Matthew Henry's Commentary
This epistle is addressed to all believers in the gospel. Its design appears to be to guard believers against the
false teachers who had begun to creep into the Christian church, and to scatter dangerous tenets, by attempting to lower all
Christianity into a merely nominal belief and outward profession of the gospel. Having thus denied the obligations of personal
holiness, they taught their disciples to live in sinful courses, at the same time flattering them with the hope of eternal
life. The vile character of these seducers is shown, and their sentence is denounced, and the epistle concludes with warnings,
admonitions, and counsels to believers.
he apostle exhorts to stedfastness in the faith. (1-4) The danger of being infected by false professors, and the dreadful
punishment which shall be inflicted on them and their followers. (5-7) An awful description of these seducers and their deplorable
end. (8-16) Believers cautioned against being surprised at such deceivers arising among them. (17-23) The epistle ends with
an encouraging doxology, or words of praise. (24,25)
Verses 1-4: Christians
are called out of the world, from the evil spirit and temper of it; called above the world, to higher and better things, to
heaven, things unseen and eternal; called from sin to Christ, from vanity to seriousness, from uncleanness to holiness; and
this according to the Divine purpose and grace. If sanctified and glorified, all the honour and glory must be ascribed to
God, and to him alone. As it is God who begins the work of grace in the souls of men, so it is he who carries it on, and perfects
it. Let us not trust in ourselves, nor in our stock of grace already received, but in him, and in him alone. The mercy of
God is the spring and fountain of all the good we have or hope for; mercy, not only to the miserable, but to the guilty. Next
to mercy is peace, which we have from the sense of having obtained mercy. From peace springs love; Christ's love to us, our
love to him, and our brotherly love to one another. The apostle prays, not that Christians may be content with a little; but
that their souls and societies may be full of these things. None are shut out from gospel offers and invitations, but those
who obstinately and wickedly shut themselves out. But the application is to all believers, and only to such. It is to the
weak as well as to the strong. Those who have received the doctrine of this common salvation, must contend for it, earnestly,
not furiously. Lying for the truth is bad; scolding for it is not better. Those who have received the truth must contend for
it, as the apostles did; by suffering with patience and courage for it, not by making others suffer if they will not embrace
every notion we call faith, or important. We ought to contend earnestly for the faith, in opposition to those who would corrupt
or deprave it; who creep in unawares; who glide in like serpents. And those are the worst of the ungodly, who take encouragement
to sin boldly, because the grace of God has abounded, and still abounds so wonderfully, and who are hardened by the extent
and fulness of gospel grace, the design of which is to deliver men from sin, and bring them unto God.
Verses 5-7: Outward privileges, profession, and apparent conversion, could not secure those
from the vengeance of God, who turned aside in unbelief and disobedience. The destruction of the unbelieving Israelites in
the wilderness, shows that none ought to presume on their privileges. They had miracles as their daily bread; yet even they
perished in unbelief. A great number of the angels were not pleased with the stations God allotted to them; pride was the
main and direct cause or occasion of their fall. The fallen angels are kept to the judgment of the great day; and shall fallen
men escape it? Surely not. Consider this in due time. The destruction of Sodom is a loud warning to all, to take heed of,
and flee from fleshly lusts that war against the soul, (1Pe 2:11). God is the same holy, just,
pure Being now, as then. Stand in awe, therefore, and sin not, (Ps 4:4). Let us not rest in anything
that does not make the soul subject to the obedience of Christ; for nothing but the renewal of our souls to the Divine image
by the Holy Spirit, can keep us from being destroyed among the enemies of God. Consider this instance of the angels, and see
that no dignity or worth of the creature is of avail. How then should man tremble, who drinketh iniquity like water! (Job 15:16).
Verses 8-16: False teachers are dreamers;
they greatly defile and grievously wound the soul. These teachers are of a disturbed mind and a seditious spirit; forgetting
that the powers that be, are ordained of God, (Ro 13:1). As to the contest about the body of
Moses, it appears that Satan wished to make the place of his burial known to the Israelites, in order to tempt them to worship
him, but he was prevented, and vented his rage in desperate blasphemy. This should remind all who dispute never to bring railing
charges. Also learn hence, that we ought to defend those whom God owns. It is hard, if not impossible, to find any enemies
to the Christian religion, who did not, and do not, live in open or secret contradiction to the principles of natural religion.
Such are here compared to brute beasts, though they often boast of themselves as the wisest of mankind. They corrupt themselves
in the things most open and plain. The fault lies, not in their understandings, but in their depraved wills, and their disordered
appetites and affections. It is a great reproach, though unjust to religion, when those who profess it are opposed to it in
heart and life. The Lord will remedy this in his time and way; not in men's blind way of plucking up the wheat with the tares.
