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Dave Burnette's Commentary

Luke Chapter 22 

Written By: God through Inspiration
Penned By: Luke
Date Penned: (60 AD)
Overview: Luke Presents the Life of Christ  (c 1-24)
Theme: Death & Resurrection of Jesus, the Savior (c 22-24)
Message: The Last Supper  (v 1-71)

Luke 22 Commentary

(22:1-2) Religious Leaders Plot to Kill Jesus - Luke began the final section of his Gospel (22:1–24:53) with a short statement of the evil intentions of the chief priests and the teachers of religious law. They were diligently looking for an opportunity to have Jesus arrested and executed.

(22:3-6) Judas Agrees to Betray Jesus - The Jewish religious leaders had opposed Jesus from the beginning (6:7; 7:29-30; 11:53; 19:47), and their opposition had grown more fierce in the last couple of days (see 20:1-8, 20-26, 27-40). But here the plot thickened. Judas struck a deal with the Jewish council to betray Jesus for money.

(22:7-13) Disciples Prepare for the Passover - Jesus and the disciples were one group out of thousands needing a place to celebrate the Passover meal in Jerusalem. Jesus’ instructions to Peter and John reveal God’s complete control over all the events surrounding Jesus’ final days on earth. The room where the disciples would celebrate the Last Supper had been prepared (22:12), and Jesus knew every detail, even how Peter and John would find the room (22:10).

(22:14-30) Jesus and the Disciples Share the Last Supper - Although the Gospel of John goes into great detail recounting what Jesus said and did during his last Passover meal (see John 13:1–17:26), Luke’s Gospel merely highlights Jesus’ institution of the Lord’s Supper (22:17-20), his prediction of his betrayal (22:21-23), his teaching on service (22:24-27), and his prediction of Peter’s denial (22:31-34).

(22:31-38) Jesus Predicts Peter's Denial - After describing the disciples’ glorious roles in the Kingdom of God (22:29-30), Jesus turned to the immediate trials they would face. First, Jesus warned Peter of his future denial. Second, Jesus warned them all to prepare themselves for the coming troubles.

(22:39-46) Jesus Agonizes in the Garden - Throughout his Gospel, Luke highlighted Jesus’ consistent prayer life. This section provides an intimate look at Jesus’ dependence on prayer, right before his greatest hour of need. For Jesus, prayer was not an escape, but a respite; not a way to avoid 
difficulty, but a way to strengthen himself to endure it.

(22:47-53)  Jesus is Betrayed and Arrested - Despite all of Jesus’ warnings about the coming trouble, the disciples were unprepared for it when the moment arrived. Judas, formerly one of them, appeared and betrayed Jesus with a kiss. The disciples attempted to defend Jesus, and then fled, as Jesus gave himself over to an illegal arrest.

(22:54-65) Peters Denies Knowing Jesus - Peter’s confidence and courage had wilted under pressure. Only several hours before, he had courageously asserted that he would follow Jesus to prison—or even to death. At this point, however, he was repeatedly denying any association with Jesus. Eachdenial distanced Peter further from him. The best part of this sad story is that it did not end here.

(22:66-71) The Council of Religious Leaders Condemns Jesus - Luke’s presentation of Jesus’ trial before the council is much shorter than Matthew or Mark’s (see Matthew 26:57-68; Mark 14:53-65). In retelling the story of the trial, Luke’s clear purpose was to get at the heart of the matter: Who is Jesus?


Dave Burnette's Life Application

Read, Learn, and Apply the Word of God


 Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of Luke with Chapter 22. In our text today we see Luke's account of time leading up to the crucifixion. What catches my eye is how Jesus foretold of the events that are unfolding before the eyes of the disciples yet they did not believe or remember the Words of Jesus. In making application we see that we have the Word's of God in the Bible with all its prophecies yet we act as the disciples and do not heed the Word of God. How about you? Do take the Word of God Seriously? Let us learn from our text today and the need to take the Word's of God Seriously as every Word of God is true we should read, learn, and apply the Word of God to every aspect of our lives.  


Luke 22

Luke 22

 1Now the feast of unleavened bread drew nigh, which is called the Passover.

 2And the chief priests and scribes sought how they might kill him; for they feared the people.

