Bible IndexHome...Saved?..Pray...Free...Bible...Shop...Learn...Worship...U.S.B.S...Contact UsPhilippians 1Philippians 2Philippians 3Philippians 4Colossians 1Colossians 2Colossians 3Colossians 4
 
 

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Luke Chapter 23 

hrist before Pilate. (1-5) Christ before Herod. (6-12) Barabbas preferred to Christ. (13-25) Christ speaks of the destruction of Jerusalem. (26-31) The crucifixion, The repentant malefactor. (32-43) The death of Christ. (44-49) The burial of Christ. (50-56)

Verses 1-5: Pilate well understood the difference between armed forces and our Lord's followers. But instead of being softened by Pilate's declaration of his innocence, and considering whether they were not bringing the guilt of innocent blood upon themselves, the Jews were the more angry. The Lord brings his designs to a glorious end, even by means of those who follow the devices of their own hearts. Thus all parties joined, so as to prove the innocence of Jesus, who was the atoning sacrifice for our sins.

Verses 6-12: Herod had heard many things of Jesus in Galilee, and out of curiosity longed to see him. The poorest beggar that asked a miracle for the relief of his necessity, was never denied; but this proud prince, who asked for a miracle only to gratify his curiosity, is refused. He might have seen Christ and his wondrous works in Galilee, and would not, therefore it is justly said, Now he would see them, and shall not. Herod sent Christ again to Pilate: the friendships of wicked men are often formed by union in wickedness. They agree in little, except in enmity to God, and contempt of Christ.

Verses 13-25: The fear of man brings many into this snare, that they will do an unjust thing, against their consciences, rather than get into trouble. Pilate declares Jesus innocent, and has a mind to release him; yet, to please the people, he would punish him as an evil-doer. If no fault be found in him, why chastise him? Pilate yielded at length; he had not courage to go against so strong a stream. He delivered Jesus to their will, to be crucified.

Verses 26-31: We have here the blessed Jesus, the Lamb of God, led as a lamb to the slaughter, to the sacrifice. Though many reproached and reviled him, yet some pitied him. But the death of Christ was his victory and triumph over his enemies: it was our deliverance, the purchase of eternal life for us. Therefore weep not for him, but let us weep for our own sins, and the sins of our children, which caused his death; and weep for fear of the miseries we shall bring upon ourselves, if we slight his love, and reject his grace. If God delivered him up to such sufferings as these, because he was made a sacrifice for sin, what will he do with sinners themselves, who make themselves a dry tree, a corrupt and wicked generation, and good for nothing! The bitter sufferings of our Lord Jesus should make us stand in awe of the justice of God. The best saints, compared with Christ, are dry trees; if he suffer, why may not they expect to suffer? And what then shall the damnation of sinners be! Even the sufferings of Christ preach terror to obstinate transgressors.

Verses 32-43: As soon as Christ was fastened to the cross, he prayed for those who crucified him. The great thing he died to purchase and procure for us, is the forgiveness of sin. This he prays for. Jesus was crucified between two thieves; in them were shown the different effects the cross of Christ would have upon the children of men in the preaching the gospel. One malefactor was hardened to the last. No troubles of themselves will change a wicked heart. The other was softened at the last: he was snatched as a brand out of the burning, and made a monument of Divine mercy. This gives no encouragement to any to put off repentance to their death-beds, or to hope that they shall then find mercy. It is certain that true repentance is never too late; but it is as certain that late repentance is seldom true. None can be sure they shall have time to repent at death, but every man may be sure he cannot have the advantages this penitent thief had. We shall see the case to be singular, if we observe the uncommon effects of God's grace upon this man. He reproved the other for railing on Christ. He owned that he deserved what was done to him. He believed Jesus to have suffered wrongfully. Observe his faith in this prayer. Christ was in the depth of disgrace, suffering as a deceiver, and not delivered by his Father. He made this profession before the wonders were displayed which put honour on Christ's sufferings, and startled the centurion. He believed in a life to come, and desired to be happy in that life; not like the other thief, to be only saved from the cross. Observe his humility in this prayer. All his request is, Lord, remember me; quite referring it to Jesus in what way to remember him. Thus he was humbled in true repentance, and he brought forth all the fruits for repentance his circumstances would admit. Christ upon the cross, is gracious like Christ upon the throne. Though he was in the greatest struggle and agony, yet he had pity for a poor penitent. By this act of grace we are to understand that Jesus Christ died to open the kingdom of heaven to all penitent, obedient believers. It is a single instance in Scripture; it should teach us to despair of none, and that none should despair of themselves; but lest it should be abused, it is contrasted with the awful state of the other thief, who died hardened in unbelief, though a crucified Saviour was so near him. Be sure that in general men die as they live.

Verses 44-49: We have here the death of Christ magnified by the wonders that attended it, and his death explained by the words with which he breathed out his soul. He was willing to offer himself. Let us seek to glorify God by true repentance and conversion; by protesting against those who crucify the Saviour; by a sober, righteous, and godly life; and by employing our talents in the service of Him who died for us and rose again.

