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Dave Burnette's Commentary

Matthew Chapter 21

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Matthew (Levi)
Date Penned: (60-65 AD)
Overview: Jesus Christ the King (c 1-28)
Theme: Message and Ministry of Jesus, The King (c 4-25)
Message: Jesus Arrives to Jerusalem and continues to Minister  (v 1-35)

Matthew 21 Commentary
(21:1-11) Jesus Rides into Jerusalem on a Donkey - This was the first day of the week that Jesus would be crucified (commonly known now as Palm Sunday), and the great Passover festival was about to begin. Jews would come to Jerusalem from all over the Roman world during this week-long celebration to remember the great Exodus from Egypt (see Exodus 12:37-51). Matthew concentrated chapters 21 and 22 in the Temple area to show Jesus’ authority and superiority over the Jewish leaders and their way of thinking.

(21:12-17) Jesus Clears the Temple Again - Jesus entered the great city and went to the Temple, entering its outer courts, as did many in the crowd. People came to the Temple in Jerusalem to offer sacrifices. God had originally instructed the people to bring sacrifices from their own flocks (Deuteronomy 12:5-7). However, the religious leadership had established four markets on the Mount of Olives where such animals could be purchased. This greatly angered Jesus.

(21:18-22) Jesus Says the Disciples can Pray for Anything - After their stay in Bethany overnight (21:17), Jesus and the disciples got up and headed back into Jerusalem. Bethany was about two miles outside of Jerusalem, making it a suburb of the city.

(21:23-27) Religious Leaders Challenge Jesus' Authority - The basic theme of this whole section is that Jesus was taking on the religious leaders at their own game and defeating them with their own logic. Jesus was triumphant in his dealings with them, and this angered them even more.

(21:28-32)  Jesus Tells the Parable of the Two Sons - Jesus continued his conversation with the religious leaders who had attempted to trip him up with a trick question (21:23-27). This parable was spoken directly to them, and it showed them their true position in the Kingdom of Heaven.

(21:33-46) Jesus Tells the Parable of the Evil Farmers - In this parable, Jesus displayed his knowledge of the religious leaders’ murderous plot (21:45).


Dave Burnette's Life Application

Jesus is the Messiah

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of Matthew with Chapter 21. In our text today we see Jesus riding into Jerusalem on a donkey, casting our the money changers in the temple, rebuke the Religious leaders, and tell a parable of His upcoming crucifixion. In making application we see Jesus as the Messiah, fulfilling prophesy, rebuking, exhorting, and telling of His upcoming sacrifice for the sin of mankind but still many refused to believe who is said He is, the Messiah. Today many still refuse to believe that Jesus is the Messiah and deity. How about you? Do you believe that Jesus is the Messiah? Let us learn from our text today and the Words and Action of Jesus to see that He is the Messiah and your only way to have your sins forgiven and spend eternity with Him. 


Matthew 21

Matthew 21

 1And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem, and were come to Bethphage, unto the mount of Olives, then sent Jesus two disciples,

 2Saying unto them, Go into the village over against you, and straightway ye shall find an ass tied, and a colt with her: loose them, and bring them unto me.

 3And if any man say ought unto you, ye shall say, The Lord hath need of them; and straightway he will send them.

 4All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying,

 5Tell ye the daughter of Sion, Behold, thy King cometh unto thee, meek, and sitting upon an ass, and a colt the foal of an ass.

 6And the disciples went, and did as Jesus commanded them,

 7And brought the ass, and the colt, and put on them their clothes, and they set him thereon.

 8And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way; others cut down branches from the trees, and strawed them in the way.

 9And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.

 10And when he was come into Jerusalem, all the city was moved, saying, Who is this?

 11And the multitude said, This is Jesus the prophet of Nazareth of Galilee.

 12And Jesus went into the temple of God, and cast out all them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves,

 13And said unto them, It is written, My house shall be called the house of prayer; but ye have made it a den of thieves.

 14And the blind and the lame came to him in the temple; and he healed them.

 15And when the chief priests and scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying in the temple, and saying, Hosanna to the son of David; they were sore displeased,

 16And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings thou hast perfected praise?

 17And he left them, and went out of the city into Bethany; and he lodged there.

 18Now in the morning as he returned into the city, he hungered.

 19And when he saw a fig tree in the way, he came to it, and found nothing thereon, but leaves only, and said unto it, Let no fruit grow on thee henceforward for ever. And presently the fig tree withered away.

 20And when the disciples saw it, they marvelled, saying, How soon is the fig tree withered away!

 21Jesus answered and said unto them, Verily I say unto you, If ye have faith, and doubt not, ye shall not only do this which is done to the fig tree, but also if ye shall say unto this mountain, Be thou removed, and be thou cast into the sea; it shall be done.

 22And all things, whatsoever ye shall ask in prayer, believing, ye shall receive.

 23And when he was come into the temple, the chief priests and the elders of the people came unto him as he was teaching, and said, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this authority?

 24And Jesus answered and said unto them, I also will ask you one thing, which if ye tell me, I in like wise will tell you by what authority I do these things.

 25The baptism of John, whence was it? from heaven, or of men? And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say unto us, Why did ye not then believe him?

 26But if we shall say, Of men; we fear the people; for all hold John as a prophet.

 27And they answered Jesus, and said, We cannot tell. And he said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things.

 28But what think ye? A certain man had two sons; and he came to the first, and said, Son, go work to day in my vineyard.

 29He answered and said, I will not: but afterward he repented, and went.

 30And he came to the second, and said likewise. And he answered and said, I go, sir: and went not.

 31Whether of them twain did the will of his father? They say unto him, The first. Jesus saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That the publicans and the harlots go into the kingdom of God before you.

 32For John came unto you in the way of righteousness, and ye believed him not: but the publicans and the harlots believed him: and ye, when ye had seen it, repented not afterward, that ye might believe him.

 33Hear another parable: There was a certain householder, which planted a vineyard, and hedged it round about, and digged a winepress in it, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country:

 34And when the time of the fruit drew near, he sent his servants to the husbandmen, that they might receive the fruits of it.

 35And the husbandmen took his servants, and beat one, and killed another, and stoned another.

 36Again, he sent other servants more than the first: and they did unto them likewise.

 37But last of all he sent unto them his son, saying, They will reverence my son.

 38But when the husbandmen saw the son, they said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and let us seize on his inheritance.

 39And they caught him, and cast him out of the vineyard, and slew him.

 40When the lord therefore of the vineyard cometh, what will he do unto those husbandmen?

 41They say unto him, He will miserably destroy those wicked men, and will let out his vineyard unto other husbandmen, which shall render him the fruits in their seasons.

 42Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

 43Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.

 44And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.

 45And when the chief priests and Pharisees had heard his parables, they perceived that he spake of them.

 46But when they sought to lay hands on him, they feared the multitude, because they took him for a prophet.