 3Then entered Satan into Judas surnamed Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve.

 4And he went his way, and communed with the chief priests and captains, how he might betray him unto them.

 5And they were glad, and covenanted to give him money.

 6And he promised, and sought opportunity to betray him unto them in the absence of the multitude.

 7Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

 8And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

 9And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

 10And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

 11And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

 12And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

 13And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

 14And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

 15And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

 16For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

 17And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

 18For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

 19And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

 20Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

 21But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.

 22And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!

 23And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

 24And there was also a strife among them, which of them should be accounted the greatest.

 25And he said unto them, The kings of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and they that exercise authority upon them are called benefactors.

 26But ye shall not be so: but he that is greatest among you, let him be as the younger; and he that is chief, as he that doth serve.

 27For whether is greater, he that sitteth at meat, or he that serveth? is not he that sitteth at meat? but I am among you as he that serveth.

 28Ye are they which have continued with me in my temptations.

 29And I appoint unto you a kingdom, as my Father hath appointed unto me;

 30That ye may eat and drink at my table in my kingdom, and sit on thrones judging the twelve tribes of Israel.

 31And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan hath desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

 32But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren.

 33And he said unto him, Lord, I am ready to go with thee, both into prison, and to death.

 34And he said, I tell thee, Peter, the cock shall not crow this day, before that thou shalt thrice deny that thou knowest me.

 35And he said unto them, When I sent you without purse, and scrip, and shoes, lacked ye any thing? And they said, Nothing.

 36Then said he unto them, But now, he that hath a purse, let him take it, and likewise his scrip: and he that hath no sword, let him sell his garment, and buy one.

 37For I say unto you, that this that is written must yet be accomplished in me, And he was reckoned among the transgressors: for the things concerning me have an end.

 38And they said, Lord, behold, here are two swords. And he said unto them, It is enough.

 39And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.

 40And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.

 41And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,

 42Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.

 43And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.

 44And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

 45And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,

 46And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.

 47And while he yet spake, behold a multitude, and he that was called Judas, one of the twelve, went before them, and drew near unto Jesus to kiss him.

 48But Jesus said unto him, Judas, betrayest thou the Son of man with a kiss?

 49When they which were about him saw what would follow, they said unto him, Lord, shall we smite with the sword?

 50And one of them smote the servant of the high priest, and cut off his right ear.

 51And Jesus answered and said, Suffer ye thus far. And he touched his ear, and healed him.

 52Then Jesus said unto the chief priests, and captains of the temple, and the elders, which were come to him, Be ye come out, as against a thief, with swords and staves?

 53When I was daily with you in the temple, ye stretched forth no hands against me: but this is your hour, and the power of darkness.

 54Then took they him, and led him, and brought him into the high priest's house. And Peter followed afar off.

 55And when they had kindled a fire in the midst of the hall, and were set down together, Peter sat down among them.

 56But a certain maid beheld him as he sat by the fire, and earnestly looked upon him, and said, This man was also with him.

 57And he denied him, saying, Woman, I know him not.

 58And after a little while another saw him, and said, Thou art also of them. And Peter said, Man, I am not.

 59And about the space of one hour after another confidently affirmed, saying, Of a truth this fellow also was with him: for he is a Galilaean.

 60And Peter said, Man, I know not what thou sayest. And immediately, while he yet spake, the cock crew.

 61And the Lord turned, and looked upon Peter. And Peter remembered the word of the Lord, how he had said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

 62And Peter went out, and wept bitterly.

 63And the men that held Jesus mocked him, and smote him.

 64And when they had blindfolded him, they struck him on the face, and asked him, saying, Prophesy, who is it that smote thee?

 65And many other things blasphemously spake they against him.

 66And as soon as it was day, the elders of the people and the chief priests and the scribes came together, and led him into their council, saying,

 67Art thou the Christ? tell us. And he said unto them, If I tell you, ye will not believe:

 68And if I also ask you, ye will not answer me, nor let me go.

 69Hereafter shall the Son of man sit on the right hand of the power of God.

 70Then said they all, Art thou then the Son of God? And he said unto them, Ye say that I am.

 71And they said, What need we any further witness? for we ourselves have heard of his own mouth.