Matthew Henry's Commentary
The same great doctrines, as in St. Paul's epistles, are here applied to same practical purposes. And this epistle
is remarkable for the sweetness, gentleness, and humble love, with which it is written. It gives a short, and yet a very clear
summary, both of the consolations and the instructions needful for the encouragement and direction of a Christian in his journey
to heaven, raising his thoughts and desires to that happiness, and strengthening him against all opposition in the way, both
from corruption within, and temptations and afflictions without.
he apostle blesses God for his special benefits through Christ. (1-9) Salvation by Christ foretold in ancient prophecy. (10-12)
All are exhorted to holy conversation. (13-16) Such as is suitable to their principles, privileges, and obligations. (17-25)
Verses 1-9: This epistle is addressed to believers in general, who are
strangers in every city or country where they live, and are scattered through the nations. These are to ascribe their salvation
to the electing love of the Father, the redemption of the Son, and the sanctification of the Holy Ghost; and so to give glory
to one God in three Persons, into whose name they had been baptized. Hope, in the world's phrase, refers only to an uncertain
good, for all worldly hopes are tottering, built upon sand, and the worldling's hopes of heaven are blind and groundless conjectures.
But the hope of the sons of the living God is a living hope; not only as to its object, but as to its effect also. It enlivens
and comforts in all distresses, enables to meet and get over all difficulties. Mercy is the spring of all this; yea, great
mercy and manifold mercy. And this well-grounded hope of salvation, is an active and living principle of obedience in the
soul of the believer. The matter of a Christian's joy, is the remembrance of the happiness laid up for him. It is incorruptible,
it cannot come to nothing, it is an estate that cannot be spent. Also undefiled; this signifies its purity and perfection.
And it fadeth not; is not sometimes more or less pleasant, but ever the same, still like itself. All possessions here are
stained with defects and failings; still something is wanting: fair houses have sad cares flying about the gilded and ceiled
roofs; soft beds and full tables, are often with sick bodies and uneasy stomachs. All possessions are stained with sin, either
in getting or in using them. How ready we are to turn the things we possess into occasions and instruments of sin, and to
think there is no liberty or delight in their use, without abusing them! Worldly possessions are uncertain and soon pass away,
like the flowers and plants of the field. That must be of the greatest worth, which is laid up in the highest and best place,
in heaven. Happy are those whose hearts the Holy Spirit sets on this inheritance. God not only gives his people grace, but
preserves them unto glory. Every believer has always something wherein he may greatly rejoice; it should show itself in the
countenance and conduct. The Lord does not willingly afflict, yet his wise love often appoints sharp trials, to show his people
their hearts, and to do them good at the latter end. Gold does not increase by trial in the fire, it becomes less; but faith
is made firm, and multiplied, by troubles and afflictions. Gold must perish at last, and can only purchase perishing things,
while the trial of faith will be found to praise, and honour, and glory. Let this reconcile us to present afflictions. Seek
then to believe Christ's excellence in himself, and his love to us; this will kindle such a fire in the heart as will make
it rise up in a sacrifice of love to him. And the glory of God and our own happiness are so united, that if we sincerely seek
the one now, we shall attain the other when the soul shall no more be subject to evil. The certainty of this hope is as if
believers had already received it.
Verses 10-12: Jesus Christ was the
main subject of the prophets' studies. Their inquiry into the sufferings of Christ and the glories that should follow, would
lead to a view of the whole gospel, the sum whereof is, That Christ Jesus was delivered for our offences, and raised again
for our justification. God is pleased to answer our necessities rather than our requests. The doctrine of the prophets, and
that of the apostles, exactly agree, as coming from the same Spirit of God. The gospel is the ministration of the Spirit;
its success depends upon his operation and blessing. Let us then search diligently those Scriptures which contain the doctrines
Verses 13-16: As the traveller, the racer, the warrior,
and the labourer, gathered in their long and loose garments, that they might be ready in their business, so let Christians
do by their minds and affections. Be sober, be watchful against all spiritual dangers and enemies, and be temperate in all
behaviour. Be sober-minded in opinion, as well as in practice, and humble in your judgment of yourselves. A strong and perfect
trust in the grace of God, is agreeable with best endeavours in our duty. Holiness is the desire and duty of every Christian.
It must be in all affairs, in every condition, and towards all people. We must especially watch and pray against the sins
to which we are inclined. The written word of God is the surest rule of a Christian's life, and by this rule we are commanded
to be holy every way. God makes those holy whom he saves.
Holy confidence in God as a Father, and awful fear of him as a Judge, agree together; and to regard God always as a Judge,
makes him dear to us as a Father. If believers do evil, God will visit them with corrections. Then, let Christians not doubt
God's faithfulness to his promises, nor give way to enslaving dread of his wrath, but let them reverence his holiness. The
fearless professor is defenceless, and Satan takes him captive at his will; the desponding professor has no heart to avail
himself of his advantages, and is easily brought to surrender. The price paid for man's redemption was the precious blood
of Christ. Not only openly wicked, but unprofitable conversation is highly dangerous, though it may plead custom. It is folly
to resolve, I will live and die in such a way, because my forefathers did so. God had purposes of special favour toward his
people, long before he made manifest such grace unto them. But the clearness of light, the supports of faith, the power of
ordinances, are all much greater since Christ came upon earth, than they were before. The comfort is, that being by faith
made one with Christ, his present glory is an assurance that where he is we shall be also, (Joh 14:3).
The soul must be purified, before it can give up its own desires and indulgences. And the word of God planted in the heart
by the Holy Ghost, is a means of spiritual life, stirring up to our duty, working a total change in the dispositions and affections
of the soul, till it brings to eternal life. In contrast with the excellence of the renewed spiritual man, as born again,
observe the vanity of the natural man. In his life, and in his fall, he is like grass, the flower of grass, which soon withers
and dies away. We should hear, and thus receive and love, the holy, living word, and rather hazard all than lose it; and we
must banish all other things from the place due to it. We should lodge it in our hearts as our only treasures here, and the
certain pledge of the treasure of glory laid up for believers in heaven.
David Burnette's Life Application
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we start
the book of 1 Peter with Chapter 1 and in our text we see Peter expounding on the hope of eternal life and a call to Holy
Living as he reminds us that we are redeemed by the blood of Christ through the Word of God which liveth and abideth forever.
In making application we see that as Christians we are called to be holy for He is holy. Our lives should be lived in submission
and obedience to the Lord who gave His life for our souls. How about you? Are you living for the Lord? Let us learn from our
text today and the reminder from Peter that our Hope and Salvation is from the Lord which should motivate to live lives of
obedience to our savior as we submit to Him and be Holy as He is Holy.
1 Peter 1
an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,
2Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification
of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
3Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, which according
to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead,
4To an inheritance incorruptible, and undefiled, and that fadeth not away,
reserved in heaven for you,
5Who are kept
by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
6Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold
7That the trial of your faith,
being much more precious than of gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire, might be found unto praise and honour
and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ:
having not seen, ye love; in whom, though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:
9Receiving the end of your faith, even the
salvation of your souls.
10Of which salvation
the prophets have enquired and searched diligently, who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you:
11Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was
in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, and the glory that should follow.
12Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they
did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost
sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
13Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to
be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ;
obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:
15But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner
16Because it is written,
Be ye holy; for I am holy.
17And if ye call
on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here
18Forasmuch as ye know that ye were
not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;
19But with the precious blood of Christ, as
of a lamb without blemish and without spot:
verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,
21Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave
him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.
ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love
one another with a pure heart fervently:
born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
24For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of
grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
25But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached