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Matthew Henry's Commentary

Proverbs Chapter 30

Verses 1-6: Agur speaks of himself as wanting a righteousness, and having done very foolishly. And it becomes us all to have low thoughts of ourselves. He speaks of himself as wanting revelation to guide him in the ways of truth and wisdom. The more enlightened people are, the more they lament their ignorance; the more they pray for clearer, still clearer discoveries of God, and his rich grace in Christ Jesus. In ver. (4), there is a prophetic notice of Him who came down from heaven to be our Instructor and Saviour, and then ascended into heaven to be our Advocate. The Messiah is here spoken of as a Person distinct from the Father, but his name as yet secret. The great Redeemer, in the glories of his providence and grace, cannot be found out to perfection. Had it not been for Christ, the foundations of the earth had sunk under the load of the curse upon the ground, for man's sin. Who, and what is the mighty One that doeth all this? There is not the least ground to suspect anything wanting in the word of God; adding to his words opens the way to errors and corruptions.

Verses 7-9: Agur wisely prayed for a middle state, that he might be kept at a distance from temptations; he asked daily bread suited to his station, his family, and his real good. There is a remarkable similarity between this prayer and several clauses of the Lord's prayer. If we are removed from vanity and lies; if we are interested in the pardoning love of Christ, and have him for our portion; if we walk with God, then we shall have all we can ask or think, as to spiritual things. When we consider how those who have abundance are prone to abuse the gift, and what it is to suffer want, Agur's prayer will ever be found a wise one, though seldom offered. Food convenient; what is so for one, may not be so for another; but we may be sure that our heavenly Father will supply all our need, and not suffer us to want anything good for us; and why should we wish for more?

Verse 10: Slander not a servant to his master, accuse him not in small matters, to make mischief. (11-14). In every age there are monsters of ingratitude who ill-treat their parents. Many persuade themselves they are holy persons, whose hearts are full of sin, and who practise secret wickedness. There are others whose lofty pride is manifest. There have also been cruel monsters in every age. (15-17). Cruelty and covetousness are two daughters of the horseleech, that still cry, "Give, give," and they are continually uneasy to themselves. Four things never are satisfied, to which these devourers are compared. Those are never rich that are always coveting. And many who have come to a bad end, have owned that their wicked courses began by despising their parents' authority. (18-20). Four things cannot be fully known. The kingdom of nature is full of marvels. The fourth is a mystery of iniquity; the cursed arts by which a vile seducer gains the affections of a female; and the arts which a vile woman uses to conceal her wickedness. (21-23) Four sorts of persons are very troublesome. Men of low origin and base spirit, who, getting authority, become tyrants. Foolish and violent men indulging in excesses. A woman of a contentious spirit and vicious habits. A servant who has obtained undue influence. Let those whom Providence has advanced from low beginnings, carefully watch against that sin which most easily besets them. (24-28). Four things that are little, are yet to be admired. There are those who are poor in the world, and of small account, yet wise for their souls and another world. (29-33). We may learn from animals to go well; also to keep our temper under all provocations. We must keep the evil thought in our minds from breaking out into evil speeches. We must not stir up the passions of others. Let nothing be said or done with violence, but every thing with softness and calmness. Alas, how often have we done foolishly in rising up against the Lord our King! Let us humble ourselves before him. And having found peace with Him, let us follow peace with all men


David Burnette's Life Application

Every Word of God is Pure


Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue with the Book of Proverbs with Chapter 30. In our text today we continue with wisdom with wise sayings for a generation. What catches my eye is verse 5 that says that every word of God is pure, followed by verse 6 that says to add not to His Words. In making application we see that this truth is the same today but many do not heed the these truths picking and choosing what to obey, while others add to the Word to meet there own agenda. Through all of this the Bibles remains constant, preserved, and the infallible Word of God. How about you? Do you esteem, read, and apply the world of God to your life? Let us learn from our text today to remember to hold fast to the Word of God, not to add or delete from its text because every Word of God is pure.  

 

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Proverbs 30

Proverbs 30

 1The words of Agur the son of Jakeh, even the prophecy: the man spake unto Ithiel, even unto Ithiel and Ucal,

 2Surely I am more brutish than any man, and have not the understanding of a man.

 3I neither learned wisdom, nor have the knowledge of the holy.

 4Who hath ascended up into heaven, or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what is his name, and what is his son's name, if thou canst tell?

 5Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.

 6Add thou not unto his words, lest he reprove thee, and thou be found a liar.

 7Two things have I required of thee; deny me them not before I die:

 8Remove far from me vanity and lies: give me neither poverty nor riches; feed me with food convenient for me:

 9Lest I be full, and deny thee, and say, Who is the LORD? or lest I be poor, and steal, and take the name of my God in vain.

 10Accuse not a servant unto his master, lest he curse thee, and thou be found guilty.

 11There is a generation that curseth their father, and doth not bless their mother.

 12There is a generation that are pure in their own eyes, and yet is not washed from their filthiness.

 13There is a generation, O how lofty are their eyes! and their eyelids are lifted up.

 14There is a generation, whose teeth are as swords, and their jaw teeth as knives, to devour the poor from off the earth, and the needy from among men.

 15The horseleach hath two daughters, crying, Give, give. There are three things that are never satisfied, yea, four things say not, It is enough:

 16The grave; and the barren womb; the earth that is not filled with water; and the fire that saith not, It is enough.

 17The eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.

 18There be three things which are too wonderful for me, yea, four which I know not:

 19The way of an eagle in the air; the way of a serpent upon a rock; the way of a ship in the midst of the sea; and the way of a man with a maid.

 20Such is the way of an adulterous woman; she eateth, and wipeth her mouth, and saith, I have done no wickedness.

 21For three things the earth is disquieted, and for four which it cannot bear:

 22For a servant when he reigneth; and a fool when he is filled with meat;

 23For an odious woman when she is married; and an handmaid that is heir to her mistress.

 24There be four things which are little upon the earth, but they are exceeding wise:

 25The ants are a people not strong, yet they prepare their meat in the summer;

 26The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they their houses in the rocks;

 27The locusts have no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands;

 28The spider taketh hold with her hands, and is in kings' palaces.

 29There be three things which go well, yea, four are comely in going:

 30A lion which is strongest among beasts, and turneth not away for any;

 31A greyhound; an he goat also; and a king, against whom there is no rising up.

 32If thou hast done foolishly in lifting up thyself, or if thou hast thought evil, lay thine hand upon thy mouth.

 33Surely the churning of milk bringeth forth butter, and the wringing of the nose bringeth forth blood: so the forcing of wrath bringeth forth strife.