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Dave Burnette's Commentary

Mark Chapter 12 

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: John Mark
Date Penned: (55-65 AD)
Overview: Mark Records the 1st Gospel Written (c 1-16)
Theme:  The Message and Ministry of Jesus, The Servant (c 1-13)
Message: Religious Leaders Challenge Jesus to No Avail  (v 1-44)

Mark 12 Commentary

(12:1-12) Jesus tells the Parable of the Evil Farmers - Jesus was presumably still in the Temple, where the Jewish leaders had come to question him. They had failed in their first attempt at tricking Jesus (11:27-33). In the parable of the wicked farmers, Jesus used a strong image of judgment from the Old Testament (Isaiah 5:1-7). Isaiah’s ancient poem incriminated Jerusalem by name. The religious leaders immediately heard the charges leveled against them.

(12:13-17) Religious Leaders Question Jesus About Paying Taxes - The retreat mentioned in 12:12 was only temporary. Soon the attacks against Jesus resumed. The religious leaders sent a delegation with the purpose of trapping Jesus with the same kind of question he used on them earlier (11:29-33). They set up a conflict between the honor due to God and the honor due human authorities. By living under the authority and monetary system of the Romans, the people were obligated to follow through on their responsibilities under that human structure while still being accountable to God. Where they saw an impossible conflict, Jesus described parallel duties. They presented Jesus with a question that they were sure would trap him, but he snared them in their own trap.

(12:18-27) Religious Leaders Question Jesus About The Resurrection - 
No sooner had one delegation withdrawn from Jesus (in amazement) than another appeared to take up the cause. The Sadducees did not believe in the resurrection. They thought they had a thorny problem from God’s word that would make the very idea of life beyond death ludicrous. This was probably a standard challenge posed by the Sadducees to those who believed in the resurrection, such as the Pharisees.

(12:28-34) Religious Leaders Question About the Greatest Commandment - Several defined groups had taken their best shot at Jesus. As each antagonist engaged him in debate, the others apparently looked on with mixed emotions. On one hand, they had a common purpose in destroying Jesus. On the other, each group wanted to claim supremacy by being the one who eliminated the troublemaker. Matthew hints at the background tension (Matthew 22:34). He provides a brief account of this exchange between Jesus and the teacher. He reported only the original question and Jesus’ response. Mark’s version fills in the picture and adds a positive note to the conflict. Jesus’ responses did not always antagonize his opponents. Often they expressed amazement (12:17) and even agreement (12:32). Jesus was looking for greater commitment from people, not that they merely knew the right answers. Jesus told this teacher that he had the truth but had not yet expressed his trust. Knowing God’s requirement of wholehearted faith and surrendering ourselves to him are separate steps of entering into the Kingdom

(12:35-37) Religious Leaders Cannot Answer Jesus' Question - Jesus did not settle for a silent, seething truce with the religious leaders. He continued to teach. He demonstrated that God’s word had not been fully examined regarding the identity of the Messiah. His provocative questions brought delight to the crowds, thoughtfulness to the attentive, and continued anger to his enemies.

(12:38-40) Jesus Warns Against the Religious Leaders - This section offers a preview and provides a transition to the Olivet discourse in chapter 13. Here Jesus explained why such judgment will occur. As we read and think about Jesus’ scathing evaluation of the teachers of religious law, we ought to keep our own behavior in mind. Some of the religious leaders liked the show. They were doing nothing more than playacting, pretending to be religious and righteous. Jesus confronted their lack of heartfelt obedience. What would he say about ours?

(12:41-44) A Poor Widow Gives All She Has - Almost unheard in the clash of ideas and the noisy crowd, the ring of the widow’s small coins became an eloquent example of truth. Her act sharply contrasted with the much more obvious giving of others and with the teachers who cheated widows such as she (12:40). But it also represented an alternative to business-as-usual in the Temple. All around her were large examples of meaningless worship, shallow honor given to God, frivolous giving, and downright evil. But this woman’s act of sacrifice spoke volumes about herself and her faith.