It is sad when men begin in the Spirit, and end in the flesh. Twice dead; they had been once dead in their natural, fallen
state; but now they are dead again by the evident proofs of their hypocrisy. Dead trees, why cumber they the ground! Away
with them to the fire. Raging waves are a terror to sailing passengers; but when they get into port, the noise and terror
are ended. False teachers are to expect the worst punishments in this world and in that to come. They glare like meteors,
or falling stars, and then sink into the blackness of darkness for ever. We have no mention of the prophecy of Enoch in any
other part or place of Scripture; yet one plain text of Scripture, proves any point we are to believe. We find from this,
that Christ's coming to judge was prophesied of, as early as the times before the flood. The Lord cometh: what a glorious
time will that be! Notice how often the word "ungodly" is repeated. Many now do not at all refer to the terms godly,
or ungodly, unless it be to mock at even the words; but it is not so in the language taught us by the Holy Ghost. Hard speeches
of one another, especially if ill-grounded, will certainly come into account at the day of judgment. These evil men and seducers
are angry at every thing that happens, and never pleased with their own state and condition. Their will and their fancy, are
their only rule and law. Those who please their sinful appetites, are most prone to yield to ungovernable passions. The men
of God, from the beginning of the world, have declared the doom denounced on them. Such let us avoid. We are to follow men
only as they follow Christ.
Verses 17-23: Sensual men separate from Christ,
and his church, and join themselves to the devil, the world, and the flesh, by ungodly and sinful practices. That is infinitely
worse than to separate from any branch of the visible church on account of opinions, or modes and circumstances of outward
government or worship. Sensual men have not the spirit of holiness, which whoever has not, does not belong to Christ. The
grace of faith is most holy, as it works by love, purifies the heart, and overcomes the world, by which it is distinguished
from a false and dead faith. Our prayers are most likely to prevail, when we pray in the Holy Ghost, under his guidance and
influence, according to the rule of his word, with faith, fervency, and earnestness; this is praying in the Holy Ghost. And
a believing expectation of eternal life will arm us against the snares of sin: lively faith in this blessed hope will help
us to mortify our lusts. We must watch over one another; faithfully, yet prudently reprove each other, and set a good example
to all about us. This must be done with compassion, making a difference between the weak and the wilful. Some we must treat
with tenderness. Others save with fear; urging the terrors of the Lord. All endeavours must be joined with decided abhorrence
of crimes, and care be taken to avoid whatever led to, or was connected with fellowship with them, in works of darkness, keeping
far from what is, or appears to be evil.
Verse 24,25: God is able, and
as willing as able, to keep us from falling, and to present us faultless before the presence of his glory. Not as those who
never have been faulty, but as those who, but for God's mercy, and a Saviour's sufferings and merits, might most justly have
been condemned long ago. All sincere believers were given him of the Father; and of all so given him he has lost none, nor
will lose any one. Now, our faults fill us with fears, doubts, and sorrows; but the Redeemer has undertaken for his people,
that they shall be presented faultless. Where there is no sin, there will be no sorrow; where there is the perfection of holiness,
there will be the perfection of joy. Let us more often look up to Him who is able to keep us from falling, to improve as well
as maintain the work he has wrought in us, till we shall be presented blameless before the presence of his glory. Then shall
our hearts know a joy beyond what earth can afford; then shall God also rejoice over us, and the joy of our compassionate
Saviour be completed. To Him who has so wisely formed the scheme, and will faithfully and perfectly accomplish it, be glory
and majesty, dominion and power, both now and for ever. Amen.
Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making
an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we Start
the book of Jude with Chapter 1 and today we see Jude reminding us of the danger of false teachers and the duty to fight for
God's truth. I love verse 22 that says and on some, have compassion, making a difference. and others save with fear, pulling
them out of the fire... In making application we see that we are to focus on those around us, seeing their need, and sharing
the Gospel to where people are living. How about you? Do you have compassion toward others? Let us learn from out text today
to see that we are to have compassion toward others as it will make a difference in other peoples lives as we are to reach
them with the Gospel while we have an oppritunity.
the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ,
2Mercy unto you, and peace, and
love, be multiplied.
3Beloved, when I gave
all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should
earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.
4For there are certain men crept in unawares, who were before of old ordained to this condemnation,
ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness, and denying the only Lord God, and our Lord Jesus Christ.
5I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how
that the Lord, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.
6And the angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation,
he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day.
7Even as Sodom and Gomorrha, and the cities about them in like manner, giving themselves over to fornication,
and going after strange flesh, are set forth for an example, suffering the vengeance of eternal fire.
8Likewise also these filthy dreamers defile the flesh, despise dominion,
and speak evil of dignities.
the archangel, when contending with the devil he disputed about the body of Moses, durst not bring against him a railing accusation,
but said, The Lord rebuke thee.
speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally, as brute beasts, in those things they corrupt
11Woe unto them! for they have
gone in the way of Cain, and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward, and perished in the gainsaying of Core.
12These are spots in your feasts of charity, when they feast with you,
feeding themselves without fear: clouds they are without water, carried about of winds; trees whose fruit withereth, without
fruit, twice dead, plucked up by the roots;
waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.
14And Enoch also, the seventh from Adam, prophesied of these, saying, Behold,
the Lord cometh with ten thousands of his saints,
execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly
committed, and of all their hard speeches which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
16These are murmurers, complainers, walking after their own lusts; and their mouth speaketh great swelling
words, having men's persons in admiration because of advantage.
beloved, remember ye the words which were spoken before of the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ;
18How that they told you there should be mockers in the last time, who
should walk after their own ungodly lusts.
be they who separate themselves, sensual, having not the Spirit.
20But ye, beloved, building up yourselves on your most holy faith, praying in the Holy Ghost,
21Keep yourselves in the love of God, looking for the mercy of our Lord
Jesus Christ unto eternal life.
22And of some
have compassion, making a difference:
others save with fear, pulling them out of the fire; hating even the garment spotted by the flesh.
24Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you
faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy,
the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.