Verses 50-56: Many, though they do not make any show in outward profession, yet, like Joseph of Arimathea, will be far more ready to do real service, when there is occasion, than others who make a greater noise. Christ was buried in haste, because the sabbath drew on. Weeping must not hinder sowing. Though they were in tears for the death of their Lord, yet they must prepare to keep holy the sabbath. When the sabbath draws on, there must be preparation. Our worldly affairs must be so ordered, that they may not hinder us from our sabbath work; and our holy affections so stirred up, that they may carry us on in it. In whatever business we engage, or however our hearts may be affected, let us never fail to get ready for, and to keep holy, the day of sacred rest, which is the Lord's day.

 


David Burnette's Life Application

What Are You Doing?

Each day we walk through the Bible chapter by chapter making an application of our text to help us grow in the Lord. Many applications can be made from each day's text. Today we continue in the book of Luke with Chapter 23. In our text today we see Jesus standing trial before Pilate and Herod before being handed over to be crucified. As He hangs on the cross He says "Father forgive them for they know not what they do." In making application we see that people still do not see what they are doing. Today we have the account of History, The Word of God, and the convicting  power of the Holy Spirit but still many refuse to see the Christ. If we would be like the repentant thief on the cross then we would all be going to Heaven when we die. How about you? Do you see who Jesus-Christ is? Let us learn from our text today and the written account of the Crucifixion to see that Jesus-Christ came to pay our sin debt and if we place our trust in Him we will see Christ for who he is, our Lord and Savior.  

 

.
Luke 23

Luke 23

 1And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate.

 2And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this fellow perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.

 3And Pilate asked him, saying, Art thou the King of the Jews? And he answered him and said, Thou sayest it.

 4Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people, I find no fault in this man.

 5And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

 6When Pilate heard of Galilee, he asked whether the man were a Galilaean.

 7And as soon as he knew that he belonged unto Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who himself also was at Jerusalem at that time.

 8And when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceeding glad: for he was desirous to see him of a long season, because he had heard many things of him; and he hoped to have seen some miracle done by him.

 9Then he questioned with him in many words; but he answered him nothing.

 10And the chief priests and scribes stood and vehemently accused him.

 11And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked him, and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate.

 12And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.

 13And Pilate, when he had called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people,

 14Said unto them, Ye have brought this man unto me, as one that perverteth the people: and, behold, I, having examined him before you, have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him:

 15No, nor yet Herod: for I sent you to him; and, lo, nothing worthy of death is done unto him.

 16I will therefore chastise him, and release him.

 17(For of necessity he must release one unto them at the feast.)

 18And they cried out all at once, saying, Away with this man, and release unto us Barabbas:

 19(Who for a certain sedition made in the city, and for murder, was cast into prison.)

 20Pilate therefore, willing to release Jesus, spake again to them.

 21But they cried, saying, Crucify him, crucify him.

 22And he said unto them the third time, Why, what evil hath he done? I have found no cause of death in him: I will therefore chastise him, and let him go.

 23And they were instant with loud voices, requiring that he might be crucified. And the voices of them and of the chief priests prevailed.

 24And Pilate gave sentence that it should be as they required.

 25And he released unto them him that for sedition and murder was cast into prison, whom they had desired; but he delivered Jesus to their will.

 26And as they led him away, they laid hold upon one Simon, a Cyrenian, coming out of the country, and on him they laid the cross, that he might bear it after Jesus.

 27And there followed him a great company of people, and of women, which also bewailed and lamented him.

 28But Jesus turning unto them said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not for me, but weep for yourselves, and for your children.

 29For, behold, the days are coming, in the which they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bare, and the paps which never gave suck.

 30Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and to the hills, Cover us.

 31For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

 32And there were also two other, malefactors, led with him to be put to death.

 33And when they were come to the place, which is called Calvary, there they crucified him, and the malefactors, one on the right hand, and the other on the left.

 34Then said Jesus, Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. And they parted his raiment, and cast lots.

 35And the people stood beholding. And the rulers also with them derided him, saying, He saved others; let him save himself, if he be Christ, the chosen of God.

 36And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

 37And saying, If thou be the king of the Jews, save thyself.

 38And a superscription also was written over him in letters of Greek, and Latin, and Hebrew, THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

 39And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.

 40But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?

 41And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.

 42And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

 43And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise.

 44And it was about the sixth hour, and there was a darkness over all the earth until the ninth hour.

 45And the sun was darkened, and the veil of the temple was rent in the midst.

 46And when Jesus had cried with a loud voice, he said, Father, into thy hands I commend my spirit: and having said thus, he gave up the ghost.

 47Now when the centurion saw what was done, he glorified God, saying, Certainly this was a righteous man.

 48And all the people that came together to that sight, beholding the things which were done, smote their breasts, and returned.

 49And all his acquaintance, and the women that followed him from Galilee, stood afar off, beholding these things.

 50And, behold, there was a man named Joseph, a counsellor; and he was a good man, and a just:

 51(The same had not consented to the counsel and deed of them;) he was of Arimathaea, a city of the Jews: who also himself waited for the kingdom of God.

 52This man went unto Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus.

 53And he took it down, and wrapped it in linen, and laid it in a sepulchre that was hewn in stone, wherein never man before was laid.

 54And that day was the preparation, and the sabbath drew on.

 55And the women also, which came with him from Galilee, followed after, and beheld the sepulchre, and how his body was laid.

 56And they returned, and prepared spices and ointments; and rested the sabbath day according to the commandment.