Dave Burnette's Life Application

Do You Love the Lord?

 Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of Mark with Chapter 12. In our text today we see the account of the parable of the wicked farmer, paying taxes, the ressurection, the religious learders, false prophets, and true giving. What catches my eye is verse 29 where Jesus says to love the Lord with all your heart, soul, mind, and strength. Then to love thy neighbour as thyself. How about you? Do you love the Lord and if so is your love overflowing to others? Let us learn from our text today and the words of Jesus who instructs us to Love the Lord with all we have and then exibit that love with others.


Mark 12

Mark 12

 1And he began to speak unto them by parables. A certain man planted a vineyard, and set an hedge about it, and digged a place for the winefat, and built a tower, and let it out to husbandmen, and went into a far country.

 2And at the season he sent to the husbandmen a servant, that he might receive from the husbandmen of the fruit of the vineyard.

 3And they caught him, and beat him, and sent him away empty.

 4And again he sent unto them another servant; and at him they cast stones, and wounded him in the head, and sent him away shamefully handled.

 5And again he sent another; and him they killed, and many others; beating some, and killing some.

 6Having yet therefore one son, his wellbeloved, he sent him also last unto them, saying, They will reverence my son.

 7But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance shall be ours.'

 8And they took him, and killed him, and cast him out of the vineyard.

 9What shall therefore the lord of the vineyard do? he will come and destroy the husbandmen, and will give the vineyard unto others.

 10And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner:

 11This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?

 12And they sought to lay hold on him, but feared the people: for they knew that he had spoken the parable against them: and they left him, and went their way.

 13And they send unto him certain of the Pharisees and of the Herodians, to catch him in his words.

 14And when they were come, they say unto him, Master, we know that thou art true, and carest for no man: for thou regardest not the person of men, but teachest the way of God in truth: Is it lawful to give tribute to Caesar, or not?

 15Shall we give, or shall we not give? But he, knowing their hypocrisy, said unto them, Why tempt ye me? bring me a penny, that I may see it.

 16And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's.

 17And Jesus answering said unto them, Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's, and to God the things that are God's. And they marvelled at him.

 18Then come unto him the Sadducees, which say there is no resurrection; and they asked him, saying,

 19Master, Moses wrote unto us, If a man's brother die, and leave his wife behind him, and leave no children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother.

 20Now there were seven brethren: and the first took a wife, and dying left no seed.

 21And the second took her, and died, neither left he any seed: and the third likewise.

 22And the seven had her, and left no seed: last of all the woman died also.

 23In the resurrection therefore, when they shall rise, whose wife shall she be of them? for the seven had her to wife.

 24And Jesus answering said unto them, Do ye not therefore err, because ye know not the scriptures, neither the power of God?

 25For when they shall rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage; but are as the angels which are in heaven.

 26And as touching the dead, that they rise: have ye not read in the book of Moses, how in the bush God spake unto him, saying, I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?

 27He is not the God of the dead, but the God of the living: ye therefore do greatly err.

 28And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?

 29And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:

 30And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

 31And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.

 32And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:

 33And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.

 34And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.

 35And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the son of David?

 36For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

 37David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.

 38And he said unto them in his doctrine, Beware of the scribes, which love to go in long clothing, and love salutations in the marketplaces,

 39And the chief seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost rooms at feasts:

 40Which devour widows' houses, and for a pretence make long prayers: these shall receive greater damnation.

 41And Jesus sat over against the treasury, and beheld how the people cast money into the treasury: and many that were rich cast in much.

 42And there came a certain poor widow, and she threw in two mites, which make a farthing.

 43And he called unto him his disciples, and saith unto them, Verily I say unto you, That this poor widow hath cast more in, than all they which have cast into the treasury:

 44For all they did cast in of their abundance; but she of her want did cast in all that she had, even all her living.