Matthew Henry's Commentary
he duties of children and parents. (1-4) Of servants and masters. (5-9) All Christians are to put on spiritual armour against
the enemies of their souls. (10-18) The apostle desires their prayers, and ends with his apostolic blessing. (19-24)
Verses 1-4: The great duty of children is, to obey their parents. That obedience includes
inward reverence, as well as outward acts, and in every age prosperity has attended those distinguished for obedience to parents.
The duty of parents. Be not impatient; use no unreasonable severities. Deal prudently and wisely with children; convince their
judgements and work upon their reason. Bring them up well; under proper and compassionate correction; and in the knowledge
of the duty God requires. Often is this duty neglected, even among professors of the gospel. Many set their children against
religion; but this does not excuse the children's disobedience, though it may be awfully occasion it. God alone can change
the heart, yet he gives his blessing to the good lessons and examples of parents, and answers their prayers. But those, whose
chief anxiety is that their children should be rich and accomplished, whatever becomes of their souls, must not look for the
blessing of God.
Verses 5-9: The duty of servants is summed up in one
word, obedience. The servants of old were generally slaves. The apostles were to teach servants and masters their duties,
in doing which evils would be lessened, till slavery should be rooted out by the influence of Christianity. Servants are to
reverence those over them. They are to be sincere; not pretending obedience when they mean to disobey, but serving faithfully.
And they must serve their masters not only when their master's eye is upon them; but must be strict in the discharge of their
duty, when he is absent and out of the way. Steady regard to the Lord Jesus Christ will make men faithful and sincere in every
station, not grudgingly or by constraint, but from a principle of love to the masters and their concerns. This makes service
easy to them, pleasing to their masters, and acceptable to the Lord Christ. God will reward even the meanest drudgery done
from a sense of duty, and with a view to glorify him. Here is the duty of masters. Act after the same manner. Be just to servants,
as you expect they should be to you; show the like good-will and concern for them, and be careful herein to approve yourselves
to God. Be not tyrannical and overbearing. You have a Master to obey, and you and they are but fellow-servants in respect
to Christ Jesus. If masters and servants would consider their duties to God, and the account they must shortly give to him,
they would be more mindful of their duty to each other, and thus families would be more orderly and happy.
Verses 10-18: Spiritual strength and courage are needed for our spiritual warfare and suffering.
Those who would prove themselves to have true grace, must aim at all grace; and put on the whole armour of God, which he prepares
and bestows. The Christian armour is made to be worn; and there is no putting off our armour till we have done our warfare,
and finished our course. The combat is not against human enemies, nor against our own corrupt nature only; we have to do with
an enemy who has a thousand ways of beguiling unstable souls. The devils assault us in the things that belong to our souls,
and labour to deface the heavenly image in our hearts. We must resolve by God's grace, not to yield to Satan. Resist him,
and he will flee. If we give way, he will get ground. If we distrust either our cause, or our Leader, or our armour, we give
him advantage. The different parts of the armour of heavy-armed soldiers, who had to sustain the fiercest assaults of the
enemy, are here described. There is none for the back; nothing to defend those who turn back in the Christian warfare. Truth,
or sincerity, is the girdle. This girds on all the other pieces of our armour, and is first mentioned. There can be no religion
without sincerity. The righteousness of Christ, imputed to us, is a breastplate against the arrows of Divine wrath. The righteousness
of Christ implanted in us, fortifies the heart against the attacks of Satan. Resolution must be as greaves, or armour to our
legs; and to stand their ground or to march forward in rugged paths, the feet must be shod with the preparation of the gospel
of peace. Motives to obedience, amidst trials, must be drawn from a clear knowledge of the gospel. Faith is all in all in
an hour of temptation. Faith, as relying on unseen objects, receiving Christ and the benefits of redemption, and so deriving
grace from him, is like a shield, a defence every way. The devil is the wicked one. Violent temptations, by which the soul
is set on fire of hell, are darts Satan shoots at us. Also, hard thoughts of God, and as to ourselves. Faith applying the
word of God and the grace of Christ, quenches the darts of temptation. Salvation must be our helmet. A good hope of salvation,
a Scriptural expectation of victory, will purify the soul, and keep it from being defiled by Satan. To the Christian armed
for defense in battle, the apostle recommends only one weapon of attack; but it is enough, the sword of the Spirit, which
is the word of God. It subdues and mortifies evil desires and blasphemous thoughts as they rise within; and answers unbelief
and error as they assault from without. A single text, well understood, and rightly applied, at once destroys a temptation
or an objection, and subdues the most formidable adversary. Prayer must fasten all the other parts of our Christian armour.
