Matthew Henry's Commentary
he opening of the seals, The first, second, third, and fourth. (1-8) The fifth. (9-11) The sixth. (12-17)
Verses 1-8: Christ, the Lamb, opens the first seal: observe what appeared. A rider on a white
horse. By the going forth of this white horse, a time of peace, or the early progress of the Christian religion, seems to
be intended; its going forth in purity, at the time when its heavenly Founder sent his apostles to teach all nations, adding,
Lo! I am with you alway, even to the end of the world. The Divine religion goes out crowned, having the Divine favour resting
upon it, armed spiritually against its foes, and destined to be victorious in the end. On opening the second seal, a red horse
appeared; this signifies desolating judgments. The sword of war and persecution is a dreadful judgment; it takes away peace
from the earth, one of the greatest blessings; and men who should love one another, and help one another, are set upon killing
one another. Such scenes also followed the pure age of early Christianity, when, neglectful of charity and the bond of peace,
the Christian leaders, divided among themselves, appealed to the sword, and entangled themselves in guilt. On opening the
third seal, a black horse appeared; a colour denoting mourning and woe, darkness and ignorance. He that sat on it had a yoke
in his hand. Attempts were made to put a yoke of superstitious observances on the disciples. As the stream of Christianity
flowed further from its pure fountain, it became more and more corrupt. During the progress of this black horse, the necessaries
of life should be at excessive prices, and the more costly things should not be hurt. According to prophetic language, these
articles signified that food of religious knowledge, by which the souls of men are sustained unto everlasting life; such we
are invited to buy, (Isa 55:1). But when the dark clouds of ignorance and superstition, denoted
by the black horse, spread over the Christian world, the knowledge and practice of true religion became scarce. When a people
loathe their spiritual food, God may justly deprive them of their daily bread. The famine of bread is a terrible judgment;
but the famine of the word is more so. Upon opening the fourth seal, another horse appeared, of a pale colour. The rider was
Death, the king of terrors. The attendants, or followers of this king of terrors, hell, a state of eternal misery to all who
die in their sins; and in times of general destruction, multitudes go down unprepared into the pit. The period of the fourth
seal is one of great slaughter and devastation, destroying whatever may tend to make life happy, making ravages on the spiritual
lives of men. Thus the mystery of iniquity was completed, and its power extended both over the lives and consciences of men.
The exact times of these four seals cannot be ascertained, for the changes were gradual. God gave them power, that is, those
instruments of his anger, or those judgments: all public calamities are at his command; they only go forth when God sends
them, and no further than he permits.
Verses 9-11: The sight the apostle
beheld at the opening the fifth seal was very affecting. He saw the souls of the martyrs under the altar; at the foot of the
altar in heaven, at the feet of Christ. Persecutors can only kill the body; after that there is no more they can do; the soul
lives. God has provided a good place in the better world, for those who are faithful unto death. It is not their own death,
but the sacrifice of Christ, that gives them entrance into heaven. The cause in which they suffered, was for the word of God;
the best any man can lay down his life for; faith in God's word, and the unshaken confession of that faith. They commit their
cause to Him to whom vengeance belongs. The Lord is the comforter of his afflicted servants, and precious is their blood in
his sight. As the measure of the sin of persecutors is filling up, so is the number of the persecuted, martyred servants of
Christ. When this is fulfilled, God will send tribulation to those who trouble them, and unbroken happiness and rest to those
that are troubled.
Verses 12-17: When the sixth seal was opened, there
was a great earthquake. The foundations of churches and states would be terribly shaken. Such bold figurative descriptions
of great changes abound in the prophecies of Scripture; for these events are emblems, and declare the end of the world and
the day of judgment. Dread and terror would seize on all sorts of men. Neither grandeur, riches, valour, nor strength, can
support men at that time. They would be glad to be no more seen; yea, to have no longer any being. Though Christ be a Lamb,
he can be angry, and the wrath of the Lamb is exceedingly dreadful; for if the Redeemer himself, who appeases the wrath of
God, be our enemy, where shall we find a friend to plead for us? As men have their day of opportunity, and their seasons of
grace, so God has his day of righteous wrath. It seems that the overthrow of the paganism of the Roman empire is here meant.
The idolaters are described as hiding themselves in their dens and secret caves, and vainly seeking to escape ruin. In such
a day, when the signs of the times show those who believe in God's word, that the King of kings is approaching, Christians
are called to a decided course, and to a bold confession of Christ and his truth before their fellowmen. Whatever they may
have to endure, the short contempt of man is to be borne, rather than that shame which is everlasting.
David Burnette's Life Application
Judgement is Coming
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Continue
in the book of Revelation with Chapter 6 and in today's text we see The breaking of the Seals. In making application we
see breaking of the 7 seals. As each is broken, Christ the lamb, sets in motion events that will bring the end of
human history. This truth should motivate us to understand the urgency to preach or proclaim Christ to a lost and dying world.
You might be saved but what about your neighbor, or the billions of souls around the world who have not heard the name of
Jesus? So what can you do? yes, I can witness and financially support missions but maybe God would have you do more.
He might want you to be the missionary? The key is surrendering to His Will for your life and to then walk moment by moment
asking the Lord "what next Father?" He will direct you to do His will before His judgement is released.
Let us learn from our text today to challenge us to seek the Lord and to find your task in the great commission.
I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seals, and I heard, as it were the noise of thunder, one of the four beasts saying,
Come and see.
2And I saw, and behold a white
horse: and he that sat on him had a bow; and a crown was given unto him: and he went forth conquering, and to conquer.
3And when he had opened the second seal, I heard the second beast say,
Come and see.
4And there went out another
horse that was red: and power was given to him that sat thereon to take peace from the earth, and that they should kill one
another: and there was given unto him a great sword.
when he had opened the third seal, I heard the third beast say, Come and see. And I beheld, and lo a black horse; and he that
sat on him had a pair of balances in his hand.
I heard a voice in the midst of the four beasts say, A measure of wheat for a penny, and three measures of barley for a penny;
and see thou hurt not the oil and the wine.
when he had opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth beast say, Come and see.
8And I looked, and behold a pale horse: and his name that sat on him was
Death, and Hell followed with him. And power was given unto them over the fourth part of the earth, to kill with sword, and
with hunger, and with death, and with the beasts of the earth.
when he had opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of them that were slain for the word of God, and for the
testimony which they held:
10And they cried
with a loud voice, saying, How long, O Lord, holy and true, dost thou not judge and avenge our blood on them that dwell on
11And white robes were given unto
every one of them; and it was said unto them, that they should rest yet for a little season, until their fellowservants also
and their brethren, that should be killed as they were, should be fulfilled.
12And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun
became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood;
13And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she
is shaken of a mighty wind.
14And the heaven
departed as a scroll when it is rolled together; and every mountain and island were moved out of their places.
15And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and
the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks
of the mountains;
16And said to the mountains
and rocks, Fall on us, and hide us from the face of him that sitteth on the throne, and from the wrath of the Lamb:
17For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?