. But we shall find one scripture expounding another, and the blessed Spirit making known the blessed Jesus. Christ is the Door. And what greater security has the church of God than that the Lord Jesus is between it and all its enemies? He is a door open for passage and communication. Here are plain directions how to come into the fold; we must come in by Jesus Christ as the Door. By faith in him as the great Mediator between God and man. Also, we have precious promises to those that observe this direction. Christ has all that care of his church, and every believer, which a good shepherd has of his flock; and he expects the church, and every believer, to wait on him, and to keep in his pasture.

Verses 10-18: Christ is a good Shepherd; many who were not thieves, yet were careless in their duty, and by their neglect the flock was much hurt. Bad principles are the root of bad practices. The Lord Jesus knows whom he has chosen, and is sure of them; they also know whom they have trusted, and are sure of Him. See here the grace of Christ; since none could demand his life of him, he laid it down of himself for our redemption. He offered himself to be the Saviour; Lo, I come. And the necessity of our case calling for it, he offered himself for the Sacrifice. He was both the offerer and the offering, so that his laying down his life was his offering up himself. From hence it is plain, that he died in the place and stead of men; to obtain their being set free from the punishment of sin, to obtain the pardon of their sin; and that his death should obtain that pardon. Our Lord laid not his life down for his doctrine, but for his sheep.

Verses 19-21: Satan ruins many, by putting them out of conceit with the word and ordinances. Men would not be laughed out of their necessary food, yet suffer themselves thus to be laughed out of what is far more necessary. If our zeal and earnestness in the cause of Christ, especially in the blessed work of bringing his sheep into his fold, bring upon us evil names, let us not heed it, but remember our Master was thus reproached before us.

Verses 22-30: All who have any thing to say to Christ, may find him in the temple. Christ would make us to believe; we make ourselves doubt. The Jews understood his meaning, but could not form his words into a full charge against him. He described the gracious disposition and happy state of his sheep; they heard and believed his word, followed him as his faithful disciples, and none of them should perish; for the Son and the Father were one. Thus he was able to defend his sheep against all their enemies, which proves that he claimed Divine power and perfection equally with the Father.

Verses 31-38: Christ's works of power and mercy proclaim him to be over all, God blessed for evermore, that all may know and believe He is in the Father, and the Father in Him. Whom the Father sends, he sanctifies. The holy God will reward, and therefore will employ, none but such as he makes holy. The Father was in the Son, so that by Divine power he wrought his miracles; the Son was so in the Father, that he knew the whole of His mind. This we cannot by searching find out to perfection, but we may know and believe these declarations of Christ.

Verses 39-42: No weapon formed against our Lord Jesus shall prosper. He escaped, not because he was afraid to suffer, but because his hour was not come. And He who knew how to deliver himself, knows how to deliver the godly our of their temptations, and to make a way for them to escape. Persecutors may drive Christ and his gospel our of their own city or country, but they cannot drive him or it out of the world. When we know Christ by faith in our hearts, we find all that the Scripture saith of him is true.

 


David Burnette's Life Application

Are You in Good Hands?

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of John with Chapter 10. In our text today we see Jesus giving us the illustration of how He is the Good Shepherd telling us of truth of how there is only one way to father and that is through the door, Jesus-Christ. The Chapter goes on to explain the Eternal Security we have in our Salvation as we are in the Hand of Jesus. In making application we see that we can live in freedom and victory in Jesus because we are Eternally Secure in Him. Jesus, who saves us is able to keep us from anything that tries to pluck us out of His hand, even ourselves. How about you? Do you see the way to Heaven is in and through the Good Shepherd? Let us learn from our text today and the words of Jesus to see that He is the Good Shepherd, the only way to Heaven, and in His Hands we are Eternally Secure in Him.

 

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John 10

John 10

 1Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

 2But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

 3To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

 4And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

 5And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

 6This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.

 7Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.

 8All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.

 9I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.

 10The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.

 11I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.

 12But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.

 13The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.

 14I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.

 15As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

 16And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.

 17Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.

 18No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.

 19There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings.

 20And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?

 21Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?

 22And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication, and it was winter.

 23And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.

 24Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.

 25Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.

 26But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.

 27My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:

 28And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.

 29My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.

 30I and my Father are one.

 31Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.

 32Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?

 33The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.

 34Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?

 35If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;

 36Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?

 37If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.

 38But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.

 39Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,

 40And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode.

 41And many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.

 42And many believed on him there.