There are other duties of religion, and of our stations in the world, but we must keep up times of prayer. Though set and
solemn prayer may not be seasonable when other duties are to be done, yet short pious prayers darted out, always are so. We
must use holy thoughts in our ordinary course. A vain heart will be vain in prayer. We must pray with all kinds of prayer,
public, private, and secret; social and solitary; solemn and sudden: with all the parts of prayer; confession of sin, petition
for mercy, and thanksgiving for favours received. And we must do it by the grace of God the Holy Spirit, in dependence on,
and according to, his teaching. We must preserve in particular requests, notwithstanding discouragements. We must pray, not
for ourselves only, but for all saints. Our enemies are mighty, and we are without strength, but our Redeemer is almighty,
and in the power of his mighty we may overcome. Wherefore we must stir up ourselves. Have not we, when God has called, often
neglected to answer? Let us think upon these things, and continue our prayers with patience.
19-24: The gospel was a mystery till made known by Divine revelation; and it is the work of Christ's ministers
to declare it. The best and most eminent ministers need the prayers of believers. Those particularly should be prayed for,
who are exposed to great hardships and perils in their work. Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith. By peace, understand
all manner of peace; peace with God, peace of conscience, peace among themselves. And the grace of the Spirit, producing faith
and love, and every grace. These he desires for those in whom they were already begun. And all grace and blessings come to
the saints from God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Grace, that is, the favour of God; and all good, spiritual and temporal,
which is from it, is and shall be with all those who thus love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity, and with them only.
Put on the Armor
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue
in the book ofEphesians with Chapter 6 and in our text we see Paul finishing the letter to the
Church on Ephesus with instruction for the family, those in authority, and facing the enemy with the whole armor of God. In
making application we see that as Christians, we do face a battle everyday but our Lord will fight the enemy for us if we
choose to put on the full armor of the Lord. How about you? Do you put on this armor before you start your day? Let us learn
from our text today and the wisdom of Paul to put on the whole armor of the Lord, letting the Lord fight the enemy which will
deliver victory in our lives.
obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right.
thy father and mother; which is the first commandment with promise;
3That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.
4And, ye fathers, provoke not your children to wrath: but bring them up in the
nurture and admonition of the Lord.
be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as
6Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers;
but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;
7With good will doing service, as to the Lord, and not to men:
8Knowing that whatsoever good thing any man doeth, the same shall he receive of
the Lord, whether he be bond or free.
ye masters, do the same things unto them, forbearing threatening: knowing that your Master also is in heaven; neither is there
respect of persons with him.
brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.
on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.
12For we wrestle not against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against
powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this world, against spiritual wickedness in high places.
13Wherefore take unto you the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to withstand
in the evil day, and having done all, to stand.
therefore, having your loins girt about with truth, and having on the breastplate of righteousness;
15And your feet shod with the preparation of the gospel of peace;
16Above all, taking the shield of faith, wherewith ye shall be able to quench all
the fiery darts of the wicked.
the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God:
18Praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, and watching thereunto with all perseverance
and supplication for all saints;
me, that utterance may be given unto me, that I may open my mouth boldly, to make known the mystery of the gospel,
20For which I am an ambassador in bonds: that therein I may speak boldly, as I
ought to speak.
21But that ye also may know
my affairs, and how I do, Tychicus, a beloved brother and faithful minister in the Lord, shall make known to you all things:
22Whom I have sent unto you for the same purpose,
that ye might know our affairs, and that he might comfort your hearts.
23Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
24Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.